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Cuban archaeologists have documented extensive movements of peoples back and forth between the Southeast and Mesoamerica

Cuban archaeologists have documented extensive movements of peoples back and forth between the Southeast and Mesoamerica

Preview to the Pokesta 2017 featured article

Baracoa, Guantanamo  . . .  the Cuban Connection

Baracoa in Arawak means the same as Apalache in Creek!

It has been long documented that over 55,000 years ago, the ancestors of the Australian aborigines paddled across dangerous stretches of ocean as much as 300 miles wide to reach Australia.   Yet, here in the United States anthropologists pretend that the 90 miles between the Florida Keys and Cuba were an insurmountable barrier to the movement of people.  Their orthodox description of the Southeastern United States past had no explanation of how several South American cultivated plants could leap 3,000 miles from Peru to Alabama and Georgia . . .  and they didn’t want to talk about it.

For some time, I have been puzzled by the English language versions of Cuba’s Pre-Hispanic past found in books and on the internet.  They just did not make sense.  It seemed that the North American academicians, who wrote these articles, were more concerned with blocking any thoughts that migrations might have occurred between Mesoamerica, South America and North America, via Cuba . . . than they were with the facts.  

To my astonishment,  the version of Cuba’s Pre-Hispanic history in the Spanish language version of Wikipedia was quite different than the one written by a Florida anthropology professor in the English version of Wikipedia.  A Cuban anthropologist described the heritage of his country in the Spanish version.

You will find out those remarkable differences in the featured article.  A couple of weeks ago, I was able to make direct contact with the University of Havana’s Department of Anthropology.  As an introduction, I attached the URL to the premier of America Unearthed on Youtube.  That gesture hit paydirt.  The gracious professors there told me something amazing.  In the early 20th century, the same archaeologists, who excavated the Nacoochee Mound in Georgia and the Peachtree Mound in North Carolina, immediately north of the Georgia Line, then spent several years working in Cuba. 

After World War II, archaeologists from the Southeastern United States worked for about 14 years in Cuba.  They had to leave because much of the fighting, associated with the Cuban Revolution, was in the region where they were digging.

They found proof that Cuba was first settled by peoples from the Southeast and then much later peoples from Cuba colonized a significant area of the Southeast as far north as Tennessee . . . but the largest population movement was to Georgia.   Do you readers remember me mentioning in an earlier article that Tennessee was the Anglicization for the Creek word that means “descendants of the Taino?”   Cuban anthropologists have known about the Dixie-Cuban Connection for about 65 years.   They sent me an article from one of their journals to prove it.  It is below.

There is apparently some incompatibility between the software of Cuban computers and ours.  I could not get my Adobe translator to work.  However, all readers will be able to pick out the names of Southeastern states, where Cuban or Cuban-influenced artifacts have been found.  Gringo archaeologists kept these discoveries in Cuba and the Southeast a secret, because the next question would be, “If the Arawaks could make this journey, why not the much more sophisticated Itza Maya mariners?” 

I think you will find the Cuban Connection fascinating.  It solves many mysteries that have been swept under the rug in the United States.  Among other things tomorrow, I will present the profound evidence that the original founders of Ocmulgee National Monument, around 900 AD were Ciboney refugees from Cuba. They became a minority after Itza commoner refugees began arrived on the Ocmulgee River around 1000 AD.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

1 Comment


    Richard, Very good point of view the comparison between the Australian sailors and the Tainos! The expedition of Antonio Núñez Jiménez ” In canoe from the Amazon to the Caribbean” and studies like The Bahamian Problem in Florida Archeology: Oceanographic Perspectives on the Issue of Pre-Columbian Contact, of Ryan Seidemann, demonstrate the marine knowledge of the taínos and the feasibility, from the point of view of the currents of the Gulf to sail from Cuba to the North American coasts. The quote from Cuban sources in these article is from the erudite Fernando Ortiz, about the comments of the American archaeologist Mark Harrington who also considered possible the passage of the Taino culture of the islands to the continent.
    Muy buen punto de vista la comparación entre los navegantes australianos y los taínos! La expedición de Antonio Núñez Jiménez “En canoa desde el Amazonas al Caribe” y estudios como The Bahamian Problem in Florida Archaeology: Oceanographic Perspectives on the Issue of Pre-Columbian Contact, de Ryan Seidemann, demuestran los conocimientos marinos de los taínos y la factibilidad desde el punto de vista de las corrientes del Golfo para navegar de Cuba a las costas norteamericanas. La cita que aparece de fuentes cubanas es del sabio Fernando Ortiz, sobre los comentarios del arqueólogo estadounidense Mark Harrington que también consideraba posible el paso de la cultura taína de las islas al continente.


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