DNA footnote – Chiska and Rickohockens also lived in Southwest Georgia
Anthropologist John Worth did considerable research into the Spanish and Carolina colonial archives while he was staff archaeologist at the Fernbank Museum in Atlanta. In his research into the Battle of the Flint River in 1702, he was able to determine the ethnicity of the allied Creek army, which devastated the Spanish and Apalachee Militia invaders. There was a considerable number of Chiska and some Westo (Rickohocken) warriors among the victorious Creek allies.
We still are not really sure who the Rickohockens were, but the Chiskas were clearly Panoans from Satipo Province, Peru. The Chiskas of both Peru and the Southeastern United States dressed identically, wore long hair and conical hats, plus were known as fierce warriors. It could well be that the Chiska first lived along the Lower Chattahoochee River and that the Chiska in Northeast Tennessee and Southwest Virginia were colonies of the mother province in Southwest Georgia and Southeast Alabama.
It is also possible that the Rickohockens were South Americans. They also wore long scraggly hair. Westo is the Anglicization of the Muskogee-Hitchiti adjective weste, which means “long scraggly hair.” The county in Southwestern Virginia, where we received so many DNA reports with 100% Peruvian DNA is located in what 17th century maps show as the Rickohocken Heartland.
The implications for DNA testing of Southeastern Muskogeans is profound. Unless a genetics lab uses DNA test markers for each of the many unique ethnic groups in Northeastern Mexico, Southern Mexico, Eastern Peru and Western Brazil, they will miss most of the Native American ancestry of Alabamas, Creeks, Seminoles and possibly even the Chickasaws.
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