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Did Savannah begin 5,600 years ago as a port for the ships of Atlantis?

Did Savannah begin 5,600 years ago as a port for the ships of Atlantis?


At least, 2 man-made harbors, 4 earthen mounds and a 700 feet long shell mound adjoined the Bilbo Mound in Savannah.  Analysis of soil strata suggests that the Bilbo Mound began as a man-made island in a circular man-made port.  This is exactly the design of contemporary ports in Northwestern Europe, associated with the legend of Atlantis.


In November 2015,  People of One Fire readers were introduced to the Bilbo Mound in Savannah, GA.  It is the oldest known public architecture in North America, but is virtually unknown by both residents of Savannah and the archaeology profession as whole.  The reason is that when highly respected archaeologists Joseph Caldwell, William Haag and Antonio Waring excavated the mound,  none of their professional peers believed what they discovered.  Professional journals refused to publish their reports. Caldwell found pottery around Savannah that dated from around 2300 BC.  Haag, a Louisiana archaeologist, who later became internationally famous for his work at Poverty Point, was one of the earliest experts on radiocarbon dating.  He dated carbon particles, attached to artifacts at the lowest level of the Bilbo Mound to 3545 BC.  Haag was also a professional geologist.  He is a researcher, whose work can be trusted.

To read what we knew about the Bilbo Mound in late 2015, go to:   The Bilbo Mound

To read an updated account of the Bilbo Mound from 2009, which was provided by a POOF reader in 2016, go to:  The Bilbo Mound – 2009

At the time of the work by William Haag, fellow archaeologists refused to believe that the oldest pottery in North America was near Savannah and that the oldest architecture was also in Savannah.  The University of Georgia’s anthropology professors, all of whom were educated in the Northeast,  assigned a much younger date for the mound, c. 1800 BC, and that became orthodoxy.  You have to remember that this was during the height of disturbances associated with the Civil Rights Movement.  Many academicians around the United States illogically assumed that the ancestors of the Creek Indians were backward because they considered the descendants of the whites, who stole the Creeks’ land, to be backward.   Of course, this is poppycock, but such were the times. 

There is very important cultural information that none of the archaeologists considered.   Both Mikko Tamachichi and Paracusati (High King) Chikili told British officials in the new colony of Savannah that “the first city” built by the ancestors of the Creek Indians was located where Downtown Savannah now sits.  They also both stated that their first “emperor” was buried in an earthen mound southeast of Downtown Savannah.  It is now called the Indian King’s Mound.    Furthermore,  when Georgia was founded in 1733, the Creeks were still calling themselves Aparashi (Apalache) or Parashi (Palache).  These are Panoan words from Peru, which essentially mean “Sea People”  . . . the same term for the wandering maritime peoples, who brought down several Bronze Age civilizations.   These “Sea Peoples” seem to be the origin of the Atlantis Legend in Classic Greek literature.  Atlantis seems to have been an early Bronze Age city in western Europe or perhaps somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean.

The indigenous Guanche People of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean have consistently claimed that they were descended from survivors of Atlantis, after the city was destroyed.   What most people DON’T know is that in early times, the Guanche built stone pyramids and practiced human sacrifice to their sun god, by cutting out the hearts of victims.  The sacrificial altar used by the Guanche was virtually identical to that used by the Mexica (Aztecs).

In 2017,  People of One Fire has featured several articles, which proof a cultural connection between a Bronze Age civilization in southern Scandinavia and southwest Ireland, with the petroglyphs in North Georgia.   The Tugaloo Stone even portrays three ships, typical of Bronze Age Scandinavia.  So we are not in the realm of speculation or fantasy on this topic.   The glyph for the High King in Bronze Age Sweden became the glyph for the High King in Georgia and among the Mayas.

Computer model under construction

Since 2015,  I have been periodically studying William Haag’s and Antonio Waring’s reports on the Bilbo Mound, plus studying detailed topographic and soils maps.  I found Haag’s scaled site plan of the area around the five mounds and of the Bilbo Mound itself.

It is pretty obvious that ancient peoples dug two harbors off of the Savannah River at swampy estuaries. Who started the project is speculative, because there really is not known too much either in North America or Western Europe about what was going on in 3600 BC.  Whatever the case, this complex of harbors and mounds became a very important shrine and settlement for Native Americans, who evolved later into being today the Uchee, Creek, Seminole and Miccosukee Tribes.

I am currently creating a computerized virtual reality model of Savannah harbor and its environs, which will show Uchee and Creek descendants where their ancestors built mounds and harbors.  Later this year, I will be able to purchase the software necessary for converting this digital model into an animated film with canoes paddling, birds flying and people walking.  A new day is dawning for historic preservation efforts in Savannah.


One of the ships portrayed on the Tugaloo Stone from the headwaters of the Savannah River.


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Richard, The ancient sea peoples were sailing the Sea at least 60,000 years ago. Some of them were later called Indians by the white peoples of the world. I now believe that ancient Sea peoples came from 2 directions to this land mass: The Southern route by finding Antarctica (Whale hunters) and then over to South America, Asians peoples using the Aleutians islands that track to Alaska. Some of these people (“Black Irish”) intermarried and continued hunting Whales (Clovis stone age/Bronze age) over to Europe. The influx of Iron weapons peoples into Europe forced some back to this land mass over time.
    The cities of Atlantis, Sais (temple) Tarshish, all were build in a circular manner….and also perhaps the City that Paris is named after: “YS”, “IS”. The Aztecs / Mexica seems to have left from a ancient circular city which is called “the place of whiteness”? perhaps close to the smoky mountains covered with snow? In any case, there are 15th century maps that have the coastline of Antarctica (called “Pishon” in the Torah) well defined from Africa to South America. Thanks for Another Great article Richard.

    • Mark, there is so much history in this region that has been forgotten or never revealed. At this time, all I can do is raise the public’s awareness of what might be under the ground, Thank you for your support.


        You Sir, are the best scholar of the History that was left out of the books that we were taught from. The Native Elders were right on the point of crossing the Sea in boats and at one time many considered the Sun to be worshiped just like ancient Europeans and Egyptians…and what did the “factors that be” bring to Washington DC, a stone pillar just like Egypt?…a nail stone. I have to wonder if they know they have been deceived.


          We know the truth! I’m glad you are bringing it to light!


    Very very interesting!

    Finally …….archaeology can take its blinders off, use modern technology more, and allow itself the same intuitive insights that other social sciences thrive on.

    Thornton is brilliantly creating a new history for the PreColumbian Southeast.


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