Irish Stone Circles Date from 2000 BC to 1100 BC
The Early and Middle Bronze Age stone circles in County Kerry are identical to those on mountain tops in Atlanta Area and Georgia Mountains. Piled stone structures identical to those found in mountains of Georgia and northeastern Alabama can be found throughout the western counties of Ireland. The petroglyphs in the Upper Etowah River Basin gold belt in Georgia are also identical to those in County Kerry. The Deptford Culture, presumed the first manifestation of the Uchee People, began in Savannah, GA just as the Middle Bronze Age was ending in Ireland and Scandinavia.
During the late 1800s and throughout the 20th century, several archaeologists of national reputation found bronze weapons and tools in Northeast Georgia mounds and along the mouths of the Altamaha and Savannah Rivers, but assigned them to the “Spanish Colonial Period” to avoid controversy. These archaeologists included James Ford and Joseph Caldwell of the Smithsonian Institute, Phillip E. Smith of Harvard University, plus Robert Wauchope, Antonio Waring and Arthur Kelly. In 1939, archaeologist Robert Wauchope found a chain of Deptford Culture villages along the headwaters of the Chattahoochee River in Helen, GA and the Nacoochee Valley . . . stretching all the way south to a complex of cairns and a boat-shaped stone burial in Roswell, GA. Many of the original Deptford Culture villages were repeatedly reoccupied for 2,800 years until the Creek Indians ceded their last lands to the United States in 1827. Two large Deptford Mounds were destroyed in Helen, GA during its development as an “Alpine village” tourist attraction in the late 20th century. Tragically, Helen’s ancient history was far more significant than its brief late 19th century occupation by Swiss wine and cheese makers.
County Kerry, on the southwest tip of Ireland, contains Ireland’s highest mountains and the sites of very early gold mining activities. Genetic and archaeological evidence suggests that County Kerry was frequently visited and colonized by maritime civilizations from long distances away – perhaps as far east as Scythia and Armenia. It should be noted that the Alec Mountain Stone Circle in the Nacoochee Valley of Georgia is slightly oval-shaped and aligned with the Winter Solstice Sunset. Here is what the County Kerry Museum says about the stone circles in their region of Ireland:
At Loch Gur the stone circle may have originally being a circle of wooden posts. It should be noted that stone circles are not true circles but are more oval shaped. They were built between c.2000-c.1100 BC. They are not usually associated with burials. They are aligned with the sun. It could be possible that the builders of stone circles were seen as very powerful or magical people because some may have believed that the sun aligned with their circles rather than visa versa. In Ireland most of the stone circles are found in the Kerry and Cork areas.
Interestingly, Scottish stone circles are orientated on the moon . They appear to ‘roll on’ the recumbent stone. It is obvious that these early people had a good knowledge of the skies. In Brittany there are huge stone circles and stone alignments. These people were sharing ideology with the Irish.
These date from the same period as stone circles (2000-1100 BC). These were aligned with the stars. There are over 170 stone rows in County Kerry. Over half of these consist of no more than 2 stones. The larger circles have 3-6 stones. The largest complexes consists of piled stones, called cairns, arranged in the pattern of constellations. The length of the row can vary from 2m-13m and the height of the stones can vary from 1m-4m. They are generally aligned in a NE/SW axis. Thus aligning them with the sectors of the heavens in which the sun rises and sets in the winter time and sharing a common orientation with the stone circles(??). The 600 or so slab-like monoliths in the County Kerry area have a similar orientation. They are generally found in upland areas of well drained soil, indicating that the builders of these may have been raising cattle and growing cereals.
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