Drawings and photos of Itza, Chontal and Tamauli Maya earthen mounds
It remains a mystery why North American archaeologists are not aware that several branches of the Mayas exclusively built earthen mounds along the Gulf Coast of Mexico, plus in the Chiapas Highlands of Mexico, Belize and Guatemala. They were identical to those built in the Lower Southeastern United States. In both regions, the mounds were stuccoed with brightly colored clays.
The Apalache of northern Georgia went a step further and applied decorative bands and patterns made of crushed gold-colored mica to some of their mounds and all of their temples. This architectural detail was the source of the legend of the cities of gold in the Southern Highlands. A “signature” of Apalache mounds in Northeast Georgia are that they are veneered with stone cobbles, just like two of the mounds, pictured below, from Tamaulipas.
The walls of their temples were constructed by stacking stones with red clay mortar. All that remains today are usually lines of collapsed stone walls. Portions of stone building walls still stand at the Sandy Creek and Track Rock Terrace Complexes.
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