From Armenia with Love, the Cherokee Connection
There is a bunch of OMG moments in this long one!
During the last four months of the Maya Year of Revelations, several books and a long report in Access Genealogy will be published that permanently bury a lie created by the British Crown on the eve of the American Revolution. That lie stated that the interior of the Southern Colonies was never settled by peoples from across the Atlantic and had been always occupied by an indigenous tribe, called the Cherokees, which was actually created by the British Crown at the beginning of the 18th century. This tribe was now a vassal of King George III and therefore Great Britain had the right to claim all of North America westward to the Mississippi River. See: Appalachian Colonists from the Mediterranean Basin
Interpretation of many 17th century Native American archeological sites within the Southeast’s interior will have to change after these eyewitness accounts by English, French, Dutch and Spanish traders are published. Currently, all of these sites have been labeled Cherokee, even though about 85% of the Native American place names in the Southern Highlands are either Muskogean or Maya words.
There is a 1693 English map and a 1701 French map that shows western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee and northern Georgia occupied by a mixture of Muskogeans, Shawnees and Yuchi. In 1693 the Creek towns of Apalache and Itsate occupied the Nacoochee Valley 0f Georgia. In 1725, they were the Cherokee towns of Noguchee and Chote.
Entire towns and provinces were depopulated by Native American slave raids between 1665 and 1705. The ethnic pattern of the Southeast’s interior was radically altered between 1693 and 1725. During this period, several traumatic wars were fought. They were the Queen Anne’s War (1702-1711), the Tuscarora War (1711-1715), the Yamasee War (1715-1717) and first phase of the Creek-Cherokee War (1715-1725). Well, except that the word, Cherokee Indian, didn’t exist until around 1717, and the word, Creek Indian would not appear for another 20 years.
In 1755 Great Britain chose to make the year 1725 its reference point for all the past. The year 1725 was when Colonel George Chicken persuaded 14 independent bands of Natives in North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee Highlands to elect a “king” and sign a treaty with Great Britain as a single tribe.
This edition of Brainfood focuses on the narrow question of whether refugees from the Middle East settled in the Southeast’s interior prior to 1725. Full discussion of the Southern Appalachian’s history and multiple references will be found in the forthcoming Access Genealogy article. Let it suffice to say that John Mitchells’ Map of North America stated that ENGLISH settlement of the region began no later than 1650. The newly analyzed 16th and 17th century books that have been collecting dust in Ivy League libraries prove that French, Sephardic, Moorish, African and Spanish colonization began at least 85 years earlier. English, French, Dutch and Spanish archives collaborate each other’s observations.
The evidence we have accumulated strongly suggests that many of the ancestors of the Cherokees were Christians or Jews from eastern Anatolia and Iberia, but there were definitely some Muslims. There were small colonies of Sephardic Jewish miners and goldsmiths scattered about the North Carolina Mountains throughout the 1600s. On the other hand, the horse of a Cherokee leader in NE Georgia during the 1770s was named Al Baraq. That means “lightning” in Arabic and was the name of the horse that supposedly carried Mohammed from Jerusalem to heaven. The Georgia Cherokees had an Arabic name for their band and spoke a language that mixed Turkish, Spanish, Hebrew, Arabic, Creek, Dutch and Algonquin words. Yes, President Barrack Obama’s first name means “Lightning.”
We also now have French and English eyewitness accounts of an aggressive, nomadic tribe that the Apalache Creeks of northern Georgia called the Kofitasite, and the Spanish called the Chichimecs. They entered the North Carolina Mountains from the west in the late 17h century. The tribal name means “Offspring of mixed people” in English. Prior to that time the Kofitasite had wandered across the Southeast’s interior. This tribe had no formal religion, but was guided by conjurers, who communicated with demon spirits named Mabouya that dwelt in the sacred fires of their council houses. This description is very close to the first descriptions of the Cherokees in the early 1700s.
Mystery of the Cherokee Syllabary
The Cherokee Syllabary in use today was not created by Sequoya. According to the Kituwah Cherokee historian, Traveller Bird, Sequoya never even saw the current one. Again, according to Bird, Sequoya had relocated to Arkansas at least two years before the Rev. Samuel Worcester and Cherokee Phoenix Editor, Elias Boudinot, changed the syllabary to look more like the Roman alphabet. Sequoya was angered when he heard about this change, but was not in a position to do anything about it.
Boudinot did not arrive in the Cherokee Nation until 1827. In the February 1828 edition of the Phoenix, Boudinot lied by stating that Sequoya had created the symbols presented by the newspaper in one month. It took Sequoya years to polish up his writing system, which used different symbols than what Boudinot printed.
I first learned this dirty little secret while acting president of the Georgia Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association. It puzzled me why so many scholars with PhD’s attached to their name, consistently wrote that Sequoya created the current system. When I asked around the Cherokee world about this discrepancy, I was greeted with the same paranoid horror that one might receives when asking about a great-great aunt, who joined the Communist Party after World War I. Hm-m-m . . . there must be more to this story.
What also puzzled me was that Sequoya’s original system was NOT the random scribbling of some ignorant savage, but a sophisticated graphics system by an obviously intelligent man that seemed Middle Eastern in origin. At the time I did some research and found that most of Sequoya’s letters were identical to a Late Medieval Cyrillic scripts used in Eastern Anatolia, the Kingdom of Georgia and Armenia. The letters seemed to be taken from all three alphabets, or perhaps they were from a fourth unknown alphabet that blended the three.
Faith Based History
There is currently a well funded Islamic proselytization program being targeted at the Latin Americans and Native Americans in the United States and Canada. It is modeled after programs that targeted African Americans in previous decades. The effort is anchored in an Islamic version of American history that is inundating the internet and magazine industry, plus being targeted at individuals. Few people seem willing to challenge these statements for fear of seeming politically incorrect or intolerant.
I would not mention them it at all except I have noticed that the idiots in the national media are beginning to quote these statements as historical facts just because they are flooding the internet. The heavily bankrolled Islamic foundations are also forcing changes in textbooks that replicate this false history of Native Americans. Curriculum guides are being mass-mailed to millions of teachers.
One of the recent revelations to come out of that hotbed of intellectualism, the Middle East Think Tank, is that the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Alabamas, Seminoles and Miccosukee’s have been Muslims since around 900 AD. This is stated as fact in all Islamic histories now. I am being inundated with unsolicited emails, one of them, 28 pages long filled with Arabic quotes from Quaran, trying to persuade me to that particular interpretation of history. What they are doing is making long lists of speculations without a clue about the cultural history of the Southeastern Indians. Once the speculation has been copied and pasted onto another internet blog, it becomes a fact.
The consistent number one proof that the Creeks are really Muslims is that they traditionally wore turbans. That is stated as a fact by the Islamic American history guide now being distributed to millions of teachers around the United States. There is no evidence of an Islamic influence on the Muskogean peoples of the Southeast. Mesoamericans were wearing turbans at least 1000 years before Islam existed. Turbans began appearing on Muskogean statuary about the same time that corn and beans arrived from Mesoamerica.
Islamic Native American history states that Sheik Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad converted the Muskogeans to Islam around 900 AD and that the mounds in the Southeast are ruins of mosques destroyed by European Christians. That caca de toro is presented as a fact proven by American archaeologists. The names of the archaeologists are not listed, but one must have faith! The English also clandestinely changed the names of Seminole and Creek tribes & leaders to conceal their true Arabic form. Thus, the Muskogee Indians were really named the Mosque Indians. The real name of the famous Seminole leader, Micocanopee was, Mekka-nabi, which means “Prophet of Mecca” . . . and so on.
Another proof of this revelation is that the Seminole and Creek Confederate regiments in the Civil War had Crescent and Star motifs on their battle flags. It turned out that the Confederate Army of the West originally had a Crescent and Star on its battle flag, so the Native American regiments in this army copied the symbol to show which side they were fighting on. That flag was inspired by the Great Seal of the ancient Islamic city of New Orleans. Several Union regiments were also cryptic Muslims because their battle flags portrayed Crescents and Stars.
The Crescent and Star research, though, revealed an amazing fact hidden from your children’s textbooks. In the Sixth Century AD, Emperor Justinian I reorganized the Eastern Roman Empire’s army to make it faster and more flexible. Hot leather and steal armor was replaced by chain mail. Heavy Roman Eagle standards were replaced by flags. The crescent had been an endemic religious symbol in the Middle East since the beginning of civilization, associated with the various moon gods. Justinian added the Star of Bethlehem to symbolize that Jesus Christ was the Messiah to the Middle East. The flag had a red background. The cross really did not become a common symbol of Christianity until the Crusades. The crusaders under Duke Phillipe of Anjou actually carried shields with Crescent and Star motifs.
When Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1454, he wanted to make a statement to the world that the Ottoman Empire was the legitimate heir of the Eastern Roman Empire. He adopted the Constantinople battle flag by changing the red background to green. The new version flag was not used that much until the repeated invasions of Europe, Armenia and Georgia by the Turks in the 1500s.
The Ottoman Holy Wars
Spain is justifiably despised by Protestants, Jews and Muslims for the horrors of the Inquisition. However, the atrocities committed by Islamic armies from Turkey and northern Africa during the 1500s and 1600s dwarf the sins of the Spanish Inquisition. For about 250 years the Turks tried to capture all territory occupied by Christians in eastern Anatolia, Georgia, Armenia, the Balkans and southern Europe in order to fulfill the prophecy of their Prophet. Their primary target was Rome and the Vatican.
Muslim slaver raiders constantly attacked the coasts of Europe for slaves. For awhile the coast of Portugal was almost uninhabited because of these raids. The Muslim raiders also regularly seized large numbers of slaves in Sub-Saharan Africa. Muslim slave traders introduced black slavery to greedy Portuguese merchants. Muslim slave traders continued to operate in Black Africa for almost a century after the slave trade was banned by Great Britain.
A little publicized fact is that in 1600, over a third of the Ottoman Empire’s population was composed of Christians. This was a thorn in the side of Muslim religious leaders because over 800 years had passed since Arab armies swarmed out of Arabia to convert the world, yet the eastern third of modern day Turkey was still Christian. All of the Caucasus was still Christian and Europe seemed to be getting stronger rather than weaker. The Ottoman Empire attacked in all directions in a holy war. It was thought that if all the Christian nations were enslaved, the remaining Christians in the Middle East would lose hope and submit to Islam, then the prophecies of Mohammed would be fulfilled.
At least 3 million Christian and Zoroastrian civilians died during the Turkish invasions in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, while at least another 2 ½ million were made slaves. Christian military casualties probably exceeded a million, maybe over 2 million. In just one Armenian province, a Turkish general killed over 250,000 Christian civilians several weeks after occupying their undefended lands . In the province around Mount Ararat, a Persian Islamic army evicted over 300,000 Christians from their lands because Mount Ararat was mentioned in the Quran. Most of those banished died of starvation. The remainder wandered the Mediterranean Basin. These figures become important in the next section. Some of those refugees came to North America.
During the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683, 44% of the population of Vienna was killed, while southern and eastern Austria endured an Islamic ethnic cleansing. The landscape afterward was virtually uninhabited. Another 30,000 Austrian civilians, who had been taken captive, were executed in mass after the Turks were defeated.
Spain responded to the atrocities against Christians in Eastern Europe, the eastern Mediterranean Basin and eastern Anatolia by expelling Jews and Moslems. Somewhere in the range of 500,000 – 700,000 Jews and Muslims were expelled from Spain. A disproportionate percentage of settlers in the Spanish colonies were members of families who were forcibly converted to Catholicism. Protestants were not given those options. They were just burned.
Most of the galley slaves in the Spanish navy were prisoners of war captured in the battles against the Ottoman Empire and against the Protestants in France and the Netherlands. Middle Eastern Christian galley slaves were put to work on Spanish galleys unless they were Roman Catholics or converted to Catholicism. As usual, Jews were burned. So the Spanish galley slaves were a mixture of Protestant Christian, Eastern Christian and Muslim prisoners.
Most of the galley slaves in the Turkish navy were Christians from lands they had conquered. Also, a high percentage of the infantry in the Turkish army were Christians. The Turkish leaders figured that whether they won or lost a battle, Christians would die. It was part of their policy of ethnic cleansing. These Eastern Christian soldiers and sailors were often treated by Catholic armies as infidels like the Muslims.
Islam had never really had a “symbol” or special flag until the invasions of Europe began during the late 1300s. The Crescent and Star flags led the armies of the Prophet to one victory after another, until the Turkish fleet was crushed in the Battle of Lepanto (1571). Turkey continued to expand its territory after this loss, however. There was almost continuous warfare between Turkey and its Christian neighbors throughout 1500s and 1600s, as Turkey attempted to conquer one land, then another.
During this period, the tidewater mark of Islam, Muslim provinces and nations around the Mediterranean Basin adopted the Crescent and Star as their symbol. Crescent and Star motifs were placed on flags and on top of the domes of mosques. Now it is on the flags of many predominantly Muslim countries. No one seems to realize that the symbol was Christian in origin and meant that “Jesus Christ is the Messiah to the Middle East.” The Master of Life does have a sense of humor.
And now for the rest of the story:
The Anatolian Connection
There is irrefutable linguistic, genetic and eyewitness evidence that links a substantial portion of the Cherokee Indians’ cultural heritage to the Middle East and Sephardim of Spain during the Early Colonial Period. The evidence was always there. The primary reason that this evidence is not a part of our mainstream history is that Great Britain claimed all of North America, north of Mexico, in the 1700s. The presence of Spanish and French subjects in the Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia Mountains throughout the 1600s would tend to diminish Britannia’s land claim.
The fact that there was a band of Muslim Moors,Turks and Arabs in northeast Georgia in the 1760s would . . . Well, we don’t even want to go there. We’ll just call them Cherokees and attempt to belittle anyone who asks too many questions like Maya Myth Busting in the Mountains archaeologists do.
Linguistics: The strongest evidence of Middle Eastern colonization in the Appalachians is linguistics. The influence of Anatolian on the modern day Cherokee language is about the same as Totonac and Itza Maya on contemporary Creek languages.
While researching the heritage of the Melungeons, Dr. Brent Kennedy discovered that at least 63 common Cherokee words that meant the same and were pronounced the same in Turkish. Several of the most important Cherokee leaders during the first half of the 18th century, such as Attakullakulla had Turkish names that have no meaning in either Cherokee or Creek. All of the words associated with female relationships such as sister, mother, grandmother, female cousin, etc. are also Turkish words. All of the words associated with Eurasian livestock (except pigs) are Turkish words.
After Kennedy was given a trip to do research in Turkey by the Turkish government, he went overboard with his attempts to link Turkish words with Southeastern Native American words. He started doing the same thing that the Islamic experts on Southeastern Indians are doing; taking Anglicized Native American place names and matching them with words associated with Islamic nations. At this point, he lost a lot of credibility with historians and Native Americans. Laymen didn’t know the difference.
Kennedy’s thesis was that Turkish Muslim refugees settled in the Appalachians during the 1600s and ultimately became the ancestors of both Melungeons and Cherokees. Since no evidence of mosques has been found in the Southeast, Kennedy assumed that these Muslims converted to either Judaism or Christianity. This got him into big trouble with Muslim religious leaders and Al Quaida. Conversion from Islam to another religion is a capital crime in many predominantly Muslim nations. Brent confided with me on the phone in the fall of 2005 that he had received several death threats from foreigners because he had committed “an insult against Islam.” He almost died of a stroke in December of 2005 after speaking at a commemorative dinner for a friend. He remains physically incapacitated to this day.
Eastern Anatolia: As stated earlier in this article, the apparent birthplace of the original Sequoya syllabary always bothered me. Earlier this year I started doing more in-depth research into the history of the region around Anatolia. This was precipitated by an eyewitness account of a brick church with a bell tower by English explorers James Needham and Gabriel Arthur in 1673. The location of this church was a town built of brick in . . . would you believe . . . northeastern Tennessee. The descriptions of the church’s architecture, giant bell and religious services were intriguing. It seemed to be a Georgian or Armenian Orthodox Church.
Eastern Anatolia remained a separate Christian kingdom until Turkey began its holy wars for Islam. The inhabitants are labeled Armenians, but they are genetically different. They are descended from a Heinz 57 mix of Hittites, Celts, Jews, Greeks, Romans, Georgians, Turks, Mongols and Egyptians, who have migrated to the region through the centuries. As a matter of fact, their ethnic mixture is identical to the DNA profiles that DNA Consultants, Inc. is obtaining from card-carrying Cherokees on the North Carolina Reservation. The language spoken by the few surviving Christian Anatolians is far more similar to modern Cherokee than the standard Turkish that Brent Kennedy studies. Al Quaida did have get all upset after all. These subjects of the Ottoman Empire didn’t commit an insult against Islam. They were Christians to start with.
At several time spans in the Middle Ages, Christian Anatolia was repeatedly ravaged by Byzantine Christian armies and Sejuk Turk Muslim armies. During the late Medieval Period through the early 1500s, Christian Anatolia was ruled by a royal family from the Kingdom of Georgia. At that time, its culture became a blend of Anatolian and Georgian traditions. That blend included its writing system . . . h-m-m-m. Hundreds of thousands of these Christian Anatolians were butchered or enslaved during the 1500s and early 1600s. They would have composed a major percentage of the Turkish galley slaves and infantry in the wars against the Holy League. They would have been highly inclined to willingly become prisoners of the Spanish.
During the Middle Ages, the capital of Christian Anatolia was the beautiful city of Ani. With 200,000 residents, Ani was then one of the largest cities in the world. It was built entirely out of brick and known as “the City of Churches” because of its many bell towers. These giant bells called people to pray three times a day like the brick town in northeastern Tennessee.
Today, the great city of Ani is in ruins. Its name survives in Muslim Turkish as a colloquial word for “the boonies.” However, among Christian Anatolians, ani now means “nation, province or tribe.” What a minute! “Ani” in the Cherokee language means “nation, tribe or clan.”
OH MY GOSH!
Elementary my dear Watson!
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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.
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