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14,450 year old human site discovered in Florida

14,450 year old human site discovered in Florida

Marine archaeologists have uncovered a 14, 450 year old mastodon butchering site under a slow moving Florida river.  The site contains both fossilized bones that show multiple cuts made by sharp stone tools and some human-made flint blades.   This irrefutable discovery permanently ends the long held orthodoxy that mankind did not arrive in the Americas until there was an ice-free land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. 

To read more, go to the full article:     Florida Mastodon Kill

Almost exactly 20 years ago, I attended a program at the Etowah Mounds Museum, hosted by the Northwest Georgia Archaeological Society.   The speaker was a marine archaeologist, employed by the Georgia State Historic Preservation Office, who used the meeting to announce a similar site about two miles off Sapelo Island.  The difference was that he had also discovered a complete set of Pre-Clovis tools, made from flint obtained about 100 miles inland on the Altamaha River from the current shoreline.  The spear points were quite similar to Solutrean (c. 21,000 BP) found in France and Late Neanderthal (c. 25,000 BP)  points found in Southern Spain.

Most of the audience was intrigued by the young man’s presentation and theory that humans, both modern and Neanderthal, had once lived near the section of the Atlantic Coast that is now under water.  However, the professional archaeologists in attendance pounced on him verbally as if he was some evil terrorist bent on destroying their perfect world.

The marine archaeologist was so humiliated by the verbal abuse at the meeting and subsequent attacks by the hyper-conservative Georgia Society of Professional Archaeologists that he quit his job.  The artifacts that he discovered were the property of the state and quickly disappeared after he was driven out of the region.

What a tragedy for science, when feudal mentalities can destroy a promising career and block the growth of knowledge.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

6 Comments

  1. quarefremeruntgentes7@yahoo.com'

    One alternative to Beringia is that paleoindians could have navigated the West Coast of N. America from Beringia to ice-free coasts in Washington State in boats. Marine sources of food would have been available. Both men and women would have had to complete the trip, however, given the climate of the ongoing ice age, with glaciers covering 1,400+ miles of coast to a heights of 1,500+ ft, including the islands near Vancouver, B.C., that would have been one of the harshest journeys ever undertaken by human beings…

    Reply
  2. quarefremeruntgentes7@yahoo.com'

    I can recall Solutreans having depicted seals. Perhaps also a narwhal. If they developed the technology to hunt whales, that would have shown an enhanced capability of surviving on the ocean, and demonstrated progress in marine technology, but the depiction of the narwhal does not tell whether or not they had the capability to kill the animal.

    Reply
    • quarefremeruntgentes7@yahoo.com'

      I will not attempt a non expert-opinion, but a paleoclimatologist in Discovery’s Docudrama, “Ice Age Columbus,” related the difficulties of crossing the Atlantic during ice age conditions. Lower air and water temperatures would magnify the power of gales and storms, and would significantly reduce populations of marine animals that pleistocene people could have hunted or fished for as food sources. As with other hypotheses, both men and women would have to complete the trip. This would seem to be an even harsher journey than the earlier theory about paleoindians navigating the glaciated west coast of N. America.

      Reply
      • In a relatively short time period, the indigenous people of Greenland migrated across the Arctic Circle from Siberia to Greenland. Several centuries later, they were still able to draw accurate maps of Eastern Siberia, Alaska and Northern Canada. One of the UK’s most respected geneticists has recently proven that there was DNA exchanges between North America and Northwestern Europe long before the Vikings landed in Canada. There is obviously still a lot we don’t know and don’t understand.

        Reply
        • quarefremeruntgentes7@yahoo.com'

          All very good points there.

          Parallels, such as those shared by Stonehenge and the older ‘henge’ in Alberta, do point toward a transatlantic diffusion. Some hunter-gatherer technologies, however, such as the bow and arrow, only appeared late in the prehistory of indigenous peoples. At least conventional archaeology does not place these weapons in N. America until c. 500 A.D. At some stage in time, northern maritime cultures developed capabilities to navigate coastal waters, and to hunt whales. Advances in construction could have produced vessels that could navigate the open waters of the north Pacific and north Atlantic. As for how early these technologies developed, however my opinion as an amatuer would not be worth much.

          Reply
  3. urisahatu@yahoo.com'

    Great post.

    Almost a year ago researchers found a surprising DNA link
    between some native Americans and Oceanians (including
    Australian Aboriginals and Negritos).

    Oceanians seem to have left DNA in mostly South American Natives especially in the Amazon region of Brazil.
    A surprising Oceanic DNA link is also found in Aleutians
    of the Aleutian islands west of Alaska.

    The point I’m trying to make is that the distance between Oceania and Westcoast (North-, Central- and South-)
    America is greater than Europe (and Africa) to Eastcoast
    America.
    Taking that into account it should be easier for European
    (Solutrean) people to reach America.

    Link to Science article:
    http://science.sciencemag.org/content/349/6250/aab3884

    Link to Nature article:
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v525/n7567/full/nature14895.html

    Reply

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