Medieval Irish on the South Atlantic Coast . . . they were refugees!
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Over the past seven years, Scott Wolter, the former host* of the History Channel’s, “America Unearthed,” has devoted much of his available time to research the history of Christianity up to the late Middle Ages. As the keynote speaker at this weekend’s Ancient Artifact Preservation Society conference at the Island Resort and Convention Center in Michigan, he presented much of that research to a large audience. Native America is not the only place, where history has been concealed and fabricated. The audience was astounded at the long list of facts about early Christian history, which are conveniently left out of sermons, Sunday School classes and articles by the mainstream media. Island Resort is owned by the Hannahville Indian Community of Potawatomi.
What immediately caught my ear was Wolter’s descriptions of the radical changes in the church that occurred in the 1000’s via Papal Edicts and Vatican Councils . . . and the fact that Christians in the British Isles refused to endorse them. The most notable change was that celibacy was made mandatory for the priesthood and hierarchy, but was rarely practiced by the rulers of the church in Rome. Most popes had mistresses, wives or male lovers throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
The emerging church oligarchy in Rome wanted to control all of Europe as Roman emperors did in the past. They also wanted to shift the family orientated worship services of the traditional churches to a standardized liturgy dominated by single men and their teenage boy assistants. The Anglo-Saxon, Scottish and Irish bishops, who refused to endorse these edicts, were considered heretics.
Although Wolter did not specifically mention events in late 11th century Ireland, his description of the political intrigues, going on in the Roman Catholic Church during that era, clearly answers, “Why would Irish Christians want to leave Ireland?” More about that later.
*According to a neutral website, IDMb, “America Unearthed” was the most successful program ever aired on History Channel H2. The premier of America Unearthed (about the Itza Mayas migrating to Georgia) has become the most watched History program ever because of Youtube and continued availability on its own website. America Unearthed was at the peak of its ratings, when H2 was sold to the A & E Network, which has now re-branded it as the Vice Network. According to IDMb, A & E executives thought America Unearthed too “intellectual” for the educational level of persons, who still maintain loyalty to cable networks.
Georgia’s first history book
The opening paragraphs of the first book on the history of the state of Georgia by William Bacon Stevens matter of factly states that early colonists on the coast of South Carolina and Georgia encountered light-skinned Indians, who spoke a dialect of Irish Gaelic. Stevens cited specific and real monastic journals in France and Ireland, which described Irish from County Leinster and Scandinavian (Norman) Christians from Wexford and Dublin fleeing Ireland for Witmannsland (White People’s Land in Norse) on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean between 1160 AD and 1190 AD, because of persecution by the invading French Normans. The journals stated that the Scandinavians furnished the boats and settled farther north than the Irish.
In his book, De Orbo Novo, 16th century author Peter Martyr d’Anghiera described a voyage in 1521 of slave traders, Francisco Gorgillo and Pedro de Quejo, to the South Atlantic Coast. South of the province that the Spanish called Chicora and the French called Chicola, the Spaniards visited a province of “giant” Caucasians called Duhare. The people of Duhare raised domesticated dairy deer and made cheese from their milk. They also raised several plants and livestock, which are not indigenous to the Americas. However, their houses and pottery were the same as their Indian neighbors. The Spaniards recorded several Duhare words, but did not state what ethnicity they were.
The story of Duhare has been discounted by all scholars for almost 500 years. They said that the idea of dairy deer was ludicrous and proof that the story was a fantasy. All scholars place Chicora north of Charleston, SC when the French, who visited there in 1562 and 1565 specifically said that it was about 35 miles south of Port Royal Sound, SC at what is now Savannah, GA.
Instead of relying on “all scholars,” I contacted the Irish Consulate in Atlanta at asked them to put me in touch with the right professors in Ireland. Strangely enough, the Irish history and Gaelic professors at Trinity College in Dublin were not familiar with the story of Duhare. HOWEVER, they said that Duhare, was actually the Early Medieval Gaelic word, Du H’Aire, which meant “Irish.” All the other Duhare words, recorded by the Spaniards were also Early Medieval Gaelic words . . . very close to the Gaelic used today.
The history professor stated that indeed, the Irish had domesticated the Red Deer into a stockier animal, which was milked. The deer milk was made into cheese. The Ossreigh People (Deer Kingdom) specialized in deer dairying. They had formerly lived in Leinster, but were terribly persecuted by the Norman invaders during the late 1100s. Many Ossreigh villages had been deserted, but historians didn’t really know where they went. Dairy cows were not known in Ireland until introduced by French-Norman monks. He said that the Irish Gaelic Church was terribly persecuted by the Normans, but didn’t say why. He did mention, though, that many Irish priests and bishops were killed . . . often being burned at the stake.
So . . . William Bacon Stephens recounted eyewitness accounts of Gaelic speaking Indians on the coast, but didn’t seem to get the connection with the story of Duhare. The Spanish didn’t realize that the freckled, brown-haired, bearded Indians on the coast were Irish Gaels. All scholars for 500 years didn’t bother to fact check the story told by Peter Martyr d’Anghiera, before completely discounting it.
In the 1600s and 1700s, the Creeks called a hybrid people, living on the upper Savannah River, Tuckaseegee River (Tokahsi-ke) and Highlands, NC area, Tokahle, which means freckled people. Some Tokahle eventually moved to Alabama and became one of the most powerful divisions of Creek Confederacy, the Tuckabatchee. Other Tokahle moved to Florida and became a powerful division of the Seminole Alliance.
Secret crusades against fellow Christians
Research into historical texts about the Middle Ages revealed that the Roman Catholic church began to use especially painful means of executing those men and women, judged heretics, after the schism between the bishops of Rome and Constantinople in 1054. By the 1100s, merely disobeying a papal order could get one labeled a heretic. Kings were excommunicated. Commoners were tortured and burned.
During the 1100s, increasing larger numbers of knights and soldiers were launched against populations, viewed as Christian heretics. The first formal “Holy Crusade” against Muslims in the Middle East began around 1095 AD. The first formal military attack against “heretics” was in 1109. By 1147, formal crusades were being launched against several nations and provinces around Europe, who were viewed as heretics. European heretics were treated far more brutally than Muslim populations in the Middle East. Typically, all men, women and children would be killed in the most painful way possible, when a crusade was launched against Christians.
It is always seemed bizarre that Pope Alexander II gave his Papal blessing in 1066 to William, the illegitimate son of a Norman duke, to conquer England and kill an anointed English king. Papal indulgences were given to anyone in William’s army , who died in the military campaign. Such things were normally only done for participants in a “Holy” Crusade. Also, not a word was uttered in protest as the now King William of England defrocked all of the Anglo-Saxon clerical leaderships and replaced them with French bishops and cardinals. Thanks to Wolter’s research, the answer to this riddle is obvious. The Norman Conquest WAS a crusade against England . . . Heretic Anglo-Saxon England, which refused to cease marriage of priests and local control of parishes.
This is what Scott Wolter’s research tells us. The French Norman’s viewed the Roman Catholic Church as an extension of their centralized political power. Of course, it made little difference to individual barons and kings, whether a priest was married, had a mistress or was celibate. What did matter was that the bishops and priests obeyed the commands of their bosses in the nearest castle and in Rome . . . because the French Norman nobility expected the priests and bishops to encourage submission to both papal power and Norman overlords.
Thus, refusal of Irish Gaelic clergy to abandon their wives and children or accept new standard forms of liturgy were viewed by the French Normans, controlling England and now conquering Ireland, as both treason and heresy. The most gruesome forms of torture and death were reserved by medieval rulers for those, who were viewed as either traitors or heretics. Irish Gaels and Normans were viewed as both.
Possible death by drowning in the vast Atlantic Ocean would seem to be a valid alternative to being tortured and then burned to death. Most likely, the Norse in Dublin and Wexford found out about the New World from Scandinavians in Iceland and Greenland. Both remote regions had extensive contacts with Ireland. Over half the MtDNA of Icelandic women is Gaelic.
And now you know!
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