I created the architectural renderings of St. Augustine, before being burned by the pirates in the 1660s, from sketches of discoveries by archaeologists there. POOF has also included several historical maps and drawings made by Spanish architects.
This is the first St. Augustine that was built at 31 degrees latitude – St. Andrews Sound, GA.
The first Fort San Marcos at St. Augustine, FL It was built out of earth and timbers.
There was not much to St. Augustine in 1585, when it was burned by Sir Francis Drake’s fleet.
St. Augustine in 1593 – (left) the second Fort San Marcos (right) Nombre de Dios Mission Village
The central area of St. Augustine in the late 1600s. The nicest houses were constructed out of timber framing with lime-plastered wattle and daub.
Most people, though, lived in small houses with vertical boards and thatched roofs. Some even lived in traditional Native American houses.
The core of Castillo San Marcos was constructed between 1672 and 1695.
St. Augustine during the British rule of Florida (1763-1783) – Note that there were “Indian towns” on the west and east side, plus a “Negros Fort.”
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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.
Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.