Select Page

Did you notice that the Sami also wear gorgets?

Did you notice that the Sami also wear gorgets?


During the late 1700s and 1800s, the governments of Norway and Sweden did the same thing that the United States did to its indigenous peoples.  Government officials and soldiers marched into the lands of the Sami and told them that they did not own their homeland anymore.  They could no longer use their own language in a court room or for any official transactions.  Henceforth the Sami would be non-citizens, assigned to reservations . . . which could be relocated at the whim of the governments.   The Sami were repeatedly driven off their assigned reservations to make way for mining and timber companies. Russia, which then owned Finland, went a step further and made the Sami serfs, with no civil rights whatsoever.

The Sami were not allowed to have tribal governments as was the case in Canada and the United States.   In the 20th century reindeer husbandry cooperatives were created, but they are not really governments.  The Swedish and Finnish Sami now have parliaments, but the Swedish Sami Parliament has very limited powers.  Sweden did not recognize the Sami language as an official minority language until 2000.  Neither Norway or Sweden has ever acknowledged that they stole the land of the Sami without compensation.  The Sami were treated little better than the wild animals and reindeer that roamed Lapland.  At least Canada and the United States usually paid nominal funds for indigenous lands.  The Swedish Sami are currently demanding that Lapland be made an autonomous region with its capital in Kiruna. 


“Just Now . . . We will have a Sami Revolution!”  Northern Sami activist, Maxida Marak, announced on the Swedish equivalent of the Today TV program. The Sami are outraged at yet another give-away of Sami land to an international mining corporation at the same time that a Pakistani immigrant, with absolutely no qualifications in archaeology, architecture, ethnology or history was put in charge of their cultural heritage preservation program.

One of the unique cultural traits of the Uchee and Muskogean Peoples is the wearing of ornately carved, round gorgets.  The Arawaks of the islands, closest to the Southeastern United States did have less ornate gorgets, but elsewhere in the Americas, ornate, round gorgets are not significant traditions.

Ornate round gorgets were traditions in Bronze Age Scandinavia, Ireland and Scotland.  The tradition continues today among the Sami.  In fact, Sami women are now increasingly  wearing gorgets as a statement of ethnic pride.  The gorgets worn by Sami men are rectangular, but also contain ornate designs.

Until the late 1800s,  Sami gorgets were usually carved from walrus tusk ivory, sea shells or wood.   Now, they are made by Sami artisans from silver . . . sometimes pewter for men’s gorgets.    They have become priceless heirlooms, which are passed down from mothers to daughters.


What Bronze Age Scandinavians, Irish and Scots looked like

Only in the mountainous northern tip of Scandinavia does one find indigenous peoples, who carry most of the genes of their ancestors from  4,000 years ago.   They are called the Sjø  (Sea) and Berg (Mountain Sami) . . .  or collectively, the Northern Sami.  True Ciarregh or Dark Irish are much rarer . . . mainly living today in the most remote mountains of southwestern Ireland.

Any explorers or colonists from Sweden around 2,400 BC to 1200 BC would have looked something like Maxida Märak (pronounced Me-rak).  However, they would have had more Asiatic features such as pronounced cheek bones and epithelial eye folds. 

While backpacking between Kiruna, Sweden and Nordkap, Norway I did encounter some Sami, who looked like full-blooded Indigenous Americans, Siberians or Polynesians.  These full-bloods are very reticent and probably rarely seen by Scandinavians or tourists.  Both the Sjø  and Berg Sami spoke to me first in Sami, assuming that I was one of them.  Typically, wherever I worked or traveled in Scandinavia, the locals assumed that I was a Northern Sami.  In fact, I beat a traffic ticket from two over-zealous Landskrona cops for speeding in my bicycle on a four lane boulevard, by pretending to be a Northern Sami, who didn’t know Swedish, German or English.

And now for some humor

The police in Landskrona didn’t even carry firearms when I lived there, but they were mighty suspicious of people with nice tans and black hair back then . . . especially on bicycles.   They should have been delighted to have a mestizo gringo in their midst.  LOL   Beginning a decade later the city experienced a major influx of immigrants from Latin America and Indonesia, who have turned out to be a delightful addition to the city’s cultural life.   However, THEN the idiots in Stockholm let in a tidal wave of immigrants from the Middle East.  The Kurds came first and they have also been a positive addition to Sweden.  However, then immigrants from regions with extremist brands of Islam came in much larger numbers.  The Landskrona Police turned into a paramilitary organization almost overnight, so now . . .  one of the most popular hip-hop songs in Scandinavia is “Hela Landskrona Hatar Polisen”   =  All Landskrona hates the police.

In the mean time. an amusing cultural change has occurred.   Swedish men are getting into playing conga drums and bongos.  Swedish women are putting on Latin American costumes and trying to dance like we do in the Americas.  Well . . . most of them don’t quite get it.  The Swedes are a very intelligent, hard working, moral people . . . but being loose as a spruce goose is generally not one of their qualities.  Take a look . . .


The following two tabs change content below.
Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    colour range is interesting. My Scot-Irish gm would look at us mestizos & say we looked like “old-Irish” to our “huh” she would add, people before the Kelts (but back then everyone misspelled it as “celts” like the stone tools.

    • That is only partially true. Irish scientists and archeologists have determined in recent years that the population in Ireland today has little genetic connection with the true Kelts, who lived in the Alps, southern Germany and the Czech Republic. They theorize that the Keltic Culture was introduced by trade, not invasion. There was a horrific 20 year long flood around 2345 BC, which almost depopulated Ireland except in the western Mountains. This time period was exactly when the first pottery appeared in North America . . . in the State of Georgia. Ireland was subsequently repopulated by peoples from Britain and in the western counties by people with Iberian and Mediterranean DNA. There was another minor immigration into the island around 1200 BC then around 500-600 BC peoples from Britain or NW France, who knew how to make iron tools entered from the east and steadily pushed the dark haired, bronze skinned peoples westward into the mountains.


    Richard you great big beautiful bastard you!… You have WON!!!

    It’s clearly Michigan and Wisconsin copper that is appearing in Europe and beyond. Copper mining in England ceases in the EARLY bronze age… almost certainly due to the arrival of higher quality and cheaper products from abroad.

    This is the definitive article you must read. Notice the petroglyph boat carved at Copper Harbor Lake Superior. Perhaps they even were… let’s say… big people?

    Anyway there is absolutely no point in even debating this point anymore. This article will make your day… perhaps even your year.

    With that all too familiar boat of the size illustrated, they almost certainly traveled down the Great Lakes, but I wouldn’t discount the probability that they also shipped the WIsconsin and inland copper down the Mississippi to the Ohio and back up to the Tennessee river, and then across the Appalachian mountains through the passes and gaps, then down the Savannah and Pee Dee rivers to the Atlantic.

    Chiaha would have basically amounted to a toll gate on this commercial traffic. The deep gorge there would prevent anyone from passing around without paying up.

    From some nutter site lol!

    So the ancient trans Atlantic mariners where sailing with the warm warm Gulf Stream and the strong westerly winds directly at their back up the coast and out to the deep blue sea at the Hattera’s for the shortest possible short trip home to Ireland and Wales where they could smelt the ore with local tin and ship across Europe and beyond. They were true blue water sailors.

    As I said before… the Greenland ice cores record a change in wind direction from normal west to east conditions to directly coming from the south and heading DIRECTLY NORTH where the O18 rich snow was deposited on the Greenland ice cap around 1200 AD. This along with the very stormy weather conditions eventually prevented the ships from being able to travel directly across the ocean since square rigged ships don’t point well. Especially ones without good and deep KEELS.

    The copper trade and Superior/Wisconsin mining then stopped.

    I will show you all the particulars from academic literature in future posts if you would like to see the evidence. It is well beyond debate.

    In the meantime you may enjoy the tool below called nullschool. It tracks ALL ocean current speed, temperature, and direction in addition to wind speeds, temps at all elevations into the high stratosphere plus much much more. With it you can calculate travel times for these ships. Unlike the Spanish however who headed south first to the Canary Islands to return to Georgia, these Irish (that’s where the gold artifacts were) ocean travelers headed north east following the traditional sea peoples route from time immemorial that the the Vikings also used to Iceland and then Greenland.

    Then they could sail no further when the winds at Greenland came directly from the south around 1200 BC.

    Think about it and visualize it.

    Your ancestors Richard WERE Atlantis… the Greek historians of old were (and are still today) massive exaggerators lol!

    Enjoy your new toy to ALL POOF readers… and remember… where there’s smoke there’s there’s People of One Fire!,40.57,429


    Forgot to add these beauties…

    Also… The flint artifacts found at the Superior copper sites appear to match my Danish flint knives collection which stretchs back from the Kongemose, Ertobolle, TBK, Corded ware (and German Bell beaker culture). You may have as many samples as you wish if you can find someone in Michigan or Wisconsin to attempt a match. I have hundreds and all are fully documented from official excavations.

    Thanks for everything… we can clean the rest up next week lol!

    • That I don’t doubt at all. Deptford Corded Ware pottery in Savannah and Deptford flint knives (c. 1200 BC – 800 BC) are identical to Corded Beakerware and flint knives from the same period in Ireland.


        Crap this is getting way too easy…. Deptford territory actually ends right at the Hatteras.

        The entire Columbus myth is well past it’s ‘Best By’ date and someone needs to put it to rest. The Vatican had a bishop in Greenland at the Diocese of Gardar while the Vikings were bust traing and cutting wood further south for at least 4 decades as witnessed at L’Anse aux Meadows. One particular shipments to the Vatican as their tithe amount to 260 ivory walrus tusks, narwhal tusks, polar bear skins etc.

        It is simple UNBELIEVABLE that the bishop was unaware of lands and inhabitants they were doing business with which means that the world’s most powerful organization at the time was fully aware that there was a free land not under their control immediately to the south.

        I guess they just didn’t want any of their landless serfs and tax sheep back home to pick up and leave for abetter life without their baby Horus… oops,,, Jesus!,_Greenland



    Apologies for the misplacement of this posting to the wrong article but this will be worth it… think this was the one found in the gold mining belt 30 feet below ground if memory serves… Enjoy!

    It is just getting too easy these days when you are so damn right about everything. What would you like me to find next lol!


    Apologies… more specifically it was Dutch or German which is where the Jewish goldsmiths and bankers were predominantly from. Look at the legs and unusual feet. From same batch probably.


    You don’t need to post any of these Richard but they might be handy if you wish to put together the “Grand Unified Theory” of the South East some day.

    “The theory that metallurgy was imported into Europe from the Near East has been practically ruled out. A second hypothesis, that there were two main points of origin of metallurgy in Europe, in southern Spain and in West Bulgaria, is also doubtful due to the existence of sites outside the centers of diffusion where metallurgy was known simultaneously with, or before, those in the ‘original’ nuclei, such as Brixlegg (Tyrol, Austria), while sites closer to the supposed origins of metallurgy, such as in the north of Spain, show fewer metal artifacts than sites in the south and practically no evidence of production (Perez Arrondo 1986).

    Currently, the general opinion is that the development of metallurgy took place independently in different places, at different times, with various techniques. One fact that supports this interpretation is that, although the final products (beads, rings, sickles, swords, axes, etc.) are quite similar throughout Europe, the method of production is not. Thus the use of crucibles was the technique utilized in the south of Spain, whereas central Europe employed a slagging process, but Cabrierés (France) used a primitive oxidizing non-slagging process (Bourgarit, et al. 2003), **** while in the British Isles the absence of debris, slag or ceramic suggests another technique (Craddock 1995). ****”

    No slag from the British process during the copper age… Gee I wonder why? lol!

    You are a great writer Richard… why not just wrap it all up and then go on tour?


Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Subscribe to POOF via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 809 other subscribers

The Information World is changing!

People of One Fire needs your help to evolve with it.

We are now celebrating the 11th year of the People of One Fire. In that time, we have seen a radical change in the way people receive information. The magazine industry has almost died. Printed newspapers are on life support. Ezines, such as POOF, replaced printed books as the primary means to present new knowledge. Now the media is shifting to videos, animated films of ancient towns, Youtube and three dimensional holograph images.

During the past six years, a privately owned business has generously subsidized my research as I virtually traveled along the coast lines and rivers of the Southeast. That will end in December 2017. I desperately need to find a means to keep our research self-supporting with advertising from a broader range of viewers. Creation of animated architectural history films for POOF and a People of One Fire Youtube Channel appears to be the way. To do this I will need to acquire state-of-art software and video hardware, which I can not afford with my very limited income. Several of you know personally that I live a very modest lifestyle. If you can help with this endeavor, it will be greatly appreciated.

Support Us!

Richard Thornton . . . the truth is out there somewhere!

Pin It on Pinterest