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News: New civilization discovered in southern Amazonia

News:  New civilization discovered in southern Amazonia


Using the same remote sensing software that the People of One Fire is utilizing to re-write the Southeast’s past,  scientists have identified a previously unknown civilization on the southern edge of Amazonia, which adds millions of people to the estimated population of the region at the time of Cristobal Colon’s (Columbus) first voyage.  The region is on the border between dense tropical rain forest and much drier grasslands.  Its appearance is very similar to that of southern Alabama, northern Florida, southern Georgia and the South Carolina Low Country.

What we at the People of One Fire found very significant was that the languages spoken in this region were Southern Arawak and Tupi.  The previously known contemporaneous civilization was in eastern Peru, eastern Ecuador and the western edge of Brazil.  The so-called Florida Apalachee* were a Southern Arawak people who were colonized by true Apalache from Northeast Georgia.  Southern Arawak cultural traditions and words can also be found mixed in with the other cultural influences that created the modern Cherokees.

The indigenous peoples of central Florida and the southeastern Florida coast appear to have close cultural connections with the aboriginal (Non-Taino) peoples of Cuba, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.  The so-called* Timicua of northeastern Florida spoke dialects typical of the Orinoco River Basin in Venezuela and Guyana.  The indigenous peoples of the Georgia and southern South Carolina coasts spoke dialects of Panoan and Tupi.  They were arch-enemies of the tribes on the Florida coast. Arawaks from the Greater Antilles also settled along the southern Ocmulgee River Basin and middle Chattahoochee River Basin, plus central Alabama.  Southern Arawaks settled in northeastern Tennesssee  and probably the Great Smokey Mountain region.  The Creeks practice many Panoan traditions such as the Sacred Black Drink and the Stomp Dance. 

* These were names assigned to these peoples by the Spanish.  They never called themselves by these names, until subjugated by the Spanish.


To read this article, go to:

Here is a fairly up-to-date documentary, which explains the mysterious Amazonian civilizations:


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Hey Richard,
    Wow i was reading an article about this find earlier today and came across this paper on petroglyphs in the Orinoco river basin.
    These carvings are very different from the ones you have shown us. I have seen the Sweetwater stone but are there any carvings like this in the SE you know of? I would think the people living in the Orinoco river basin were related to or the same people that were in the SE, its a long canoe ride away but not impossibleto go back and forth.
    Thanks for the education

    • They look very much like the petroglyphs in the heart of the Amazon Basin. Some of the petroglyphs in the Southwest also have stick figures that look like these.


    Richard, Everyday more clues of man migrating to the South and the upper Midwest long ago. Not surprising to me any more is the lack of so much history of Native Americans unwritten. It’s my understanding the Natives of this landmass were people that understood advanced mathematics before any people of the Earth.
    Whoever designed the Great pyramid of Giza (carbon dated to 3800 BC) was highly advanced…with the Great lion monument (Sphinx) staring towards the Sinai. If we were to add a line to the inside of the Great pyramid it would be the Y that we use today in English. GOD bless…


    Hey Richard,
    I ran across this article on the web and thought that this may be where the tradition of powerful women in the Creek Nation came from
    You have said that in many of the native American tribes in the SE the women were equal to the men. Well the Peruvians women appear to have had the same rights as the women of the SE. May be they brought this tradition with them.
    Hope you had a great Easter with no rats.

    • That certainly makes sense. The women in many of the western tribes did not have equal status.


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