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Author: Richard Thornton

Muskogean Justice

One of the justifications during the 1800s for deporting Native Americans west of the Mississippi or onto reservations, was that it would enable them to benefit from the “law and order” provided by European civilization. In fact, numerous European explorers such as René de Laudonniére, Juan Pardo, William Bartram and James Adair described established institutions for enforcing laws and maintaining the peace in Native American communities.

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Indigenous Peoples of Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley

There is substantial circumstantial evidence that this beautiful valley in northwestern Virginia and the eastern panhandle of West Virginia was the crime scene of Great Britain’s first experiment with ethnic cleansing. In 1660 it had the densest Native American population in the Mid-Atlantic Region. In the mid-1660s, a handful of Shanantoa Indian refugees reached the Colony of Pennsylvania, where they told sad stories of entire Shanantoa towns being killed or enslaved by Indians who came from the south.

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A Letter from Quebec

These Native American letters we feel are worth sharing and wondering if this is happening to others.

This letter was writing to a out-of-town traditional dancer met in a Pow Wow this summer (2012), to finish a conversation we had during dinnertime:

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Track Rock Archaeological Zone

What is going on at Track Rock Gap? During the year since this enormous archaeological zone was first publicized, POOF has added hundreds of new subscribers. We will give all of you an overview about what is now known about the site and what isn’t known. Genetic and linguistic studies carried out in 2012 suggest that there are at least some Creek, Cherokee, Seminole, Miccosukee and Koasati Indians today, who are the descendants of the builders of the Track Rock Terraces or its satellite towns in the Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee Mountains.

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French Exploration of the Southeast in the Sixteenth Century

This interim report will give you a fascinating glimpse of Native American societies in the South Atlantic Coastal Plain during the late 16th century. They were far more ethnically diverse than most anthropologists have assumed. In the coming months, we plan to reinforce it with research papers based on the analysis of surviving Spanish letters and reports from that era. Using French colonial archives, memoirs and maps, interpolated with satellite infrared imagery, we think we may have found the real location of Fort Caroline on the Altamaha River. It is more inland that probably most people suspected. Captain René de Laudonniére did say that he chose a location with sufficient potable, fresh water for a large town. By September 22, 1565 he WOULD have had about 1000 colonists at Fort Caroline, had not a hurricane and the Spanish intervened on September 21. The site appears to be on land owned by the State of Georgia, but this is not certain yet. The following interim report is an analysis of the French archives, reinforced with the on-going Native American historical research by several People of One Fire members: Sixteenth Century French Exploration of the Southeast Laissez les bons temps...

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The Information World is changing!

People of One Fire needs your help to evolve with it.

We are now celebrating the 11th year of the People of One Fire. In that time, we have seen a radical change in the way people receive information. The magazine industry has almost died. Printed newspapers are on life support. Ezines, such as POOF, replaced printed books as the primary means to present new knowledge. Now the media is shifting to videos, animated films of ancient towns, Youtube and three dimensional holograph images.

During the past six years, a privately owned business has generously subsidized my research as I virtually traveled along the coast lines and rivers of the Southeast. That will end in December 2017. I desperately need to find a means to keep our research self-supporting with advertising from a broader range of viewers. Creation of animated architectural history films for POOF and a People of One Fire Youtube Channel appears to be the way. To do this I will need to acquire state-of-art software and video hardware, which I can not afford with my very limited income. Several of you know personally that I live a very modest lifestyle. If you can help with this endeavor, it will be greatly appreciated.

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Richard Thornton . . . the truth is out there somewhere!

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