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Coweta Creek Confederacy incorporated in Georgia

Coweta Creek Confederacy incorporated in Georgia


On the 300th anniversary of the founding of the modern Creek Confederacy, the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. has been incorporated under the laws of the State of Georgia as a non-profit cultural and economic development entity. This Native American organization will function as an institutional umbrella for tribal towns and ceremonial grounds located throughout the state or region. 

It is recognized that the Creek Confederacy covered what was then a vast territory and included many ethnic groups, aka  ETULA ~ ETALWA or Tribal Towns.  For a modern Native American tribal town to function efficiently, it is mandatory that the members live in reasonable driving distance of each other.   Therefore, the corporate charter of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. recognizes confederated tribal members, ceremonial ground committees and individual members. 

Each tribal town or ceremonial ground shall elect its own officers, which shall include: Mikko, Hene-ahau(s), Yahola, plus what other officers and council members, it deems appropriate.  It may adopt its own charter and determine its own policies.   Certain eligible bands of Creeks or Uchees may seek separate federal or state recognition without jeopardizing their association with the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. 

Official languages

Individual tribal towns may conduct their meetings in any language that they choose, including indigenous languages and Spanish.  However, communications between tribal towns and with the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. shall be in American English.

Corporate activities

The Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc.  considers any form of gambling to be detrimental to welfare of its membership and the community. Although initially creating wealth for sponsoring organizations, gambling promotes conditions that are 100% opposite to the spiritual values of the Creek People, attracts organized crime and sucks the economic life blood out of host communities.

The primary corporate activities of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. shall be rural economic development,  establishment of environmentally sustainable communities and promotion of the traditional values of the Creek People, which include . . . stewardship of the natural environment, democracy, equality of men and women,  food self-sufficiency, personal responsibility for one’s interaction with others,  educational opportunities for all, the special protected status of children and elders, plus the responsibility of the entire community for the well-being of all its members.

The Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. has already begun establishment of direct contact with the governments, private industries and indigenous tribes of emerging democracies around the world.  We intend to carry out international economic development projects, which are mutually beneficial to both parties.  Within the Southeastern United States, we will first focus on rural communities and counties with substantial indigenous heritage, but intend to provide economic opportunities for peoples of all ethnic backgrounds.


For the present time, communicate interest in enrollment using the following email address:



Membership is open to the descendants of all peoples, who were ancestral to or members of the Creek Confederacy.   In concordance with the 2008 ruling of Judge Patrick Moore of the Muscogee-Creek Nation of Oklahoma,  as long as a person can prove this ancestry, descent from any other ethnic group or race is of no consequence.   Eligibility for enrollment shall be proven by one or more of the following:

  1. Current or past membership in one of the tribes or ethnic groups listed below.
  2. Ancestor (proven by genealogy) mentioned in a historical document, legal document or treaty as being in one of the tribes below.
  3. Ancestor or applicant listed as being American Indian in the US Census or by the US Department of Defense.
  4.  Individual listed on the Dawes Rolls.
  5.  Family or individual listed on the 1937 Creek Docket.
  6. Certified DNA test, showing at least 5% DNA, associated with indigenous peoples of the Americas, listed below.
  7.  Uchee applicants may substitute at least 5%  Saami, Ciarraighe Irish or Basque DNA test markers.
  8.  A family name that is only associated with a certain indigenous people of the Americas . . .  e.g. Harjo, Yohola or Mahala


Eligible indigenous ethnic groups

(A) Ancestral Peoples

  1. Uchee
  2.  Paracus,  Satipo, Conibo, Shipibo, Cashibo,  Ashinanka, Chiska, Tupi,  Panoan, Southern Arawak (South America)
  3.  Choctaw
  4.  Maya, Totonac, Huastec, Tamaule, Tamale, Zoque, Pima, Chontales de Oaxaca, Tolteca  (Mesoamerica)
  5.  Taino, Arawak . . .  All indigenous peoples of Cuba, Hispanola, Puerto  Rico, Virgin Islands

(B) Original People of One Fire or Creek Confederacy

  1.  Alabama (Alibaamu)
  2.  Chickasaw
  3.  Kashe-te (Upper Creeks)
  4.  Apike or Abeika (Upper Creeks)

(C)  Kingdom of Apalache

  1.  Apalachicola
  2.  Palachicola
  3.  Florida Apalachee
  4.  Coweta
  5. Cusseta
  6. Ogeechee
  7.  Cusabo
  8.  Itsate ~ Hitchiti ~ Koasate
  9.  Oconee, Okate
  10.  Tamatli, Tamahiti, Tamali
  11. Toasi, Toasee
  12.  Chiaha
  13. Taskeke ~ Tuskegee ~ Tuskete
  14.  Talasee

(D) 1717 Creek Confederacy

  1. Tocasee ~ Tuckabatchee
  2.  Culasee ~ Cullawhee
  3.  Oakfuskee
  4. Eufaula
  5. Ilape ~ Pee Dee ~ Hillabee
  6. Talwaposa ~ Tallapoosa
  7. Etalwa
  8.  Shawnee ~ Savano ~ Xuale ~ Suwanee
  9. Sawakee ~ Sawate (Sautee) ~ Sawakli
  10.  Atasee
  11.  Chattahoochee ~ Pakanahuere (Peachtree)
  12.  Echete
  13.  Yamacraw
  14.  Okamule-ke ~ Okmulgee
  15.  Westo
  16. Bohuron
  17.  Thamacoggin (Tamakoa)
  18.  Keowee
  19.  Thloplocco
  20.  Conchakee
  21.  Hontaoasee ~ Hontawekee
  22.  Anawakee
  23. Kataapa (Catawba)
  24. Satipo ~ Santee
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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Glad to hear it. Congratulations!


    Interesting. A Question…Can a person be Already enrolled in a tribal Nation or must they be unenrolled To be Eligible? If a person has A Native American Haplogroup does that make them Eligible as well? If a person possess Irish or Basque DNA (at least 5%) but showa no Native at all are they Eligible?
    Is this Organization recognized by the State of Georgia or Officially State Recognized?

    I have passed it along for others to view.


    • We have created this organization primarily as an alliance of tribal towns, which will be dealing with governments and industrial leaders from other nations. We hope to be state recognized, but the process has not officially started. We are already actively involved in economic development activities in two Southern states.

      No you do not have to leave the rolls of another tribe. We are following EXACTLY the rules of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, which was formed in 1717 at Ocmulgee National Monument.

      For the Basque and Saami DNA to count, you MUST prove descent from the Uchee. This rule only applies to the Uchee descendants because we know that their closest relatives are the Saami of Lappland – not typical Native American tribes of the United States. Most Uchee also carry Creek blood, but the Creeks are different than tribes in other parts of the United STates also. We are Haplo Group C.


    This is fantastic! Congratulations are most certainly in order. Can you please explain something for me? It’s in regards to your use of “modern” in the first line. Has the Creek Confederacy been in continuous existence all 300 years?

    • Yes and no. The Creek Confederacy existed continuously from 1717 until the Creek Trail of Tears 1832-36. A Creek government solely for Oklahoma Creeks was constituted in 1836 then abolished by the Federal government in 1905 then reconstituted in 1979. However, I used the term “modern” because there were several Creek Confederacies that existed before the arrival of British colonists in North America.


        Ah, that helps me understand. Thank you!

    • By the way, you look like a fairer skinned version of my mother, who was Itsate Creek and Uchee. She had an “oriental” complexion and black hair. I have no doubts that you carry Native American heritage.


    Are there any reliable DNA services that you could recommend? I saw a show where they had several sets of identical triplets send for DNA testing, and got back varied results – not matching or identical.

    • Here are the two problems Raine. There are NO reliable DNA test markers for the Southeastern tribes. The commercial labs are comparing our DNA to Algonquins in Canada. The Creeks are a entirely different ethnic group. We are HaploGroup C like the civilizations in Mesoamerica and Peru. Unless you have some Shawnee ancestry many labs will define your “Indianess” based on similarity to a tribe that is entirely different than you. This is particularly a problem for Uchee and Creek descendants. Creeks are primarily descended from a mixture of South American, Mesoamerican and Uchee ancestors. Uchee’s have turned out to be most closely related to the Saami (Lapps) of Scandinavia and pre-Gaelic peoples of Ireland. However, geneticists are very unfamiliar with the real history of the Uchees and Creeks, so can easily misinterpret the results.

      On the other hand there are millions of Americans trying to prove they are Cherokees. Labs are using all sorts of hat tricks to make their customers think that there are DNA test markers for Cherokees. One of the tricks is to label Semitic DNA, which Cherokees have in abundance and calling it “proto-Native American.” That is why the Cherokees are now claiming that they occupied all of the Americas before other Native Americans arrived. The Cherokees typically carry very little Native American DNA and lots of Middle Eastern DNA.

      I am not an expert on the subject, but would guess that a lab oriented to scientific genetic research is going to give you a more accurate DNA result than one trying to maximize profits for investors.


    I’ll pass this along to my husband. But doesn’t he have to live nearby?


    Again! Great Job!


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