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Postscript: Mother of William McIntosh had a Jewish name

Postscript:  Mother of William McIntosh had a Jewish name

WilliamMcIntoshThe old photo above is of the original William McIntosh House on the Chattahoochee River in Carroll County, GA.  His grave is in the right foreground.  McIntosh was executed at this house in 1825 for violating the law that he himself earlier proposed to the National Council . . . No individual could sell Creek land to whites, without permission of the National Council.

Quite a few POOF readers in Oklahoma can trace their ancestry to Mikko William McIntosh.   In Anglicized history, his mother was known as Senoia.

Senoia, GA is now a major center of the movie and TV industry.  “The Walking Dead” is filmed there, among many other hit TV shows and blockbuster movies.

In 2015, at the request of some folks in Coweta County, where the town of Senoia is located, the Apalache Foundation investigated exactly who was Senoia?  No one could figure out what her name meant and what it’s origin was.

It turns out Senoia was the grand-daughter of Emperor Brim, the first High King of the Koweta-Creek Confederacy.  Her father was a Jewish trader, who operated a trading post, where the city of Senoia sits today.   In fact, the stone building still seems to be standing.  It was definitely a trading post during the early 1800s.   The building is currently for sale.

The Apalache Foundation have identified several extremely old stone buildings in the old Creek Confederacy that are definitely or probably Indian trading posts.  All were laid with clay mortar, which makes them very, very old.

Here is where it gets interesting.  Her real name was Senoy.  That is definitely not a Creek name.  A lot more research brought a big surprise.   Senoy is the name of an angel mentioned the Talmud.  Traditionally,  this angel’s name was inscribed on Jewish baby cradles, because he/she was traditionally the protector of children. Apparently, someone asked what the Jewish letters meant and then gave them to the baby girl as a name.

It is quite possible that Senoy’s mother was part Jewish.  How else can one explain a Talmudic angel’s name, being carved on a royal Creek baby’s cradle?

There is obviously much that we don’t know about the history of the Creeks prior to the Colony of Georgia being founded.

For more information on Southeastern Native Americans with Jewish heritage go to Native-Jewish Heritage.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    I don’t think the photo is old, but is of a modern replica of the McIntosh house.
    Good grief!! Senoia is a major center of the movie and tv industry?? I remember a little crossroads where about 13 people lived.


      It is not the house William McIntosh lived in as it was burned to the ground the night he was killed!

      • Yes, it was partially burned in the 1820s, but rebuilt. This is a very old photo of that renovated house. The renovated house was burned to the ground in the 20th century. The house that you see now is a reproduction, crafted from a real log house moved from Alabama

  2. This is the old house. The one that is there now is a reproduction. I remember seeing the old house when I was young, but vandals burned it. The state did a good job of copying the old house in the reconstruction.


    Amazing how many Jewish traders keep popping up in the S/E. I worked in the Washington Co. Courthouse as a youth and found a Spanish document in Record Book A telling of a Jewish trader complaining of being robbed and having his ears cut off by Creek bandits. You have to remember Washington Co. originally extended from the Chattahoochie (S?) in the East to the Pearl river in the west. Our family oral history (Creek, Howard) tells that the punishment for adultery was to have your ears cut off. I don’t know if he was robbed but I think he was fooling around! Thanks again for knowledge brought to the light!

    • I believe that you are absolutely right. They were not bandits, but male relatives of the offended Creek husband


    Could William be related to my grandmother Perlina McIntosh who was born in Montgomery County, Kentucky? Did they use the name McIntosh a lot with the Indians? My great grandmother lived on the reservation to which my grandmother would visit taking step-daughter. This aunt passed before I was old enough to get history and rest of family were moved to Ohio while young so no one knew history.

    • Probably not, but who knows? The McIntosh’s were a prominent family in Colonial Georgia. They split in half during the American Revolution between Tories and Patriots. Some of the Tories married Creek Indians – a grandson becoming William McIntosh the Creek chief. It is possible that some Georgia McIntosh’s ended up in Kentucky.


    Family said she was Cherokee. Where can I start looking? She was born in 1833. Passed away in her early 40’s while still in Kentucky.


    According to Jewish lore, Lilith refused to submit to Adam, and left him. God sent three angels, Senoy, Sansenoy and Semangelof, to help him find her.
    She was eventually found in the Red Sea. The angels threatened her. If she did not return to her husband, one hundred of her sons would die every day. Lilith responded that she was created to harm new born children, and would retaliate. But she made an oath that she would not harm a child wearing an amulet with the images or names of the three angels inscribed on it.

    • That is very interesting Brian. I am not the webmaster of this website, so I don’t normally get notified unless it is a reply to one of my comments. A Jewish friend of mine had a Kabal book, which contained prayers to Senoy for protecting children.


    Same way you explain why there are lots of Indian girls with the Arabic name Mahala or the name Roannah or Partheny/Parthenia or Minirvy/Minerva. Some white settlers who liked peculiar names married into a Creek family.

    That said, it’s possibly. A DNA test revealed some stealth Jewish ancestry on my mother’s side—and my family’s been here so long that it has to have happened here for there to be any trace. The only place that it really could have happened was in the Shenandoah Valley. After the Iroquois finished their extermination program west of the Appalachians, they popped up in Shenandoah Valley, to the horror of the colonial governor. So the governor decided to invite over lots of oppressed religious people who would be a buffer—they would get slaughtered by Indian, if it came to that, and not other settlers. That’s how a number of my ancestors came to the colonies—Huguenots and Quakers. But Jews were among them, too.

    Their descendants quickly moved down the Great Valley to much of the North-of-tidewater South. A lot of the weirder names that filtered from the Europeans to various Indian tribes comes from this group. In fact, I’m related to a number of them—I’m the white cousin! (I blip on East Asian, so there’s probably some tiny hint of Indian there, but considering how many tribal relatives I have among the Cherokee especially, it’s hardly surprising.)

    • Wrong. Mahala is the Creek word for teacher. It is written in the Creek alphabet as Mvhvlv and derived from the Creek verb, Mvhv, which means to teach.


    Howdy, Just read an article stating stone axes found in the Miami Circle have been traced to Piedmont
    near Macon. Just a thought as to age of the circle or it’s use.

    • I saw that article too. However, the stone they ascribed to the Macon Area, ain’t there. It is in the region around Dahlonega, GA in the Georgia Mountains. Macon is a sedimentary and metamophosed sedimentary rock area. Greenstone is associated with e Georgia Gold Belt.


    Howdy, Thanks. As I do not know Georgia history. Do the stone axes as found lead to any time line…plus what
    distance or trade routes would be involved?

    • Captain Rene de Laudonniere, Commander of Fort Caroline (1564-1565) stated that the Apalache in Northeast Georgia had grown wealthy exporting greenstone axes and wedges, plus gold chains to other parts of North America. The greenstone deposits, just north of Dahlonega produced axes and wedges that would not break. Greenstone is a type of jade. The axes came down the Oconee River to the Altamaha River then were transported by canoe or porters to regions farther south. The Apalache of Georgia were the real Apalache. The word is what the Creeks called themselves. The Spanish mistakenly placed that name on a tribe in the Florida Panhandle, who had a village named Apalachen, but spoke a Southern Arawak language from Peru.


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