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From Armenia with Love, the Cherokee Connection

There is a bunch of OMG moments in this long one!

During the last four months of the Maya Year of Revelations, several books and a long report in Access Genealogy will be published that permanently bury a lie created by the British Crown on the eve of the American Revolution. That lie stated that the interior of the Southern Colonies was never settled by peoples from across the Atlantic and had been always occupied by an indigenous tribe, called the Cherokees, which was actually created by the British Crown at the beginning of the 18th century. This tribe was now a vassal of King George III and therefore Great Britain had the right to claim all of North America westward to the Mississippi River. See: Appalachian Colonists from the Mediterranean Basin

Interpretation of many 17th century Native American archeological sites within the Southeast’s interior will have to change after these eyewitness accounts by English, French, Dutch and Spanish traders are published. Currently, all of these sites have been labeled Cherokee, even though about 85% of the Native American place names in the Southern Highlands are either Muskogean or Maya words.

There is a 1693 English map and a 1701 French map that shows western North Carolina, eastern Tennessee and northern Georgia occupied by a mixture of Muskogeans, Shawnees and Yuchi. In 1693 the Creek towns of Apalache and Itsate occupied the Nacoochee Valley 0f Georgia. In 1725, they were the Cherokee towns of Noguchee and Chote.

Entire towns and provinces were depopulated by Native American slave raids between 1665 and 1705. The ethnic pattern of the Southeast’s interior was radically altered between 1693 and 1725. During this period, several traumatic wars were fought. They were the Queen Anne’s War (1702-1711), the Tuscarora War (1711-1715), the Yamasee War (1715-1717) and first phase of the Creek-Cherokee War (1715-1725). Well, except that the word, Cherokee Indian, didn’t exist until around 1717, and the word, Creek Indian would not appear for another 20 years.

In 1755 Great Britain chose to make the year 1725 its reference point for all the past. The year 1725 was when Colonel George Chicken persuaded 14 independent bands of Natives in North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee Highlands to elect a “king” and sign a treaty with Great Britain as a single tribe.

This edition of Brainfood focuses on the narrow question of whether refugees from the Middle East settled in the Southeast’s interior prior to 1725. Full discussion of the Southern Appalachian’s history and multiple references will be found in the forthcoming Access Genealogy article. Let it suffice to say that John Mitchells’ Map of North America stated that ENGLISH settlement of the region began no later than 1650. The newly analyzed 16th and 17th century books that have been collecting dust in Ivy League libraries prove that French, Sephardic, Moorish, African and Spanish colonization began at least 85 years earlier. English, French, Dutch and Spanish archives collaborate each other’s observations.

The evidence we have accumulated strongly suggests that many of the ancestors of the Cherokees were Christians or Jews from eastern Anatolia and Iberia, but there were definitely some Muslims. There were small colonies of Sephardic Jewish miners and goldsmiths scattered about the North Carolina Mountains throughout the 1600s. On the other hand, the horse of a Cherokee leader in NE Georgia during the 1770s was named Al Baraq. That means “lightning” in Arabic and was the name of the horse that supposedly carried Mohammed from Jerusalem to heaven. The Georgia Cherokees had an Arabic name for their band and spoke a language that mixed Turkish, Spanish, Hebrew, Arabic, Creek, Dutch and Algonquin words. Yes, President Barrack Obama’s first name means “Lightning.”

We also now have French and English eyewitness accounts of an aggressive, nomadic tribe that the Apalache Creeks of northern Georgia called the Kofitasite, and the Spanish called the Chichimecs. They entered the North Carolina Mountains from the west in the late 17h century. The tribal name means “Offspring of mixed people” in English. Prior to that time the Kofitasite had wandered across the Southeast’s interior. This tribe had no formal religion, but was guided by conjurers, who communicated with demon spirits named Mabouya that dwelt in the sacred fires of their council houses. This description is very close to the first descriptions of the Cherokees in the early 1700s.

Mystery of the Cherokee Syllabary

The Cherokee Syllabary in use today was not created by Sequoya. According to the Kituwah Cherokee historian, Traveller Bird, Sequoya never even saw the current one. Again, according to Bird, Sequoya had relocated to Arkansas at least two years before the Rev. Samuel Worcester and Cherokee Phoenix Editor, Elias Boudinot, changed the syllabary to look more like the Roman alphabet. Sequoya was angered when he heard about this change, but was not in a position to do anything about it.

Boudinot did not arrive in the Cherokee Nation until 1827. In the February 1828 edition of the Phoenix, Boudinot lied by stating that Sequoya had created the symbols presented by the newspaper in one month. It took Sequoya years to polish up his writing system, which used different symbols than what Boudinot printed.

I first learned this dirty little secret while acting president of the Georgia Chapter of the Trail of Tears Association. It puzzled me why so many scholars with PhD’s attached to their name, consistently wrote that Sequoya created the current system. When I asked around the Cherokee world about this discrepancy, I was greeted with the same paranoid horror that one might receives when asking about a great-great aunt, who joined the Communist Party after World War I. Hm-m-m . . . there must be more to this story.

What also puzzled me was that Sequoya’s original system was NOT the random scribbling of some ignorant savage, but a sophisticated graphics system by an obviously intelligent man that seemed Middle Eastern in origin. At the time I did some research and found that most of Sequoya’s letters were identical to a Late Medieval Cyrillic scripts used in Eastern Anatolia, the Kingdom of Georgia and Armenia. The letters seemed to be taken from all three alphabets, or perhaps they were from a fourth unknown alphabet that blended the three.

Faith Based History

There is currently a well funded Islamic proselytization program being targeted at the Latin Americans and Native Americans in the United States and Canada. It is modeled after programs that targeted African Americans in previous decades. The effort is anchored in an Islamic version of American history that is inundating the internet and magazine industry, plus being targeted at individuals. Few people seem willing to challenge these statements for fear of seeming politically incorrect or intolerant.

I would not mention them it at all except I have noticed that the idiots in the national media are beginning to quote these statements as historical facts just because they are flooding the internet. The heavily bankrolled Islamic foundations are also forcing changes in textbooks that replicate this false history of Native Americans. Curriculum guides are being mass-mailed to millions of teachers.

One of the recent revelations to come out of that hotbed of intellectualism, the Middle East Think Tank, is that the Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Alabamas, Seminoles and Miccosukee’s have been Muslims since around 900 AD. This is stated as fact in all Islamic histories now. I am being inundated with unsolicited emails, one of them, 28 pages long filled with Arabic quotes from Quaran, trying to persuade me to that particular interpretation of history. What they are doing is making long lists of speculations without a clue about the cultural history of the Southeastern Indians. Once the speculation has been copied and pasted onto another internet blog, it becomes a fact.

The consistent number one proof that the Creeks are really Muslims is that they traditionally wore turbans. That is stated as a fact by the Islamic American history guide now being distributed to millions of teachers around the United States. There is no evidence of an Islamic influence on the Muskogean peoples of the Southeast. Mesoamericans were wearing turbans at least 1000 years before Islam existed. Turbans began appearing on Muskogean statuary about the same time that corn and beans arrived from Mesoamerica.

Islamic Native American history states that Sheik Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad converted the Muskogeans to Islam around 900 AD and that the mounds in the Southeast are ruins of mosques destroyed by European Christians. That caca de toro is presented as a fact proven by American archaeologists. The names of the archaeologists are not listed, but one must have faith! The English also clandestinely changed the names of Seminole and Creek tribes & leaders to conceal their true Arabic form. Thus, the Muskogee Indians were really named the Mosque Indians. The real name of the famous Seminole leader, Micocanopee was, Mekka-nabi, which means “Prophet of Mecca” . . . and so on.

Another proof of this revelation is that the Seminole and Creek Confederate regiments in the Civil War had Crescent and Star motifs on their battle flags. It turned out that the Confederate Army of the West originally had a Crescent and Star on its battle flag, so the Native American regiments in this army copied the symbol to show which side they were fighting on. That flag was inspired by the Great Seal of the ancient Islamic city of New Orleans. Several Union regiments were also cryptic Muslims because their battle flags portrayed Crescents and Stars.

The Crescent and Star research, though, revealed an amazing fact hidden from your children’s textbooks. In the Sixth Century AD, Emperor Justinian I reorganized the Eastern Roman Empire’s army to make it faster and more flexible. Hot leather and steal armor was replaced by chain mail. Heavy Roman Eagle standards were replaced by flags. The crescent had been an endemic religious symbol in the Middle East since the beginning of civilization, associated with the various moon gods. Justinian added the Star of Bethlehem to symbolize that Jesus Christ was the Messiah to the Middle East. The flag had a red background. The cross really did not become a common symbol of Christianity until the Crusades. The crusaders under Duke Phillipe of Anjou actually carried shields with Crescent and Star motifs.

When Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1454, he wanted to make a statement to the world that the Ottoman Empire was the legitimate heir of the Eastern Roman Empire. He adopted the Constantinople battle flag by changing the red background to green. The new version flag was not used that much until the repeated invasions of Europe, Armenia and Georgia by the Turks in the 1500s.

The Ottoman Holy Wars

Spain is justifiably despised by Protestants, Jews and Muslims for the horrors of the Inquisition. However, the atrocities committed by Islamic armies from Turkey and northern Africa during the 1500s and 1600s dwarf the sins of the Spanish Inquisition. For about 250 years the Turks tried to capture all territory occupied by Christians in eastern Anatolia, Georgia, Armenia, the Balkans and southern Europe in order to fulfill the prophecy of their Prophet. Their primary target was Rome and the Vatican.

Muslim slaver raiders constantly attacked the coasts of Europe for slaves. For awhile the coast of Portugal was almost uninhabited because of these raids. The Muslim raiders also regularly seized large numbers of slaves in Sub-Saharan Africa. Muslim slave traders introduced black slavery to greedy Portuguese merchants. Muslim slave traders continued to operate in Black Africa for almost a century after the slave trade was banned by Great Britain.

A little publicized fact is that in 1600, over a third of the Ottoman Empire’s population was composed of Christians. This was a thorn in the side of Muslim religious leaders because over 800 years had passed since Arab armies swarmed out of Arabia to convert the world, yet the eastern third of modern day Turkey was still Christian. All of the Caucasus was still Christian and Europe seemed to be getting stronger rather than weaker. The Ottoman Empire attacked in all directions in a holy war. It was thought that if all the Christian nations were enslaved, the remaining Christians in the Middle East would lose hope and submit to Islam, then the prophecies of Mohammed would be fulfilled.

At least 3 million Christian and Zoroastrian civilians died during the Turkish invasions in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, while at least another 2 ½ million were made slaves. Christian military casualties probably exceeded a million, maybe over 2 million. In just one Armenian province, a Turkish general killed over 250,000 Christian civilians several weeks after occupying their undefended lands . In the province around Mount Ararat, a Persian Islamic army evicted over 300,000 Christians from their lands because Mount Ararat was mentioned in the Quran. Most of those banished died of starvation. The remainder wandered the Mediterranean Basin. These figures become important in the next section. Some of those refugees came to North America.

During the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683, 44% of the population of Vienna was killed, while southern and eastern Austria endured an Islamic ethnic cleansing. The landscape afterward was virtually uninhabited. Another 30,000 Austrian civilians, who had been taken captive, were executed in mass after the Turks were defeated.

Spain responded to the atrocities against Christians in Eastern Europe, the eastern Mediterranean Basin and eastern Anatolia by expelling Jews and Moslems. Somewhere in the range of 500,000 – 700,000 Jews and Muslims were expelled from Spain. A disproportionate percentage of settlers in the Spanish colonies were members of families who were forcibly converted to Catholicism. Protestants were not given those options. They were just burned.

Most of the galley slaves in the Spanish navy were prisoners of war captured in the battles against the Ottoman Empire and against the Protestants in France and the Netherlands. Middle Eastern Christian galley slaves were put to work on Spanish galleys unless they were Roman Catholics or converted to Catholicism. As usual, Jews were burned. So the Spanish galley slaves were a mixture of Protestant Christian, Eastern Christian and Muslim prisoners.

Most of the galley slaves in the Turkish navy were Christians from lands they had conquered. Also, a high percentage of the infantry in the Turkish army were Christians. The Turkish leaders figured that whether they won or lost a battle, Christians would die. It was part of their policy of ethnic cleansing. These Eastern Christian soldiers and sailors were often treated by Catholic armies as infidels like the Muslims.

Islam had never really had a “symbol” or special flag until the invasions of Europe began during the late 1300s. The Crescent and Star flags led the armies of the Prophet to one victory after another, until the Turkish fleet was crushed in the Battle of Lepanto (1571). Turkey continued to expand its territory after this loss, however. There was almost continuous warfare between Turkey and its Christian neighbors throughout 1500s and 1600s, as Turkey attempted to conquer one land, then another.

During this period, the tidewater mark of Islam, Muslim provinces and nations around the Mediterranean Basin adopted the Crescent and Star as their symbol. Crescent and Star motifs were placed on flags and on top of the domes of mosques. Now it is on the flags of many predominantly Muslim countries. No one seems to realize that the symbol was Christian in origin and meant that “Jesus Christ is the Messiah to the Middle East.” The Master of Life does have a sense of humor.

And now for the rest of the story:

The Anatolian Connection

There is irrefutable linguistic, genetic and eyewitness evidence that links a substantial portion of the Cherokee Indians’ cultural heritage to the Middle East and Sephardim of Spain during the Early Colonial Period. The evidence was always there. The primary reason that this evidence is not a part of our mainstream history is that Great Britain claimed all of North America, north of Mexico, in the 1700s. The presence of Spanish and French subjects in the Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia Mountains throughout the 1600s would tend to diminish Britannia’s land claim.

The fact that there was a band of Muslim Moors,Turks and Arabs in northeast Georgia in the 1760s would . . . Well, we don’t even want to go there. We’ll just call them Cherokees and attempt to belittle anyone who asks too many questions like Maya Myth Busting in the Mountains archaeologists do.

Linguistics: The strongest evidence of Middle Eastern colonization in the Appalachians is linguistics. The influence of Anatolian on the modern day Cherokee language is about the same as Totonac and Itza Maya on contemporary Creek languages.

While researching the heritage of the Melungeons, Dr. Brent Kennedy discovered that at least 63 common Cherokee words that meant the same and were pronounced the same in Turkish. Several of the most important Cherokee leaders during the first half of the 18th century, such as Attakullakulla had Turkish names that have no meaning in either Cherokee or Creek. All of the words associated with female relationships such as sister, mother, grandmother, female cousin, etc. are also Turkish words. All of the words associated with Eurasian livestock (except pigs) are Turkish words.

After Kennedy was given a trip to do research in Turkey by the Turkish government, he went overboard with his attempts to link Turkish words with Southeastern Native American words. He started doing the same thing that the Islamic experts on Southeastern Indians are doing; taking Anglicized Native American place names and matching them with words associated with Islamic nations. At this point, he lost a lot of credibility with historians and Native Americans. Laymen didn’t know the difference.

Kennedy’s thesis was that Turkish Muslim refugees settled in the Appalachians during the 1600s and ultimately became the ancestors of both Melungeons and Cherokees. Since no evidence of mosques has been found in the Southeast, Kennedy assumed that these Muslims converted to either Judaism or Christianity. This got him into big trouble with Muslim religious leaders and Al Quaida. Conversion from Islam to another religion is a capital crime in many predominantly Muslim nations. Brent confided with me on the phone in the fall of 2005 that he had received several death threats from foreigners because he had committed “an insult against Islam.” He almost died of a stroke in December of 2005 after speaking at a commemorative dinner for a friend. He remains physically incapacitated to this day.

Eastern Anatolia: As stated earlier in this article, the apparent birthplace of the original Sequoya syllabary always bothered me. Earlier this year I started doing more in-depth research into the history of the region around Anatolia. This was precipitated by an eyewitness account of a brick church with a bell tower by English explorers James Needham and Gabriel Arthur in 1673. The location of this church was a town built of brick in . . . would you believe . . . northeastern Tennessee. The descriptions of the church’s architecture, giant bell and religious services were intriguing. It seemed to be a Georgian or Armenian Orthodox Church.

Eastern Anatolia remained a separate Christian kingdom until Turkey began its holy wars for Islam. The inhabitants are labeled Armenians, but they are genetically different. They are descended from a Heinz 57 mix of Hittites, Celts, Jews, Greeks, Romans, Georgians, Turks, Mongols and Egyptians, who have migrated to the region through the centuries. As a matter of fact, their ethnic mixture is identical to the DNA profiles that DNA Consultants, Inc. is obtaining from card-carrying Cherokees on the North Carolina Reservation. The language spoken by the few surviving Christian Anatolians is far more similar to modern Cherokee than the standard Turkish that Brent Kennedy studies. Al Quaida did have get all upset after all. These subjects of the Ottoman Empire didn’t commit an insult against Islam. They were Christians to start with.

At several time spans in the Middle Ages, Christian Anatolia was repeatedly ravaged by Byzantine Christian armies and Sejuk Turk Muslim armies. During the late Medieval Period through the early 1500s, Christian Anatolia was ruled by a royal family from the Kingdom of Georgia. At that time, its culture became a blend of Anatolian and Georgian traditions. That blend included its writing system . . . h-m-m-m. Hundreds of thousands of these Christian Anatolians were butchered or enslaved during the 1500s and early 1600s. They would have composed a major percentage of the Turkish galley slaves and infantry in the wars against the Holy League. They would have been highly inclined to willingly become prisoners of the Spanish.

During the Middle Ages, the capital of Christian Anatolia was the beautiful city of Ani. With 200,000 residents, Ani was then one of the largest cities in the world. It was built entirely out of brick and known as “the City of Churches” because of its many bell towers. These giant bells called people to pray three times a day like the brick town in northeastern Tennessee.

Today, the great city of Ani is in ruins. Its name survives in Muslim Turkish as a colloquial word for “the boonies.” However, among Christian Anatolians, ani now means “nation, province or tribe.” What a minute! “Ani” in the Cherokee language means “nation, tribe or clan.”


Elementary my dear Watson!

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Just a few linguistic tweaks:

    1. You’ve confused buraq (lightning) with barak (blessing).

    2. Ani doesn’t literally mean “nation, tribe or clan” in Cherokee, but is a prefix that pluralizes a living noun. Waya (wolf) becomes aniwaya (wolves). So the clan name is not “Wolf Clan”, but simply “wolves”.

    The Bagratun and Mamikonian dynasties were kings of Armenia, Georgia, and the smaller Caucasus states of Iberia, Albania, and Cilicia among others. They intermarried with the Herodians, and so were also of Jewish ancestry. They repelled attempts by their Persian neighbors to impose the Zoroastrian religion as they would later fight the imposition of Islam. I’m proud to claim these leaders in my genealogy.


    • The Turkish word for lightning is baraq. If “ani” does not mean “people or tribe” why do all the Cherokee names for other Native peoples in the Southeast begin with “ani?” Examples include ani-kusa (Upper Creeks) ani-koweta (Middle Creeks) ani-suwani (Shawnee) ani-oconi (Oconee Creeks) etc.


    “What also puzzled me was that Sequoya’s original system was NOT the random scribbling of some ignorant savage, but a sophisticated graphics system by an obviously intelligent man that seemed Middle Eastern in origin.”

    Did you just equate Sequoyah and Cherokees with being “savages?” We can’t be intelligent without being some other race? I had expected you to expound on the Georgian and Cyrillian alphabet.

    • I am not qualified to expound on Georgian and Cyrillic. Actually, the letters are closest to the Circassian alphabet. I have no explanation why the letters are so similar. There is nothing in the official history of Sequoyah that would explain him knowing a writing system from east of the Black Sea, yet not knowing the alphabet used by all European nations that had colonized North America. Keep in mind, though, that Sequoyah is the /Cherokeenization/Anglicization of Sekuya, the Creek word that means “war captive” or “slave”. It was his mother’s alternate name.


      Hannah I recently entered my ancestrydna raw data in a database that supposedly ranked results based on the strength of the connection and you were #3 on the list. Can we connect?


    Interestingly my family history had a “Cherokee” ancestor story on both of my maternal grandparents sides; we werr never able to trace anything through genealogy research. My uncle (mom’s briother) did a DNA test hoping to help us aim our research in the right direction. Census Records and most lines appear to go back to Scotland, Ireland, and England. The only european my uncle has in his DNA make-up is a smidgeon of Irish, otherwise closest matches were Arabian and North African:) My mom and I got an extra delight out of this as my uncle is damn racist!! I couldn’t care less about joining a tribe, I just find the migration of peoples fascinating and I would love to be able to visualize how my actual ancestors moved about the world! I know the “European” ones on census records and early documents were here in the 17th century. My mother wants to have a test done herself…just trying to pick which company…

    I enjoyed your article and insights!
    April Edwards

    • The Arabian and North African DNA is the “Cherokee” DNA. In 1673, two explorers from Virginia, Gabrial Arthur and James Needham encountered two towns near where Knoxville sits today. One was built out of brick and occupied by Eastern Orthodox Christians. The other was built of wood and occupied by Africans and Arabs.


    It is fun and hard work studying on the people of the southeast. You have to sift through the lies and the truths sometimes not knowing which way to turn. The Southeast history is my love ,too since this land is all I have ever known. It is like the Roman Catholics having their hands on the Bible deleting and omitting things for their own purposes. Isn’t it weird that the Southeast would be called the “Bible Belt ” ? Maybe there’s a correlation!!


    I’m part Cherokee, and this sounded very interesting. But when I did a little digging, I can’t find evidence for some of the assertions here. What is the evidence that the church in one of those villages the early English Virginia explorers found looked Greek Orthodox?

    I’m reading from this site:

    “They travelled eight days west and by south as he guest and came to a town of negroes, spatious and great, but all wooden buildings Heare they could not take any thing without being spied. The next day they marched along by ye side of a great carte path, and about five or six miles as he judgeth came within sight of the Spanish town, walld about with brick and all brick buildings within. There he saw ye steeple where in hung ye bell which Mr. Needham gives relation of and harde it ring in ye eveing. heare they dirst not stay but drew of and ye next morning layd an ambush in a convenient place neare ye cart path before mentioned and there lay allmost seven dayes to steale for theire sustenance. ”

    This is from:

    Contained in a letter from Abraham Wood to John Richards
    August 22, 1674

    Without seeing the text, I am guessing they are ‘translating’ an old letter that looks like ‘y’ but isn’t, and represents the ‘th’ from Old English as ‘y’.

    The town here is described as ‘Spanish.’ Why would they be Eastern Orthodox?

    They also referred to a town of white men, some of whom had been captured and/or killed by Indian tribes, and a reference to another group of hairy men.

    I read this after reading that Cherokee show a lot of middle eastern DNA. Since I’m said to be part Cherokee on both sides of the family, this is interesting to me. I’ve read a criticism online that the science behind these mail-order tests may not be that great, that the labs aren’t always run by real scientists, and that the FDA has their eye on them.

    The Spanish may have colonized the Southeast to an extent greater than realized before. If they had picked up some galley slaves or converts to Roman Catholicism through war with the Ottomans, that could explain Armenian or middle eastern DNA if the studies are legit. How much transfer of population was there between the Moors in Spain and other Muslim populations prior to 1492? Colonists from the Spanish empire could have assimilated with the Cherokee and/or English civilization as the English expanded their territory.

    Btw, Muslims convincing people in the Bible Belt that their ancestors were Muslims could backfire. They might say, “If that’s the case, I’ll pray that one of my kids to be a missionary to the middle east and go tell those people about Jesus.”

    In the 1990’s, I heard a talk by a UGA faculty member Charles Hudson about the Spanish exploring up through North Carolina. I worked with a young man, an archaeology or history grad student, whose uncle’s farm was going to be excavated to determine if a fort on it was actually an older, Spanish fort form the 1500’s rather than an English fort. Wikipedia says there was Spanish fort in what is now Morganton, NC called Fort San Juan, so maybe the excavation was a success.

    So apparently, the Spanish had reached North Carolina. Some of them may have settled some towns in the area, as we see in historical documents and archaeology.

    • First of all, don’t use the versions published in 1990 and 1991 by history professors at UNC-Chapel Hill. That is mainly what you see on line. Subtle words were changed to alter the historical implications. Go to the Archives of the Commonwealth of Virginia to get the real contents of Gabriel Arthur’s observations.

      Armenian or Anatolian Orthodox . . . not Greek Orthodox . . . very different. The brick church in the brick town that Gabriel Arthur described had a single large bell, that he estimated to be 8-9 feet tall. He said that three times a day the bell rang to call people to pray. Check out the Armenian Orthodox Church. They still have that tradition. The Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant churches do not. Arthur did not describe the town as “Spanish”. He mentioned that several times they passed Spanyards or Portugeese on the roads and trails between Virginia and Tennessee.

      Most of the soldiers and sailors for the Ottoman Empire were Christians. The officers were Muslims and Jews. Muslims were exempt from the military draft. Almost all the galley slaves on Turkish galleys were Christian or Zoroastrian slaves. So the vast majority of prisoners of war captured by Spain were Christians, but not Roman Catholics. As such, they could not be enslaved, but also could not live in Spain, since they were not Roman Catholics.


    You are bot an academic, linguist, and especially not a geneticist. You are a European American, with typical European American immigrant, with European Superiority Bias . Typical cultural bias, in trying to tie anything of any value to supposedly Old world outsiders, invaders and the like, trying to tie indigenous cultural regalia, and practices to the foreign Abrahaic religions. You a merely an architect with a hobby that truly is blind and uneducated about who the indigenous were in the Americas, who would see Muslims, instead of Native Americans who were more diverse than all the rest of the world put together including Africans. The Indigenous people of the Americad have touched every single inch of their homeland.

    • Little girl . . . go back to Middle School,graduate from the Eighth Grade then come back and behave as an adult. Actually, I am a Keeper of the Creek Wind Clan. Even though I lived in Georgia, the Oklahoma Centennial Commission chose me to design Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial. The last time I was face to face with a Cherokee shaman, he turned white as a ghost and ran all the way out of the Oconaluftee Village in Cherokee, NC in terror. Take that as a one time warning to you. There will be no more warnings.


        Great post. Very informative. Do you know of an Alexander Cummings in the 18th century? He supposedly had a stock company that allowed 300000 Jewish immigrants to settle in the Cherokee Nation.

        • It was 3 million Jewish immigrants . . . but supposedly the scheme never happened.


        You’re so full of shit. Keep telling your lies. We all see right through them. Throwing out your status as if you’re someone just to cater to your own weak ego. You’re an architect and probably were hired because you were the cheapest… you’re a joke to all natives… claiming to be Creek, you’re a racist, you do not carry any aspects of a true native soul. You try to threaten people on here like you’re going to do something?!?!

        I bless you with the shadow of The medicine man, as we journey into your dreamtime and wake you right up; your lies will haunt you as the truth will permeate your dreamtime and you will not be able to have a restful sleep until your correct your lies or you finally reach your death bed a nervous, sleepless, wreck. Aho!

        • Thanks for the laugh. I am also going to post your comment as a new article along with your email address and computer IPN, so everyone else will have a good laugh too. Don’t you mean that you are wannabe Cherokee conjurer. Medicine men and women never harm anyone, but I guess, being a wannabe Cherokee, you also didn’t know that “aho” is neither a Lakota word or a Cherokee word . . . I asked a Lakota friend and here is what she told me:

          “Richard, I asked around and it is not Lakota. When I began researching the word first popped up at pow-wows in the 1930s. People told me it was Lakota but I am Lakota and my husband is Cherokee, We never use it here on the rez here so I started to ask and that is what I was told. I do hear the word from urban Indians so it could be o just one of those words. So far no-one wants to claim it. This is funny. Aho means “idiot” in Japanese. This wannabe flat shadow medicine man is obviously an idiot.”


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