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Post Script . . . the concealed history of Etula’s soldiers

Post Script . . .  the concealed history of Etula’s soldiers


The etched stone above was one of the over hundred thousand Native American artifacts assembled by General Gates P. Thruston.  Thruston was the commanding general of troops stationed on the Etowah River, next to Etowah Mounds, during the Battle of Atlanta.  He was next assigned command of Union forces, stationed in Nashville, TN.   A couple of decades later he vaguely claimed that he found this stone in a mound, located in southeastern Tennessee.  This is possibly true, but not likely.

The attackers are wearing leather helmets with copper crests.  Hundreds of these crests have been found at Etowah Mounds. Note that both sides in this battle are wearing kilts, not breech cloths.  The attackers are wearing the logo of concentric rings.  Concentric rings can be found on all , but one of the petroglyph sites in the Etowah Valley.  One of the defenders is carrying a javelin with feathers on the end like an arrow.  This weapon is never discussed by anthropologists in the United States.  

Judging from the etching above,  this sketch by archaeologist Warren Moorehead of the copper crests, found at Etowah Mounds, is backwards.  The crest extended forward over the soldier’s face.


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Do you know when that battle occurred? It would seem that a society would have to be a little advanced to outfit an army like that. Thanks for all your tireless work.

    • Hey Ed

      I don’t think anybody has any idea because there was no scientific archaeological study of the location where the stone was found. My guess is that the battle occurred some time between 1250 AD and 1375 AD. When Etula (Etowah Mounds) was re-occupied a third time, it was a different people . . . the Kaushe (Kusa~Coosa).


    Richard, as the plagues ravaged the people of the South many people that knew metal working, weaving cloth, advanced math were lost. The artifacts of the Native peoples were plundered to private collections.. most likely a bronze age existed when people found tin in South Carolina. The only historical note of broad swords use and battle axes for the 15 Century in America were temple statues in South Carolina but the French artwork of the peoples of Georgia had round chest plates worn. You have also noted the Bronze age people “Chiska” (who had migrated from Peru perhaps with the “khipu” written script?) Curiously one strand of the DNA code is like the first written script dated to 5000 BC. 14 generations X 3 X 120 years = 5040.

    • Yes Mark, according to the French in Fort Caroline, the Native peoples in the interior of Georgia, who became the Creek Indians, wore copper breast plate armor . . . or at least their leaders did. The people in South Carolina with broad swords may have been the Duhare . . . Early Medieval Irish immigrants from SE Ireland.


        Richard, Thanks for your articles….The Bronze age had arrived in Peru, West Mexico, and parts of the South by the 14th-15th Century’s at least. That is Indicating a merchant trade with those Gold /silver mining areas, also I read of a 14 foot skeleton found in North Georgia in the late 18 century….more written proof of a large species of man did exist. Little work by universities has been done to explain these skeletons called giants by peoples all over the world. The artwork of the Maya peoples, Egypt, Cambodia, and the Middle East all indicate the Kings were a much larger size man species…as you say the truth is out there somewhere.


    Is that a shield one of the defenders is carrying? And William Bartram mentions Creek heiroglyphic writing . There was much more going on here than archaeologists want to admit.

    • Yes, the Native warriors associated with Etula and Kusa carried rectangular shields. The Chiska carried round shields.


    Richard, what is that symbol on that rectangular shield…as the Chiska symbol seems to the circles within circles? Thanks for your reply.

    • The concentric circles on the soldiers with helmets is a symbol of Etula. The defender’s shield seems to have a backbone on it, or perhaps some sort of plant.


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