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Map Supplement: The Battles of Itsate Pass

Map Supplement:  The Battles of Itsate Pass

Itsate Pass viewed from the top of Black Mountain, Georgia

Dillard Valley, Georgia – Location of the Second Battle of Itsate Pass

GPS Coordinates

Location of Rabun Gap – 34°55’56.7″N 83°23’18.5″W

Probable Location of Second Battle (June 1761) – 34°56’53.8″N 83°23’09.5″W

Location of Itsate Gap (First Battle ~ June 1760) – 34°56’53.8″N 83°23’09.5″W

Location of Cherokee village of Echoee (Otto Mound) – 35°02’36.5″N 83°22’55.9″W

This is the section of the Little Tennessee River Valley where the combat occurred.  In the first battle, the British got as far as Otto, NC.


In the first battle, the Cherokees fired on the Carolina Rangers from both sides of Itsate Pass. This is the only location that exact matches distances listed in the official British report . . .  five miles south of Echoee, with a steep cliff on the west and river bend on the right with hills. 


The Second Battle of Itsate Pass began in a gap just south of Dillard, GA.  It was about two miles south of Itsate Pass.






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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

1 Comment


    Great work Richard!


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