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Answers to Mini-quiz . . . now don’t cheat!

Answers to Mini-quiz  . . . now don’t cheat!
  1. The photo in the quiz article was taken in the 1890s.  This photo was made in 1915.   In the first country to use the Nazi salute in order to express complete loyalty to the central government.  What country was it?

The United States.    This salute was used in many public school classrooms in the Northeast, Midwest and parts of the West up until early 1942. Yes,  Adolf Hitler liked the salute of the American National Socialists so much that he adopted it for his party! 

2. In what country was the first National Socialist Party?   It was not Germany.  After World War I some disgruntled Germans liked the name of the original National Socialist Party and so created the National Socialist German Workers (NAZI) Party in imitation.

The United States.  It was founded by a Christian socialist in the 1880s, who wanted combine Christian utopianism with extreme patriotism.  

3. Now for some American history . . . who wrote the American Pledge of Allegiance and also started a political campaign to have flag poles erected outside every school for display of the United States flag?  It would be some time before flags were ever seen inside schools.

Francis J. Bellamy (1855-1931), the founder of the National Socialist Clubs of America.   During the late 19th century, Bellamy and his brother, Edward, obtained the financial backing for their patriotism campaign from several of the most prominent and wealthy New England families that included the ancestors of the Cabots, Lodges and Bush’s.   The wealthy New Englanders encouraged the “patriotic” aspect of Bellamy’s message, because they feared the rise of unions and Marxist Socialism.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Thank you Richard!


    Very interesting.


    Excellent quiz! I’m happy to say I passed it with flying colors. 🙂


        Hi Richard! I’m just a lover of truth and history. I’ve been involved in politics most of my adult life and frankly, I sought the truth about American History which makes me more of a realist. Also, I was raised with stories of how my grandfather hid his Native American ancestry to avoid prejudice and persecution, so I don’t wear rose colored glasses when looking at the history of America or it’s present state.


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