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Author: Richard Thornton

Video: Coosa . . . The Rediscovery of an Ancient Native American Capital

  It was the inspiration for the best-selling book and blockbuster movie, Deliverance, by James Dickey! The construction of Carters Dam on the Coosawattee River in Northwest Georgia was one of the most vitriolic political controversies in Georgia during the mid-20th century.  It was first proposed as an emergency war measure during World War II, but found to be too costly.  The project was then resurrected late in the Eisenhower Administration.  Throughout the controversy,  the John Kennedy and then the Lyndon Johnson presidential administrations withheld critical information from the general public, which would have torpedoed the project.  No one...

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Town plans of Coosa (Kawshe) and Chiaha were very similar

  The long awaited video on the great capital of Coosa will soon be published on Youtube.  It is going to turn the world of Southeastern Anthropology upside-down.  The majority of the population (commoners) of the Province of Kawshe (Coosa) were not even Muskogeans, but Kanza (Siouans), who around 1585 to 1600 AD began migrating westward out of Northwest Georgia and Northeast Alabama. While in the Southeast, the Kanza built the same style earth-bermed houses that they were living in when first contacted by French traders and American explorers. By the early 1700s, they had reached present day Kansas. ...

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Thanksgiving is a Native American tradition

  Thoughts by Bubba Mountainlion, while roasting his first turkey! Three states,  Massachusetts, Virginia and Florida now claim to have held the first Thanksgiving celebration. Whose Thanksgiving Festival, we might ask?  And how about the food they ate at these festivals?  They were almost entirely indigenous vegetables and meats. There has been an attempt by some Native American political activists recently to put Thanksgiving in the same category as Columbus Day.  To me that is the same genre as Native Americans kneeling at the National Anthem, as if they are foreigners on somebody else’s land.  Thanksgiving only has to...

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Teotihuacan . . . as you have never seen it before

  The two latest videos under production at the Apalache Research Foundation . . . Above, you can see the Iztaccíhuatl Volcano at the center of the horizon.  On the left, covered by rain was the Tlaloc Volcano and on the right was the Popocatepetl Volcano. This is the same view that Aztec Emperor, Moctezuma II,  looked upon exactly 500 years ago, as he pondered rumors about a small army of strange, powerful people with light colored skin, approaching his empire.  The color slide was taken from on top of his private temple, which is at the crest of...

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The Three Sisters Thang is a myth created by white men

The second program of the PBS series, Native America, perpetuated myths about Indigenous American agriculture that few people bother to fact check. In their three pages on Native American history in American History textbooks, generations of school children in the United States were taught that Indians were such good farmers that they knew to grow corn, beans and squash together in order to avoid depletion of the soil. College anthropology textbooks went a step further and told us about vast fields of mixed corn, beans and squash in the Southeast, plus that Native Americans were dependent on those three...

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Did you take a close look at the Zuni petroglyphs?

  The PBS team, which produced this magnificent series, “Native America,” did not notice something . . . but of course, they don’t have the smarts of we-uns Southeastern Natives.  LOL   Are you sitting down?  Many, if not  most of the Zuni sacred symbols can be found on Scandinavian Bronze petroglyph sites and the Track Rock Gap petroglyphs in Georgia.  Now, the sacred symbols do not include portrayals of animals and people, but when those Zuni elders sat down at Chaco Canyon for a ceremony,  the leader drew in the sand this symbol, which appears on the Nyköping Petroglyphs...

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New PBS Series, Native America, is a must see!

  Since October 23, 2018, the Public Broadcasting System has been airing a magnificent series on the indigenous peoples of the Americas. The program is an amazing step forward in the treatment of Native Peoples.  The description of their past is often presented from their perspective.  Unlike many such programs,  progressive and even Native American archaeologists are given serious exposure,  not treated as fringe theorists.  “Native America” is also streaming from the PBS Native American website:  The website also contains outstanding videos that focus on the lives and beliefs of individual Native Americans.  I don’t have a TV. ...

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Soque River Update: Terrace complex overlooking the valley

  All secondary state highways in the terrain map above follow ancient Native American paths.  That has been an important asset in the identification of archaeological sites.   Unfortunately, a stark demographic change in the late 20th century makes it difficult to find anyone, who knows anything about the region’s early history.  The benchmark for the Smithsonian report is a post office in a village that no longer exists!  The report states that there are hundreds of stone ruins in the region around the Soquee Post Office,  but so far,  no one can tell me where the Soquee Post Office...

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Did you get the significance of this old photograph?

  My grandmother’s mother made the children wear hats so their skin wouldn’t turn darker than it already was.  The Bone Family really didn’t have dark complexions . . . maybe like someone from southern Spain.   However, that alone would set them apart and make them subject to abuse during the first two decades of the 20th century.  My mother said that she always wore a hat, while hoeing the fields for the same reason.  She did not want to look different. My grandmother had trouble finding a suitable husband because she was related to most of the young...

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Growing up Native American in a segregated South

  Part Seven of the Series,   Southeast Georgia and the World of Pernell Roberts In February 2010,  a law firm in San Francisco sent me a large manilla envelope, packed to the brim with photocopies, which described actor Pernell Roberts’ life, beginning to end . . . except it contained NOTHING about his childhood in Waycross, Georgia.  It jumps from his birth in 1928 to his freshman year at Waycross High School.  The packet was essentially, the memoir of Pernell Roberts that he never wrote. He obviously had something to do with its content, because the brief accompanying note...

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The Information World is changing!

People of One Fire needs your help to evolve with it.

We are now celebrating the 11th year of the People of One Fire. In that time, we have seen a radical change in the way people receive information. The magazine industry has almost died. Printed newspapers are on life support. Ezines, such as POOF, replaced printed books as the primary means to present new knowledge. Now the media is shifting to videos, animated films of ancient towns, Youtube and three dimensional holograph images.

During the past six years, a privately owned business has generously subsidized my research as I virtually traveled along the coast lines and rivers of the Southeast. That will end in December 2017. I desperately need to find a means to keep our research self-supporting with advertising from a broader range of viewers. Creation of animated architectural history films for POOF and a People of One Fire Youtube Channel appears to be the way. To do this I will need to acquire state-of-art software and video hardware, which I can not afford with my very limited income. Several of you know personally that I live a very modest lifestyle. If you can help with this endeavor, it will be greatly appreciated.

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