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News Flash! Original copy of “The Migration Legend of the Creek People” Rediscovered

News Flash!  Original copy of “The Migration Legend of the Creek People” Rediscovered

The Apalache Foundation received a momentous email from the United Kingdom this morning.   Incredibly significant documents, assumed lost for 280 years, have been rediscovered.  This achievement was made possible with the assistance of the staff at Clarence House, the residence of HRH Prince Charles.

The original documents sent by Governor James Edward Oglethorpe to King George I in June 1735 that describe a meeting with the leaders of the Creek Confederacy in Savannah, have been found near London.  The meeting established formal diplomatic and trade relations between Great Britain and the Creeks, but its significance is much, much more.  Governor Oglethorpe was presented with a bison calf velum that narrated the migration legend of the Kashita . . . written in the Apalache writing system.  The velum was read by Mikko Chikilili of Palachikola and translated to the assembled leaders of Georgia by Mary Musgrove.

Governor Oglethorpe informed the King that the Creeks were very different than any other tribe encountered in North America. He said that they were the descendants of a great civilization and should be treated as equals in all things by the British government. As proof that the Creeks were truly civilized,  Oglethorpe sent the king a sample of their writing system with an English translation.  It was a complete writing system that could convey past, present and future tenses.  The English translation is eight pages long.

Contemporary anthropologists have refused to classify the Muskogean mound builders as civilized because “they were illiterate.”   All history books state that Native Americans were illiterate until Sequoyah invented the Cherokee syllabary.  These documents will prove them the wrong.

The documents are currently being photographed in England in order to produce high resolution images for researchers in the Apalache Foundation.  More articles on this discovery will follow.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Oral tradition of my elders stated that our ancestors, Apalachee Creek, could read and write.

    • Jeannie, that’s what we have been telling people, but no one in the academic community believed us. Now they will have to.


    a whole lot of what has been covered up will be uncovered

    Truth will prevail

    Justice is eternal

    even the Language will be pure…


    Cannot wait! I have traced our bloodline from English and Creek. I visited London, England and was surprised to hear the phrases that I grew up with from My Howard kinsman. They stayed isolated in the woods and did not go on the trail of tears. They ranged sheep and cattle and lived in a community called Howard town.


    If any 18th-century Creek documents survive in England, the archivists there should contact the Muscogee Creek Cultural Center and Archives in Okmulgee, Oklahoma.

    • The documents are the property of the United Kingdom and were produced by officials of the British government. They are not Native American artifacts. Copies of the documents are the inheritance of the citizens of Georgia and will be given to the state government. The success of the project was made possible by direct contact between the staff of Clarence House and myself. Oklahoma Creek officials refused to either assist or endorse my contacts with British officials. In fact, they mocked me for trying to find the documents. Furthermore . . . between 2002 and 2008, Judge Patrick Moore of the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma and his staff worked closely with Alabama, Georgia and Florida Creeks/Seminoles in our search into the past. Patrick Moore is considered one of the most brilliant Native American lawyers in the nation. Yet, one of the first actions of the current MCN Principal Chief was to fire Judge Moore in a humiliating manner and to initiate a hostile policy toward Southeastern Creeks. Since that time the behavior of the Oklahoma Creek officials has been extremely conspiratorial and obstructive to the research being done by the People of One Fire. Their disgusting behavior went to the extent of the director of MCN Cultural Preservation Office sending a letter to Georgia newspapers stating that our research had no connection with the Muskogee-Creeks, they disagreed with its findings, and “that most folks in Oklahoma consider Thornton a quack.” The MCN Principal Chief and Council refused to retract this slanderous letter. So . . . our research has no connection with the Muscogees in Oklahoma. We will continue to share our research with the Creek, Seminole and Miccosukee tribes in the Southeast. The Oklahomans can buy a copy of the book.


        Having read the article, I understand that the document is a British copy of a Muscogee Creek oral history.

        If the British care about scholarship or Native American history, they will share the information with qualified Muscogee Creek historians and archivists—of which there are quite a few—especially the Muscogee Creek Nation’s Tribal Historical Preservation Officer.


    As an iconologist who researches ancient cultural artifacts, the recovery of this “lost” doc sounds like it parallels – for Southeast native folk – the unearthing of the Rosetta Stone. Bravo. I am eager to see the repro-docs here ASAP. When will they go onto the site? And how can we get a copy of that 8-page English translation of Palachee writing? It sound phenomenal! Ocelot Warrior says: Thank you, Richard.

    • In order to receive the photos of these priceless archives, I had to sign a document with UK National Archives that the images being sent to me would not be given or sold to anyone else. However, I will transcribe the contents into a PDF or MSWord format and make them available to the public. I still do not know what was in the box that was sealed for 280 years. We will let you know when they arrive.


    Several years ago I saw the picture above. I sure would like to know who the Indian is that has his hand resting on hip. I got tickled when I saw this as my whole family rest their hands on their hips. I do that ,too. It is very comfortable. I believe that a lot of Indians of all tribes did know how to read or write in their own language. Europeans thought that Indians didn’t know how because it was not in their language. Many Europeans were illiterate. That’s why we have so many spellings of the same name.


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