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Current research: Indigenous-Norse trade in North America prior to Columbus

Current research:  Indigenous-Norse trade in North America prior to Columbus


Don Warden,  a history student a Oglethorpe University, did extensive research into the records and possible evidence of Norse contacts with Native Americans prior to the voyages of Christopher Columbus.  From its beginning in 2006, the People of One Fire has recognized the fact that Southeastern Native Americans were always “genetic Brunswick Stew,” not genetically isolated peoples, solely from Northeastern Siberia . . . so his studies are well within the realm of our research efforts.  Those of you interested in the role of Scandinavians in exploring the North Atlantic will certainly enjoy this paper. 

To access Don’s academic paper, go to:


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.




    My DNA shows some “Viking” strains. Now I know why. Keep up the excellent work!

    Best regards,

    Thomas “TBird” Worthy
    Kawita ( Creek ) Tribe


    I am familiar with a site in West Virginia in which a grave is marked by a ring of stones, just like the Vikings did. In fact, if I’m remembering correctly, several graves up there have the same markings.

    • Who knows, they could be? The Bronze Age Scandinavians also marked graves with stones to resemble a boat.


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