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On the trail of the Alekmani . . . from Alec Mountain, GA to the Baltic Sea

On the trail of the Alekmani . . . from Alec Mountain, GA to the Baltic Sea

A Major People of One Fire OMG! Moment

Now we know why the Uchee carried Sami DNA! . . . but there is a bigger surprise coming your way.  

A province of the Alekmani near the mouth of the Altamaha River was first mentioned in 1564 by its new French neighbors in the memoir of Captain René de Laudonnière, Commander of Fort Caroline, and by a widely circulated letter sent home by one of his colonists.  They are one of the principal reasons that we are certain that Fort Caroline was in Georgia. The Alecmani were always a Georgia tribe. The French colonists stated that the Alekmani cultivated cinchona (quinine) trees on a large scale along the May River and had become wealthy from exporting the bark to a wide swath of eastern North America.  Much of the bark was actually distributed from their main province in what is now the Alec Mountain Range in Habersham County, GA . . . where the bark was traded for gold, mined by the Itsate and Apalache Creeks, living nearby.  Captain de Laudonnière said that their name meant “Medicine People.”   Where did this enigmatic people come from . . . South America?

Irish Stone Circle – The Georgia Stone Circles are identical to those in Ireland and the Baltic Sea, except now they are now overgrown with trees.

From later sources, we know that the Alekmani were apparently associated with the hundreds of stone circles (stonehenges) that once dotted the mountaintops and hilltops of North Georgia.  Along with their allies and neighbors, the Soque, they were known as great scholars, historians and physicians.  They had a writing system, which they wrote on gold foil, produced by the Highland Apalache.   In the 1700s, Cherokee leaders would journey to Soque and Alekmani villages to seek the wisdom of their scholars.  Eventually, during that period the Alekmani were incorporated as a special clan devoted to healing within the Creek Confederacy.  Their name became the Creek words for medicine, healing and medical doctors.

Very few of these stone circles remain intact. The best preserved ones are on Alec Mountain in Habersham County and in the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park in Cobb County.  Whereas the people of Ireland, Scotland and Scandinavia always respected their identical stone circles as ancient sacred sites,  white settlers in Georgia quickly gobbled up the hilltop shrines as building materials for chimneys and foundations.  During the mid-20th century, contractors for the Georgia Highway Department devastated most of the mountain top shrines, including the biggie on Stone Mountain, to make crushed stone for highways.


The Creek words for medicine, healing and physician have astonishing significance

The primary Creek word for medicine is alek (vlek), the verb for healing is aleka (vleka) and for a physician, is alekchaw (vlekcv).    The word survives on the landscape of the Southeastern United States as two Alec Mountains in Northeast Georgia.  In addition,  a Creek village on the Altamaha River at the site of a former Alekmani capital (near Jesup) was originally known as Alektown, but after Europeans occupied the region was changed to Doctortown.  These words are still used in Oklahoma for professionally trained medical doctors, but the word, heleshayaw is used for a traditional healer.

Alachua, Florida is the Anglicization of the Creek word for doctor.  It is NOT “an ancient Timucuan word, whose meaning has be lost.”  You will be absolutely floored, later on in this article, when you find out what language the Creek word is derived from!

A lot of dead-end searches

I began searching for the original home of the Alekmani in 2013, using statistical algorithms.  For four years, I searched all the major indigenous languages of the Americas.  Since I knew for certain, because of the cinchona cultivation, that the Alekmani had lived in South America, I also checked out available dictionaries for minor languages in Peru and the Amazon Basin.  Only the Creek languages used alek as the word for medicine.  None used mani as the word for “people or tribe.”   I gave up.the search in early 2017.

Then, about three months ago, I was watching an English language program, produced by German public television, on the Romans’ attempted conquest of Germania.   Several of the Germanic tribes in present day northwestern Germany had names ending in mani!  Wikipedia told me that the meaning of the German tribe, Allimani, was “All Men.”   So mani is an archaic Germanic word.  What in the heck was a Germanic word doing in Pre-Columbian Georgia?

I went to a Swedish etymological source.  Nowadays, the plural of man in English and Swedish are identical.  It is spelled män in Swedish, but pronounced like men.   HOWEVER,  before Sweden was unified into a kingdom, during the late Viking Period,  there were nunweiya languages and dialects in the region.   Those peoples living along the Baltic Coast of northwest Germany,  the Netherlands, Friesland, southern Denmark, the southern tip of Sweden and on several Baltic Islands used mani for the plural of man.  Those peoples included the Skandians, Angles, Saxons and Goths, but not the Jutes of northwestern Denmark.  The Goths originated on Gåtland Island in the Baltic Sea, but later conquered west-central Sweden.  They were called the Geats by the Angles and Saxons.  The Angles originated on the islands of the southern Baltic Sea and eastern Denmark, but by the Roman Period were living in southern Denmark. English blended Anglisk, Saxonisk and Jutisk.  Eventually, the Jute plural of “men” became standard English.  So the Alekmani were originally a Northern Germanic people from the Baltic Sea region.  Hm-m-m,  all but two of the glyphs on the Track Rock Petroglyphs can be found among the glyphs at Nyköping, Sweden . . . .  which is on the shores of the Baltic Sea.


Greek & Roman geographers stated that the ancestors of Angles lived on the islands of the Baltic Sea, in Sweden & Denmark until the Iron Age. 

But what about Alek?

Alek stumped for awhile, until I remembered that leka (läka) was the Swedish word for medicine. Läkare is their word for a medical doctor.  Danish uses a similar word, læge.   The Frisian, Scandianavian, Finnish, Sami and northern Slavic languages all use pretty much the same words for medicine and the verb for healing.  French, Dutch and High German use very different words.  Obviously, the Creek words for medicine, healing and physician came from the Baltic Region of northern Europe, but what is the significance of putting an “a” in front of leka?    That is definitely not Muskogean grammar.

The answer came during a thunderstorm this past weekend, when I could not work outside.  Out of curiosity, I looked up “a” in a British etymological site.  Are you sitting down?

The Angles used of “a” or “an” as a suffix before a verb to create a noun or adjective.  They were the only Northern Germanic people, who did this.   Archaic Scandinavian used an i, e, or en prefix to accomplish the same effect.   Again in Swedish is igen

The practice continued into Anglo-Saxon and Old English.   However, most of these agglutinative nouns and adjectives were replaced by French and Latin words after the Norman Invasion of England.   However, the custom of adding A to the front of verbs continued in the Appalachian Mountains until the late 20th century.   Some agglutinative words survive such as abroad, across, again and aside.  However, most other usages are now considered to be provincial dialects . . . as when Granny Clamplett told Elly Mae, “I’m agonna give you a-whipping with my switch!

Thus, in Old Anglisk,  a-leka meant medicine, but literally could be translated today as “a-healing.”   Yes, what I am telling you is that the ancestors of Alekmani branch of the Creek Confederacy were either ancestors or first cousins of the Angles (Archaic English).  They originated in the islands of the Baltic Sea and probably were the hybrid descendants of Archaic Germanic Peoples intermarrying with Sami and Finns in the Baltic Region.  The region that they originated in still today contains dozens of Neolithic and Bronze Age stone circles and stone medicine wheels  You go figure!

In 1527, Vesconti Maggiola, navigator for Verrazano, denoted two towns on the South Atlantic Coast with Scandinavian names. One province, he named “Angleland!”

This means that you could be full-blooded Uchee and Creek, yet carry English (Northern Germanic) DNA markers that arrived in North America during the Bronze and Iron Ages.   Heck, there might even be some lost Vikings in your Native American ancestry.  Virtually, no Southeastern Native American is full-blooded anything.  What I discovered means that that some of your Northern Germanic, Scandinavian or Irish DNA markers should really be counted as Native American.

While y’all are vegetating on this here bombshell article, I’m a-going to town to buy some more nails and strawberry jam.




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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Thinking about the circles, I can’t see where they mean anything other than art. Even if they’re open to a solstice, that could only serve as a reminder that the seasons will change. There’s no extra solar energy available within the sunlight that beams in on a solstice. There is no power obtained from the circular shape. Stonehenge does nothing except entertain. I’m starting to get turned off some by stone circles because we as modern humans can’t figure them out. That must mean there isn’t anything to them of great significance. They aren’t even carved with petroglyphs. Any meaning the creators of them were trying to convey is now meaningless to us other than art or some kind of sundial calendar like the Farmer’s Almanac. They might be art as are the Cro Magnon cave paintings and nothing more.


    Hey Richard– Here’s more news in case you haven’t already heard it– it’s a paper in Southeastern Archeology by researchers who used a new technique to identify precontact mounds in Beaufort County, SC. (The researchers are from Binghamton, NY which is an hour down the road from where I live. Happy to find these guys so close to me.)

    Looking forward to seeing photos of the house after you get the oldstyle features added.


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