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Soque-Sautee Research Project: Stone ruins and mounds were planned with mathematical precision to monitor the sun, moon and stars.

Soque-Sautee Research Project:  Stone ruins and mounds were planned with mathematical precision to monitor the sun, moon and stars.

Do not trespass!  All mounds are on private property. 

The center point of the Alec Mountain Stone Circle is the exact same elevation (2001 feet – 610m) as the Westmoreland Petroglyphs on Chimney Mountain, which the Apalache Research Foundation team studied on the weekend of March 30, 2019! See Chimney Mountain.

The Alec Mountain Archaeological Zone is an extraordinary example of indigenous American town planning that has been completely forgotten by the archaeological profession, since Dr. Arthur Kelly measured and “poked around” the Alec Mountain Stone Circle in the early 1950s.  Even an astute archaeologist as Kelly completely missed the extremely large mounds near the road that he drove to reach the stone circle.  This is a 700+ acre  town site that probably contained at least 2,000 people.  It was probably the capital of the Sokee People, but right now, we are not certain of the ages of these ruins or who built them.  Local residents told me that the ground throughout this town site is littered with potsherds, stone tools and weapon points.  At many locations I observed evidence of the alteration of the natural landscape by mankind.  There is a raised causeway that connects the Arnold Mound with Mound C.  We strongly suspect that stone structures near the Alec Mountain Stone Circle were cisterns for storing rain water.  There are several plazas on the mountain ridges nearby, which apparently were villages sites of the elite. 

  • The Arnold Mound is located in northwestern Habersham County, Georgia in the Amy’s Creek Valley.  It is tilted at about 15 1/2 degrees WNW from True North.  this orientation is perpendicular to a line running from the center of the mound to the center of the Alec Mountain Stone Circle.  That is the mirror-image of the orientation of Teotihuacan in Mexico and the large proto-Creek town of Potauli on the Lower Chattahoochee River in Georgia, USA.   The mound is about 315 feet (96 m) long and 165 feet (50.3 m) wide.  There is also a 75 feet by 25 feet ramp on the northern end.  It is currently as much as 28 feet high, but about 20 years ago, Habersham County employees scraped about 15 feet of soil off the top to use as fill dirt for road construction.  However, this is just the beginning of the amazing mathematical precision of this town site.
  • The Alec Mountain Stone Circle is an oval stone masonry structure, not a ring of boulders as described in a sketch by one 20th century archaeological journal.  It may in fact, been a terraced, stone walled plaza . . . as it is built on approximately a 10 % slope.  Its long axis is 100 feet (30.5 m) long.  Its short axis is 89 feet (27 m) long.  There is an opening in the wall and an access ramp that aligns with the Amos Creek Burial Mound and the Winter Solstice Sunset.  On the uppermost terrace of the structure are stone ruins of a temple or shrine.
  • The Arnold Mound is an oval earthen structure that contains a considerable number of rocks at the top.  These are probably the ruins of buildings or shrines.  The long axis is approximately 315 feet (96 m), which is the length of the long axis of the Alec Mountain Stone Circle x π (Pi~3.1416)!  That’s right.  Whoever built this town had an advanced knowledge of trigonometry.  Remember the formula from high school geometry . . . A =  πR² ?   You see, since the various structures are at such very different elevations, it would only be possible to create such precision with an advanced knowledge of trig.  The hypotenuse (line) between the center of the Arnold Mound and the Alec Mountain Stone Circle is 2,572 ft (784 m) long!
  • The Arnold Mound is 2,035 ft (620.33 m) due south of Mound D, which overlooks a Mesoamerican Ball Court about 330 feet (100.6 m) long.
  • The Amos Creek Burial Mound is about 180 feet (55 m) in diameter and 30 feet (9.1 m) tall.  It is 1000 feet (304.8 m) due south of Mound C.
  • The mathematical interrelationships between the structures in the Alec Mountain Archaeological Zone create several equilateral and isosceles triangles, which were probably used for monitoring movements and cycles of the heavenly bodies.

On March 30 and 31, I videotaped the Alec Mountain Archaeological Zone.  I am also creating a three dimensional virtual reality computer model of this section of the Amy’s Creek Valley, plus architectural 3D models of the Alec Mountain Stone Circle and the Arnold Mound.  These images will be worked into a documentary film, which will be posted on the People of One Fire Youtube Channel in the near future.  Subscribers will be notified, when this film is posted.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Is the circular structure stone structure in Batesivlle related these structures? Has the People of One Fire trip already been taken to this to this structure?

    • We start working in the Batesville Area next Saturday. Do you know where the circular structure is in Batesville? Meet us at 12 Noon on Saturday April 6, if you want to help out.


        Thank you. I do not know the exact location of the circular structure in Batesville. I have not seen it before, but I have always wanted to. I know the general area surrounding the property where the structure is located because I live in the area. I would like to come. Where will you be meeting?


    Richard, Thanks for your articles. I noticed in your article another alignment with the number 15. Do you know of any Native peoples that used a 15 sign Zodiac? Perhaps that has something to do what all these 15 degrees from North alignments. Is that oval mound aligned with any of the other stone monuments or Earth mounds in Tenn. ? Sounds like A major find by you Richard.

    • The 15 1/2 degree tilt is believed to be related to the movement of the Pleiades Constellation across the sky. I do not know if anyone knows how many constellations the Southeastern indigenous peoples recognized. Until very recently, most academicians assumed that American Indians were too primitive to look up into the sky.


        Richard, I concur with you about what most academics know about the highly advanced monuments of the Native Americans. Pleiades is associated with new stars, sailing, comets and the “forked eye” symbols found from Teotihuacan to the Ocmulgee site which was burned in 1015 AD most likely on purpose because of a major impact in the Atlantic from the Star sector of the Pleiades. That impact resulted in the destruction of many people in Europe and America.
        According to this article the Ocmulgee Parakusa site had in its design a bird design with a forked eye and the same symbol is connected to the horned serpent symbol as well. The site you have discovered does seem to have some design like the forked eye.


          UK author Keith Hunter has some videos and books about ancient astrology and what the heavenly alignments were at various momentous events both geologically and culturally. Many an ancient civilization noted the Pleiades with glyphs cave/cliff paintings and rock formations. They had a lot of time on their hands at night and they studied the stars as intently as the land on which they lived. Over time, it was noted that a lot of big things happened when the Pleiades were in certain alignments. I don’t know a lot about it, but happened onto a Youtube video and found it most interesting. No doubt civilizations all over the world came to notice the same things. Maybe they even had a little celestial aid from the heavens.


    i am curious as to how the precession of the earth since those times have affected the data.


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