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Port in Vera Cruz similar to Ocmulgee National Monument and Track Rock Gap

Newly discovered port in Vera Cruz has architectural features found at Ocmulgee National Monument and Track Rock Gap

During the late 1930s Gringo archaeologists were baffled by a cluster of small round structures with no hearths on the west side of the Great Temple Mound at Ocmulgee National Monument and several large round structures on the other end of the Great Plaza that did have hearths. The latter structures were up to 15 meters in diameter. Ocmulgee was founded around 900 AD.

During 2012 archaeologists with the INAH in Mexico were also baffled by several round structures on the west side of the main temple at the newly discovered Tabucu, Vera Cruz site. Three smaller ones had no hearths and were 2.5 meters in diameter. A single large circular structure had a hearth and was 15 meters in diameter. Tabuco’s buildings were first constructed around 900 AD.

In early 2013 Maya specialists at the INAH came to the rescue. The small round structures were private shrines built by guilds of Putun (Chontal) Maya merchants. The large round foundation with a hearth at the center was a cone-shaped folk temple built to the god, Kukulkan (Quetzalcoatl) who among other things was the patron god of Maya merchants and the wind.

The Great Spiral Pyramid at Xochitecatl, Mexico was dedicated to the god of the wind. The Great Spiral Mound at Ocmulgee National Monument was the home of the priesthood of the Creek Wind Clan. Are we beginning to see a pattern?

This past week the Institutio Nacional de Antropologia Y Historia announced that they had definitely found for the first time a Chontal Maya port facility on the Tuxpan River and Gulf of Mexico. People south of this port on the Tuxpan River spoke Totonac. People on the north side of the river spoke dialects of Maya. Maya and Totonac words predominate in the Creek languages for words having to do with agriculture, architecture and government. Are we beginning to see a pattern?

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

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