Select Page

How could have the entire archaeological profession, the Muscogee-Creek Nation and the Kaw Nation miss this important discovery in 1885?

How could have the entire archaeological profession, the Muscogee-Creek Nation and the Kaw Nation miss this important discovery in 1885?


Earlier this year, while studying archaeological sites on the Upper Kusa River, I came to the same conclusion . . . then stumbled upon this important statement by the most prominent American ethnologist of the 19th century.  Actually,  he had moved from Germany to avoid being drafted into the Prussian Army . . . LOL . . . but he quickly became the leading expert on the Southeastern Indians AND the tribes living in earth lodges on the Western Plains.  However, according to an editorial in the American Institute of Archaeology Journal in 2012,  I am “nothing, but an ignorant peon.”   Surely,  some august academician in the past 133 years would have run across the same article on the Kansa Indians and taken note? 

Actually,  what I think happened is that originally the Kvwetv Creeks were the elite of Kaushe Commoners.  There was mixing of the two and the result was the Upper Creeks.  Some Kansa preferred to keep their identity and moved westward.

In the same process, I figured out where Yupaha was.  That was the province two weeks march to the north of the Florida Panhandle that Sunshine State Natives told Hernando de Soto . . . “had much gold.”    After leaving Itaba, which was at Rome, GA not Etowah Mounds, the conquistadors spent the night in a village on the south side of a wide river, across from the large town of Ubahale.  If you know now the Spaniards way of writing down Muskogean words, it is quickly obvious that Ubahale was Yupahali.   Thus, Yupaha was a province on the southern end of the Georgia Gold Belt in present day West Georgia and East-Central Alabama.  There is still much gold there!

The video about the discovery of the Kaw (Kansa) People’s Homeland is in production.  It will be released to YouTube soon.   The sad old house in the Nacoochee Valley is all prettied up now, so I will now have time to learn how to use all my fancy new hardware and software.

The following two tabs change content below.
Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    “Ignorant peon”? Richard, could you please post which edition and article of the journal that comment is in, I’d like to use it in an article I’m working on. I’m attempting to enlighten the academics on a number of issues using their own theories, lingo, and publications. Like you, I’m also an academic anthropology outlier. I’ve managed to fly under the radar, have been published in an academic journal, and have made some contacts in the academic paleoanthropology community. One of the points I want to make involves the tendency many academics seem to have for name-calling in lieu of actually debating subjects.

    The house looks great! That yellow really works.
    Good luck with the new hardware and software.

    • A POOF member sent the article to me in the spring of 2012, when I was still in the chicken house office in Blairsville, GA. The author was Dr. Ramon Sarro, an anthropology professor from South Africa at Oxford University, who probably had never even been in Georgia, and certainly knew nothing about the Creek Indians.


    Hey Richard your home is looking bright and cheery, have many days of the same from now on. I researched Dr. Gatschet and was fascinated with the man and the work he did. Gives me a lot to read on this winter when I’m laided off for a couple of months. He covered much of the US in his different positions over his many years here. It’s amazing what you can learn from the Long Ago and Far Away in so many varying ways as you try walking thru the past and it leads you to different paths you never expected. You can learn more and that in turn leds to more paths of learning. Can’t wait for the video in the works ! Thank you for all your work for Truth….


Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Subscribe to POOF via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this website and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 843 other subscribers

The Information World is changing!

People of One Fire needs your help to evolve with it.

We are now celebrating the 11th year of the People of One Fire. In that time, we have seen a radical change in the way people receive information. The magazine industry has almost died. Printed newspapers are on life support. Ezines, such as POOF, replaced printed books as the primary means to present new knowledge. Now the media is shifting to videos, animated films of ancient towns, Youtube and three dimensional holograph images.

During the past six years, a privately owned business has generously subsidized my research as I virtually traveled along the coast lines and rivers of the Southeast. That will end in December 2017. I desperately need to find a means to keep our research self-supporting with advertising from a broader range of viewers. Creation of animated architectural history films for POOF and a People of One Fire Youtube Channel appears to be the way. To do this I will need to acquire state-of-art software and video hardware, which I can not afford with my very limited income. Several of you know personally that I live a very modest lifestyle. If you can help with this endeavor, it will be greatly appreciated.

Support Us!

Richard Thornton . . . the truth is out there somewhere!

Pin It on Pinterest