Footnote: William Bartram listed no Cherokee villages in Georgia
William Bartram’s book provides a list of all 43 villages of the Cherokee Nation in 1776. None were in Georgia. He described Echoe as being just north of the Georgia-North Carolina state line and the most southerly of the Middle Cherokee towns. He said that a few miles farther south were many stacks of rocks. He assumed that they were the graves of Cherokees killed in the Battle of Itsate Pass, but these may have actually been cairns from an much earlier era. In another part of his book, he stated that before the First Anglo-Cherokee War, Chote and Satico had been located on the headwaters of the Flint (Chattahoochee River) but that the towns had never been reoccupied after the war.
The village of Tugaloo was at that time located on the east (South Carolina) side of the Tugaloo River. He said that at most, there were only about 100 Cherokee warriors in all of South Carolina. Most of the Lower Cherokees, presumably those in Georgia also, had moved to the North Carolina Mountains after the First Anglo-Cherokee War.
Bartram spent the night at a farmstead in what is now Dillard, GA. The man was white, while his wife was “light-skinned” mixed blood Cherokee. There was no Cherokee village in the Dillard Valley. About 12 miles farther south was the northern border of the Creek Nation. The Creek town of Cusseta was on the border between the Cherokee and Creek territories.
Bartram also remarked that the Creek Country was much more densely populated than the Cherokee Country. While at this time, there were perhaps 400-500 Cherokees in all of South Carolina, one Uchee-Creek town alone on the Chattahoochee River had over 2,000 residents.
Meanwhile, the new Georgia State History textbook has 4 1/2 chapters on the Cherokees and 1/2 chapter on the Creeks . . . but that section mainly deals with the founding of Savannah. Three of the Cherokee chapters tell the history of the Cherokees in Tennessee and North Carolina.
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