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Map of Southeastern Part of North America 1721

Through the efforts of member, Marilyn Rae, the Yale University Library has given the People of One Fire a special, high resolution, wide format lens photograph of the first British map to contain reasonably accurate description of the Southeastern United States. It was also the first British map to use the word Cherakee. The Creeks are not labeled as a tribe, but as individual provinces. Because of the high resolution, virtually all lettering on the map is legible.

The Barnwell Map-Hamerton Map was commissioned by South Carolinian William Barnwell at the time that South and North Carolina were split. The map contains the names of Choctaw, Chickasaw, proto-Creek, Cherokee, Yuchi, Catawba and Carolina Siouan towns. It also provides the locations of European forts, the locations and names of the Florida missions, notes historical events and describes the landscape. The 1755 John Mitchell Map is merely an update and less detailed version of this map.

The map clearly labels the Georgia Mountains from Brasstown Mountain westward as being named the Appalachian Mountains, part of Creek Territory and occupied by the Kusate – a Hitchiti-speaking branch of the Upper Creeks. It labels the headwaters of Chattahoochee, Hiwassee and Little Tennessee Rivers as being occupied by the Itza – descendants of Itza Maya immigrants. The Altamaha River is labeled the “Altamaha, St. George or May River.” The St. Johns River in Florida is labeled the St. Johns River. It shows that Tugaloo was a Hogeloge (Yuchi) town at this time, perhaps allied with the “Charakees.”

You can download this map at AccessGenealogy where we in combination with them, Marilyn Rae, and the Yale University Library.

A nice way of saying thank you to Marilyn Rae is to order one of her poetry or history books from Ancient Cypress Press.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

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