Richard Thornton | Mar 17, 2017 | 1
Coweta Creek Confederacy incorporated in Georgia
On the 300th anniversary of the founding of the modern Creek Confederacy, the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. has been incorporated under the laws of the State of Georgia as a non-profit cultural and economic development entity. This Native American organization will function as an institutional umbrella for tribal towns and ceremonial grounds located throughout the state or region.
It is recognized that the Creek Confederacy covered what was then a vast territory and included many ethnic groups, aka ETULA ~ ETALWA or Tribal Towns. For a modern Native American tribal town to function efficiently, it is mandatory that the members live in reasonable driving distance of each other. Therefore, the corporate charter of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. recognizes confederated tribal members, ceremonial ground committees and individual members.
Each tribal town or ceremonial ground shall elect its own officers, which shall include: Mikko, Hene-ahau(s), Yahola, plus what other officers and council members, it deems appropriate. It may adopt its own charter and determine its own policies. Certain eligible bands of Creeks or Uchees may seek separate federal or state recognition without jeopardizing their association with the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc.
Individual tribal towns may conduct their meetings in any language that they choose, including indigenous languages and Spanish. However, communications between tribal towns and with the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. shall be in American English.
The Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. considers any form of gambling to be detrimental to welfare of its membership and the community. Although initially creating wealth for sponsoring organizations, gambling promotes conditions that are 100% opposite to the spiritual values of the Creek People, attracts organized crime and sucks the economic life blood out of host communities.
The primary corporate activities of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. shall be rural economic development, establishment of environmentally sustainable communities and promotion of the traditional values of the Creek People, which include . . . stewardship of the natural environment, democracy, equality of men and women, food self-sufficiency, personal responsibility for one’s interaction with others, educational opportunities for all, the special protected status of children and elders, plus the responsibility of the entire community for the well-being of all its members.
The Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. has already begun establishment of direct contact with the governments, private industries and indigenous tribes of emerging democracies around the world. We intend to carry out international economic development projects, which are mutually beneficial to both parties. Within the Southeastern United States, we will first focus on rural communities and counties with substantial indigenous heritage, but intend to provide economic opportunities for peoples of all ethnic backgrounds.
For the present time, communicate interest in enrollment using the following email address: PeopleOfOneFire@aol.com
Membership is open to the descendants of all peoples, who were ancestral to or members of the Creek Confederacy. In concordance with the 2008 ruling of Judge Patrick Moore of the Muscogee-Creek Nation of Oklahoma, as long as a person can prove this ancestry, descent from any other ethnic group or race is of no consequence. Eligibility for enrollment shall be proven by one or more of the following:
- Current or past membership in one of the tribes or ethnic groups listed below.
- Ancestor (proven by genealogy) mentioned in a historical document, legal document or treaty as being in one of the tribes below.
- Ancestor or applicant listed as being American Indian in the US Census or by the US Department of Defense.
- Individual listed on the Dawes Rolls.
- Family or individual listed on the 1937 Creek Docket.
- Certified DNA test, showing at least 5% DNA, associated with indigenous peoples of the Americas, listed below.
- Uchee applicants may substitute at least 5% Saami, Ciarraighe Irish or Basque DNA test markers.
- A family name that is only associated with a certain indigenous people of the Americas . . . e.g. Harjo, Yohola or Mahala
Eligible indigenous ethnic groups
(A) Ancestral Peoples
- Paracus, Satipo, Conibo, Shipibo, Cashibo, Ashinanka, Chiska, Tupi, Panoan, Southern Arawak (South America)
- Maya, Totonac, Huastec, Tamaule, Tamale, Zoque, Pima, Chontales de Oaxaca, Tolteca (Mesoamerica)
- Taino, Arawak . . . All indigenous peoples of Cuba, Hispanola, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
(B) Original People of One Fire or Creek Confederacy
- Alabama (Alibaamu)
- Kashe-te (Upper Creeks)
- Apike or Abeika (Upper Creeks)
(C) Kingdom of Apalache
- Florida Apalachee
- Itsate ~ Hitchiti ~ Koasate
- Oconee, Okate
- Tamatli, Tamahiti, Tamali
- Toasi, Toasee
- Taskeke ~ Tuskegee ~ Tuskete
(D) 1717 Creek Confederacy
- Tocasee ~ Tuckabatchee
- Culasee ~ Cullawhee
- Ilape ~ Pee Dee ~ Hillabee
- Talwaposa ~ Tallapoosa
- Shawnee ~ Savano ~ Xuale ~ Suwanee
- Sawakee ~ Sawate (Sautee) ~ Sawakli
- Chattahoochee ~ Pakanahuere (Peachtree)
- Okamule-ke ~ Okmulgee
- Thamacoggin (Tamakoa)
- Hontaoasee ~ Hontawekee
- Kataapa (Catawba)
- Satipo ~ Santee
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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.
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