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Caution: Most articles on the peopling of the Americas are essentially propaganda

Caution:  Most articles on the peopling of the Americas are essentially propaganda


A 4,000 year old symbol at Track Rock Gap

Remember in 2012 and 2013 when the US Forest Service, Eastern Band of Cherokees and Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists were spitting out a series of articles to the media around the nation, claiming that there was no evidence that Mesoamericans ever settled in the United States.  One of their key statements was that “no Maya writing has ever been found in Georgia.”   Yet the photograph that consistently accompanied their articles was of the Maya glyphs “mako hene Ahau Kukulkan” (Great Sun or High King Lord Kukulkan [Quetzalcoatl] from the Track Rock Petroglyphs in Georgia!  LOL  Mako hene was the first glyph translated by the famous archaeologist, David Stuart and featured in the popular PBS Nova program “Cracking the Maya Code.”  

A Maya priestess from Georgia on the Cherokee reservation

Simultaneously, some of the key spokespeople for “Maya Myth Busting in the Georgia Mountains,” the Eastern Band of Cherokees Cultural Preservation Office, adopted as its new logo, a shell gorget found in Mound C  at Etowah Mounds, Georgia, which portrayed a priestess of the Maya god, Kukulkan.   Clearly, all of these self-described experts were clueless about the subject, which they were propagandizing.

However, it gets much more complicated than that.  A couple of years ago, I realized that the exact same Maya glyph, which David Stuart translated, can be found on the Nyköping, Sweden petroglyphs, which have been dated to 2000 BC.  Then I realized that most of the petroglyphs in the Georgia Gold Belt can be found at Bronze Age sites in either Southern Scandinavia or Southwestern Ireland.  About the same time, archaeologists in Florida announced the results of DNA testing for the 7-8,000 year old bodies found in the Windover Bog near Titusville, Florida.  They were Archaic Europeans or western Eurasians . . . not terribly different than the Sami of northern Scandinavia today.  One wonders why and how these Floridians crossed over the Bering Strait between Siberia and Alaska. 

The earliest known settlers of the Amazon Basin were recently discovered to be Australoids. Algonquian, Cherokee and Muskogee-Creek speakers use the same suffix for “people or tribe” that the Gaelic Irish use.  The earliest known settlers of Mexico and Chile were Southeast Asians.  The Paracusa of the Nazca Plain in Peru were found to be from near the Black Sea. The “Indians” of Baja California and the portions of California, south of Los Angeles, were found to be Polynesians . . . and the Polynesian portion of my family’s ancestry is now being labeled MAORI!   Meanwhile a legion of news articles repeatedly remind us that all American Indians came across the Bering Strait . . . at least that’s what the text-message generation news reporter was told to say. 

No one knows all the facts – All discussions of the peopling of the Americas involve theories, not absolute facts.  Both geneticists and paleontologists in the United States typically present their theories as “the new facts about the people, who settled the Americas,” but in the Americas these facts are all based on incredibly minuscule samples of the total amount of potential samples.  Such is not the case in England, Ireland and Scotland in which large numbers of prehistoric skeletons and living citizens have been analyzed by geneticists.  Both professions have tended to break up into tribes or religions in which promoting of their cause is more important than getting at the truth. Caucasian anthropologists in the United States also are prone to create simplistic models about about the past rather than present a complex interaction of many dependent and independent variables.  Sorry, the latter part of that sentence is a statistics term, but it is the only one that describes the situation.    

Agnetha in the summer of 1972

DNA reports are not what you think they are!  Unless one is at one of the world centers of research like the University of Copenhagan,  Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Max Plank Institute, Upsala University or Harvard University,  most DNA analyses are really tests that compare the DNA of individuals to DNA test markers from a particular ethnic group.  When a commercial lab says that you are 23% Slobovian, it really means that 23% of your genes are like those typical of the average Slobovian . . . but how many Slobovians were sampled to make that test marker?  If only 12 people were sampled out of 5.3 million Slobovians, that does not mean a whole lot. 

Here is a good example.  Until a couple of years ago,  we were told that it was a fact that the Sami had little or no Asian ancestry.  I knew that was not right, because when Joana the Sami-Austrian* biologist and I went up into the boonies of northern Lapland in her yellow Volkswagen bug, we saw villages where the people looked like American Indians or Central Asians.  It turns out that all the DNA laboratories in the world were using a Sami DNA test marker made years ago from a small group of blue-eyed, blond Southern Sami, living near Upsala, Sweden, who really were just Forest Finns.  When samples were taken of full-blooded Northern Sami, they were found to have high levels of several Asiatic test markers.  In fact, it is now know that Central and Northern Swedes such as beloved Agnetha ABBA Fältskog can be up to 38% Asiatic.  At right is a pre-ABBA Agnetha before a nose job and teeth braces, when she liked to dress up like an Amerikanska Indien.      * During the Roman Era, a band of Sami migrated to the section of the Alps that divide Austria and Switzerland.  Their descendants have black hair and tan skin.

So . . . here are some real facts to consider when reading the latest Peopling of the Americas news story

  • The Atlantic and Gulf coastlines of the Southeastern United States are now 60 to 100 miles farther inland than they were 10,000 years ago. Many villages, camp sites, artifacts and human remains were covered by the rising waters.
  • Around 1995, professional underwater archaeologists, employed by the State of Georgia, found several Neanderthal-type camp sites on the Continental shelf with flint artifacts, probably mined at or near the Topper Site on the Savannah River.  The response of the state’s architectural oligarchs was to demand the firing/ostracizing of these two young men and the disappearance of the artifacts.
  • The 55,000 year old artifacts found by Dr. Al Goodyear at the Topper Site on the Savannah River, look identical to those made by Sinanthropus pekinensis (Peking Man) in eastern China and coastal Siberia.
  • Remember 90-95% of the indigenous peoples of the Americas died in the Great Native American Holocaust!  Entire ethnic groups in Southeast are known to have been wiped out by British Slave Raids and European diseases.
  • Many DNA test markers for tribes in Central and South America were made from a small number of modern descendants.  These people have been intermarrying with the Spanish and Africans for five centuries.  
  • No DNA test markers exist for many tribes living in the remote parts of Central and South America.
  • Many geneticists and anthropologists are ignoring the discovery of Australoid, Polynesian, Paracas-Black Sea, Archaic European and Southeast Asian DNA in indigenous Americans when promoting the latest version of the Bering Strait Land Bridge Theory.
  • There are no internationally accepted DNA test markers for the modern indigenous tribes of the Southeastern United States, which by far was the most densely populated region north of Mexico.  No one is even trying now to make a Creek-Seminole DNA test marker.  Word got out in the Southeast’s anthropology schools that Creeks were being labeled as Mesoamericans by commercial DNA labs.  That meant that the Mayas did come to Georgia . . . so no decent genetics professor wants to be the one to bring shame to their colleagues in Anthropology.
  • On individual DNA tests for Uchees and Creeks, all the Sami, Finnish, Eurasian, Basque, Iberian, Scandinavian and Pre-Gaelic Irish DNA is being classified as post-European contact, when actually their ancestors arrived on the Savannah River at least 3,000 years ago.
  • Cherokee DNA tests are a farce.  First of all, a huge percentage of Cherokees are descended from women and children captured on slave raids around the Eastern United States.  Many more today are mostly or totally Caucasian.  At least two Cherokee bands in western North Carolina originally spoke Ladino (Late Medieval Spanish Hebrew).  When a University of Tennessee professor couldn’t find any consistent genetic patterns in North Carolina Cherokees,  he obtained DNA from seven pre-Columbian skeletons in a Creek burial mound on the Little Tennessee River and called them Cherokee.  Desperate for any Cherokee genetic material, an increasing number of PhD candidates around the nation are using his results as a test marker for Modern Cherokees, then comparing them to other tribes with legitimate DNA test markers.  These scholars are making broad statements about Cherokee history, which really are about Creek history. 
  • Florida Apalachee DNA is being misinterpreted.  The Florida Apalachee were Arawaks from Peru or the Amazon Basin. All their village names are either Southern Arawak or Panoan words, such as Apalachen.    However, since DNA samples from a few Colonial Period Apalachee skeletons were obtained,  several professors are using the Apalachee DNA test results as a Creek DNA test marker.  The results of these interpolations are totally bogus.
  • Historians and anthropologists have totally erased the major presence of Arawaks and Panoans in Alabama, Georgia and Tennessee – probably, regions farther north, too.
  • Many hybrid Paracas skulls have been found in central Mexico and throughout the State of Georgia.  They have either been ignored or labeled “skulls with flattened foreheads.”   Flattened foreheads have been found also, but they look entirely different.
  • My former next door neighbor in Woodstock, Virginia,  the late archaeologist, William Gardner of Thunderbird Associates, found permanent villages with as many as 1000 residents on the Shenandoah River, which dated back 6-10,000 years ago.  His incontestable findings were ignored by his peers because they conflicted with the orthodox portrayal of Post-Ice Age North America being populated by a sparse number of primitive hunter-gatherers.



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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Query; I don’t usually have trouble following your evidence and logic, but on this I am stumbling – on what basis is the figure on the Etowah gorget (adopted by the Cherokee) determined to be female?

    • I think it was the necklace, naked legs, lack of a upper arm copper ring and body proportions that caused “it” to be called the Dancing Priestess. Both figures are wearing pubic guards, which is the sign of nobility, however. Here is how men were portrayed.


    Check out “Early Metal Use and Crematory Practice in the American Southeast” Sanger/Hill. It’s freely available for download and is a very short and to the point read.

    In the paper they find that the seasonal inhabitants at the McQueen shell midden at the mouth of the Savannah River during the late Archaic period accessed their copper from Lake Superior and had extensive trade networks. The inhabitants were thought to have come from distant lands.

    Recent genetic studies are rewriting the history of the Americas and most anthropologists here are trying to fight it tooth and nail. I have a strong suspicion that the anthropological community is going to lose this battle lol!

    Great read as always Richard!

    • Exactly, as I was saying. That’s why we formed the Apalache Research Foundation. Maybe in the near future, we can hire archaeologists, who think like scientists.


        This will certainly come as it must… It is just too easy to sample all of these pottery shards, copper and bronze, shells, fibers, and digest or burn a small sample and look at its signature in a plasma spectrometer and/or mass spectrometer and perhaps some HPLC separations also, and discover its regional origin when measured against known standards. These trade routs were very extensive and are discussed in detail in many early fur trappers journals! Again, once the money and effort exists to accomplish this, a new and more realistic truth will be floating around out there that will make many people happy and many more very upset! I look forward to it…


    Richard, As you know even if there is overwhelming proof that the Toltecs/ Maya / Itza were in Georgia and the universities will stay the course instead of rewriting their nonsense histories.
    Today I found a Cherokee lore word connection with Bronze age Crete….a city called: “Atali” The most ancient people to the Delaware Native people were called “Talagewi” and also there was that town in 1540 South Carolina called Talimico. Would you believe there was a bronze coastal town called “Talawa” in Turkey? All these connections to/from that area of the Earth indicates trans Atlantic trade and migrations. Some of the Ata- connected peoples continued to be around the Gulf of Mexico and perhaps mixed with a more ancient Sea Para-people (Amazon river) and became the Ata-kapa. Sense most crops were domesticated here that would supply the food for a larger population base and some of these sounds made there way over to Europe and the Mediterranean Sea area. (Just like the 2500 year old story of Atlantis indicated). Thanks for the articles.


    Hi Richard, hope all is well with you. Love this article ! It seems you certainly know your subject but I still struggle to understand some of it with regard to the migrations of different peoples event though I am familiar with the Minoan and Mycenaean people.

    • I don’t understand trans-European migrations either Rita. As an architect, I just report the visible evidence. We do have a large petroglyphic boulder, found at the head of navigation for the Savannah River, which portrays at least three types of Bronze Age ships, plus Scandinavian Bronze Age astronomical symbols and the god Thor carrying a hammer. The Uchee did say that their ancestors came across the Atlantic from the “home of the Sun.”


    Thanks, Richard, for the comment on the earlier coastlines of the Gulf and Atlantic. I’ve always been convinced that detailed underwater research on the continental shelf of the Gulf would show evidence of population movements back/forth between Mexico and the Southeast. (This is not to mention a very possible “land-bridge” across the present islands between South America and Florida.) When the lid blows off this archaeological pot, it’s going to be a real show!


    Nice article, and it’s a view I greatly appreciate! When it comes to what passes as an acceptable truth, frequently, the status quo really has to go. For about the last 15 years, anytime I hear anyone in ANY position of authority on any subject say the words, “I believe”, “we believe”, “we feel”, or anything even close to that, I’m already pretty much done… How about lets look at empirical evidence and even if it rendered what we had decided was fact to be false, it is OK. Lets admit the wrong and move on… It would be nice to be an adult at some point.


    Off the subject, I am trying to get in touch with someone who could help with stopping the excavation of sacred ground. Hi, I am a resident of the Coosa River basin. I have been given many answers to questions that pose you and your orginazation. I also have a native american background. I have been given this information spiritually. These discoveries are very unique and large. These range from mounds, civilizations and the beasts in native american folklore. These are also the beasts written about in the biblical text, as well as other ancient folklore across the globe. These beasts are also found in the mythological text. One of these beasts in particular is Godzilla or the Behemoth. The fossilized bones of this beast lie on our property in Shelby County Alabama, covering over 30 acers. There are seven of these within about a 10 mile radius, as well as mounds and civilizations. One of my main concerns is the prostitution of the land, due to a rock quarry being established in Vincent Al. If you could please contact me so that these things can be brought to the light. Thank you for your time, hope to speak with someone soon…

    • The restrictions on land disturbance vary between certified archaeological zones, flood hazard zones and anywhere else. The Shelby County Community Development Department or whoever issued grading, land disturbance or building permits is the place to start.


        Hi Richard, thank you so much for your time… I feel that you and your team of scholars need to evaluate these fossilized remains of these creatures. Behemoth (Godzilla), Phoenix (Thunderbird), Pegasus as well as his rider, Saytr, Leviathon (Dragon). The 7th one, next to the quarry site, is one that resembles a creature from the Egyptian era. I really feel that you should go out on a limb on this one, to make your own determination. Also I have some answers to some of your glyphs found in Georgia.


    Richard T., Your post is very important since there are many who can get overwhelmed by all the info that is being put out and the amount of disinfo by certain groups and or individuals is making it difficult for many to stay on track and to not wonder off in every direction.
    In your post you mention many geneticists and anthropologists are ignoring the discovery of Australoid, Polynesian, Paracas-Black Sea, Archaic European and Southeast Asian DNA.
    Remembering you mentioning Polynesian and Southeast Asian traits in some southeastern North American natives I have been searching for more information to find possible DNA links.

    After some research I found viewable pages on the website of Family Tree DNA which are helpful to get an idea where certain haplogroups are (currently) concentrated around the world.
    Those who are interested can become a member of the DNA project. Since there have been many discussions about a Polynesian connection between certain native Americans and Maori people I searched for haplogroup (mtDNA) B results.

    On page 14 (of 15 – as shown on May, 2019) on the list of mtDNA B results there is one individual maternal ancestor with a (seemingly) Maori name R. Tahuti who’s haplogroup (subgroup) is B4’5.
    This particular maternal ancestor R. Tahuti lived in the 19th century New Zealand. Upon taking a closer look on the mtDNA map there is actually one project member in Etowah, Tennessee with a confirmed haplogroup (mtDNA) B4’5.
    Based on the results of the project members for haplogroup (mtDNA) B, B4’5 is concentrated in Mexico, Central America and Island Southeast Asia in this case the Philippines.

    If the ancestors of the New Zealand (Maori?) individual and the ancestors of the Etowah Tennessee individual were present in their region in pre-Columbian times this could be proof that there is a connection between some Pacific Islanders in (and around) Polynesia and some native Americans in southeastern North America.

    Yes, the map only shows the current location (or at least recent location) of the project members. Having said that, the confirmation of mtDNA B4’5 from a maternal ancestor in 19th century New Zealand is very interesting.
    The question now should be, did B4’5 migrated from Island Southeast Asia to Polynesia and the Americas in pre-Columbian times or is this a result of post-Columbian Spanish, English and later American colonization bringing B4’5 from the Americas (Mexico?) to Polynesia and Island Southeast Asia (Philippines)?

    – On the haplogroup B map, subgroup B4’5 which shows an Etowah Tennessee individual, also shows B4’5 individuals in Louisiana and Mississippi which could potentially be individuals linked to Chickasaw and Choctaw (Muskogean?).
    – An individual DNA test of someone claiming to have a half Chickasaw and half Choctaw grandmother, her test result came out as B4’5 which if true will strengthen the B4’5 link between some southeastern North American natives and some Pacific Islanders in this case Polynesian; Maori.
    Quote from DNA-Explained .com – January 12, 2016:
    “Hi, my test is with 23andme my mtDNA haplogroup is B4’5 my 2x great grandmother was half Chickasaw and half Choctaw (may have Cherokee on that side too, her father’s) her mother was Chickasaw. I have my maternal grandmother, mother and myself.”
    – The individual from New Zealand having B4’5 is mysterious since Maori motif is B4a1a1a3 etc. yet the name of the maternal ancestor clearly has a Polynesian (Maori?) name: Rihi Tahuti and lived in New Zealand in the 19th century.

    Family Tree DNA – B Haplogroup mtDNA / Worldwide Mitochondrial Haplogroup B Project: – MAP – Test Results for Members

    DNAeXplained – Genetic Genealogy
    New Native Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroups Extrapolated from Anzick Match Results: – mtDNA B (B4’5 chickasaw, choctaw?)


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