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Georgia’s extraordinary petroglyphs traced to Bronze Age Crete, Sweden and Ireland . . . plus Mesoamerica

Georgia’s extraordinary petroglyphs traced to Bronze Age Crete, Sweden and Ireland . . . plus Mesoamerica


After first being identified by 19th century pioneer archaeologist, Charles C. Jones, Jr. from Savannah,  the extraordinary petroglyphs and nearby stone terrace complexes in North Georgia were intentionally ignored or concealed by subsequent generations of Georgia archaeologists.  One can only speculate on their motives.   With the help of scholars in Ireland, Sweden, Crete, Canada and Mexico . . . Creek, Uchee and Chickasaw  Indian researchers are now claiming their rightful heritage and trying to answer the many riddles associated with Georgia’s ancient past. Note that most of the petroglyphs in Georgia are concentrated within the Georgia Gold Belt in the mountainous north-central and northeast part of the state.

The expert on Minoan writing systems, who identified the Metcalf Stone, found in Columbus, GA as being Minoan Linear A, has examined photographs of abstract symbols found on the Tugaloo, Forsyth and Track Rock petroglyphs.   They are NOT Linear A.   Many of these symbols also appear on Early Bronze Age petroglyphs in Sweden,  but Scandinavian scholars have not been able to connect them to a known writing system either.  They predate Runic by up to 2000 years.

Several readers have written POOF that stone engravings, similar to the Metcalf Stone, have been found on the Coosa River in East Central Alabama and along the Lower Chattahoochee River in Alabama and Georgia.  This is true, but Mr. Metcalf immediately took his stone tablet to the Columbus Museum, where it was examined by professional archaeologists and historians. The Metcalf stone’s source is known.   The Alabama stone tablets may be authentic, but their owners took them to flea markets or else could not prove where they actually found the stones.


Minoan Linear A . . .

Mysterious writing system . . .

These symbols are also seen on Scandinavian Bronze Age petroglyphs.   Most seem to be astronomical symbols, but there are also fish hooks, fishes and abstract designs.  Some of the Scandinavian Bronze Age astronomical symbols have been translated by anthropologists in Sweden.  See section on Scandinavian petroglyphs.


Forsyth Boulder – Upper Etowah River Basin – North Central Georgia


Engraved chunky stone – found in either NW Georgia or SE Tennessee



Tugaloo Rock – At Tugaloo River near headwaters of the Savannah River


What we know so far


These petroglyphs are identical to those in southwestern Ireland, especially County Kerry . . .


Reinhardt Boulder – Upper Etowah River in North-Central Georgia


Sprayberry Boulder – Upper Etowah River Basin


Amicalola Creek Rock Shelter – Upper Etowah River Basin – North Central Georgia


This stone stela is very similar to Toa Arawak stelas in central Cuba and the northern coast of Puerto Rico . . .


Sweetwater Stela – Chattahoochee River – Atlanta, GA


Similar petroglyphs can also be found in the Chiapas Highlands of Mexico and Guatemala


Mole Hill Petroglyphs – Upper Etowah River Basin – North Central Georgia


Nottely River Basin – North Central Georgia


These petroglyphs are identical or similar to Bronze Age Scandinavian Rock Art . . .



There are many Swedish Bronze Age astronomical symbols on the six petroglyphic boulders at Track Rock Gap, GA



Tugaloo River – Northeast Georgia


Tugaloo Trail – Nacoochee Valley – Upper Chattahoochee River Basin – NE Georgia


Highland Apalache Writing System

This writing system contains a mixture of influences that include elements of the earliest form of the Olmec writing system,  Itza Maya glyphs and also symbols seen in the earliest Taino cave art of the Caribbean Basin, but not later Taino cave art


Nacoochee Valley – Chattahoochee River Headwaters – NE Georgia


Hickorynut Gap Boulder – Chattahoochee River Headwaters – NE Georgia



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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    My own research efforts are being hampered these days due to my move two years ago from Colorado to Nebraska. I still don’t know where all my books are. Many boxes remain unpacked and my bookshelves have nothing close to an order.

    But I have, somewhere, a book about Great Lakes archeology, published back in the 1950’s or so. In it there is a discussion of the ancient copper mines in the region. The author talks about the human remains found in the mining regions, during the period of active mining, are different than the human remains found during later periods. There was something about the basic shape of the heads that was profoundly different.

    I don’t know enough about anthropology to know that fuss is about, but what was said needs to be examined by someone who know what they are doing. If I can ever come up with the book, I will pass it along. Maybe someone will know the book.

    • Bart, I reviewed the available literature for the Great Lakes copper mines. Everything that some scholars say about the evidence of transoceanic connections is either denied or concealed by the archaeologists in that region. You have to remember though, that we might be talking about an advanced indigenous people hauling copper to Europe. This situation in Georgia is very different. The petroglyphs are real and in public view. I used European, Latin American and Canadian anthropologists/linguists to evaluate the petroglyphs. There can be no argument about the symbols being the same.

  2. The Metcalf Stone is Linear A. The symbols on the boulders in the Georgia Mountains are not Linear A. They seem to be a lost Scandinavian Bronze Age language.


      Oh OK. Thanks Richard. I haven’t spoken to my teacher yet about this. So was this his answer to your question ?

      • The Metcalf Tablet is Linear A Minoan script. He did not see any Minoan letters on the petroglyphs from the Georgia Mountains. The Metcalf Tablet was found in west central Georgia.


    Do you have record of / pictures of the glyph rock in the Hiwassee river bed near Brasstown? I hope to paddle there again soon.

    • I must confess that I had never heard of it, even though I lived near there for two years. I could find only one mention of it. There is an abstract of one of the glyphs in this petroglyph in the NCLearn website. Could you take a camera along when you paddle?




    Wish to contact you without having it posted.


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