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The Coweta Creek Confederacy . . . announcement of enrollment prior to petition for Federal recognition

The Coweta Creek Confederacy . . . announcement of enrollment prior to petition for Federal recognition


The Coweta Creek Confederacy invites all persons of Creek, Seminole, Uchee, Chickasaw, Black Seminole, Savano-Shawnee, Natchez Refugees and Toasi (Taino Arawak) ancestry, who can legally prove that the federal government has previously recognized this person, family or a direct ancestor, as an American Indian, to be enrolled in the tribe and have his or her name listed in the Petition for Federal Recognition that is about to be presented to the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Traditional territories

The traditional territories of the Creek, Chickasaw, Uchee, Savano and Natchez Refugees peoples includes:

(1) All of Alabama

(2) All of Georgia

(3) All of South Carolina except north of Winyah Bay and east of the Wateree River

(4) All of Florida

(5) All of Tennessee

(6) The western half of Kentucky

(7) Extreme Southwestern Virginia (Tamahiti People)

(8)  Western North Carolina and the Upper Pee Dee River Basin in south-central North Carolina

Legal basis of Petition for Federal Recognition

The legal premise of this petition for formal federal recognition is a little different than those of most tribes, because all names on the petition must have proof that the federal government has already recognized their family as American Indians and that they can prove via the US census that their family either lived on tribal lands or in the same community within the traditional territory of the Creek Confederacy until at least 1905.  This is very important because a key requirement of federal recognition is that the petitioners must have been associated with a Native American community at a specific location for an extended period of time.

We cannot emphasize enough that all petitioners must prove association with a long established Native American community, which in some way were recognized as such by the United States government.  Even if you are legitimately of Native American descent, but cannot prove that your family was associated with a specific Native American community or geographical area for an extended period of time, we cannot list your name on the petition.  However, you and your family will definitely be considered at a future date for enrollment. This proof of recognition may include:

(1) Listed on rolls of a federally-recognized tribe.

(2) Family listed on the 1937 Southeastern Creek Docket by the US Department of Justice

(3) Family listed as American Indians or members of a specific tribe by the US Census.

(4) Direct descendant of an ancestor, who signed a treaty with Great Britain or the US Government.

(5) Member or ancestor of a member was listed as an American Indian by a branch of the US armed forces, Coast Guard, a federal agency (employer) or the army of the Confederate States of America.  In other words, if the United States government classified you as an American Indian or Native American, when it employed you,  you have already been federally recognized as an individual.

(6) Family was given a reserve for service as American Indians in the American Revolution, the War of 1812 (including the Red Stick War) or the Seminole Wars.

(7) Family received an allotment as American Indians in the Creek Treaties of 1805, 1814,1817, 1818, 1825, 1827, 1832 or 1836.

Automatic compliance with enrollment criteria

The traditional Creek, Uchee and Natchez Refugee communities that automatically meet these criteria include, but are not limited to the following:

(1) All State-recognized Creek, Uchee and Natchez tribes along the coast of South Carolina.  These tribes were originally recognized by the Province of South Carolina prior to the American Revolution.

(2) The Cove on the Flint River in Georgia.  This Creek community was founded by a signer of the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs.  Because execution warrants had been issued by the Creek National Council, these Creeks hid there and remained after removal of most Creeks to Alabama, and ultimately, the Indian Territory.

(3) The dozen or so Creek communities, located on the Lower Chattahoochee River in Georgia, Alabama and Florida that were relocated via imminent domain by the US Army Corps of Engineers prior to the construction of Lake Seminole and Lake Eufaula.  The feasibility study, prepared by the US Army Corps of Engineers for these reservoirs specially labeled these communities as being “Creek Indians.”

(4) Traditional Native American communities in Ruckers Bottom and Savannah River/Broad River Basins in Elbert, Madison, Stephens, Hart, Wilkes, Lincoln and Columbia Counties, GA and Anderson County, SC.  During the period between 1752 and 1776, the Provinces of Georgia and South Carolina intentionally relocated Creeks and Uchees from the Low Country to this area to create a barrier between white settlements and the Cherokees.  These communities were for the most part, allies of the Patriots during the American Revolution, and thus were excommunicated by the Tory Creek Principal Chief Alexander McGillivray.  Creek/Uchee Patriot families fought along side their white neighbors, when the region was attack by Upper Creeks in the period between 1777 and 1794.  Many family members remained in the same region until removed via imminent domain by the US Army Corps of Engineers to create Lake Russell.

(5) All traditional Creek, Seminole and Black Seminole communities in Florida.

(6) The Ware County Indians in the Okefenokee Swamp Basin, who were removed by the US Government in the 1930s and 1940s in order to create the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge.

(7) The Altamaha River Creeks, who were forcibly removed from the Altamaha River Basin in the mid-20th century via quick claim deeds and court mandated evictions in order to create large tracts of land for paper companies to grow pulpwood pines.

(8) Your family was a member of a church congregation over several generations, whose majority of members were listed on the US Census as American Indians.  This type of church congregation constitutes a Native American community.

No gambling permitted

The Constitution of the Coweta Creek Confederacy, Inc. prohibits association with or sponsorship of any form of gambling.   If you disagree with that clause, you will NOT be enrolled.

Tribal headquarters

The tribe’s headquarters is located in the Nacoochee Valley of Northeast Georgia. Leaders will be elected from members throughout the traditional Creek-Chickasaw-Uchee-Seminole territories.   The Nacoochee Valley was the last known location of the capital of the Kingdom of Apalache.  The capital disappeared from the maps after 1705.

Information required for being listed on petition for Federal recognition

(1) Full name of member

(2) Branch of military that labeled you an American Indian (including period of military service), name of federally recognized Native American ancestor, Native American community, existing tribal or former tribal community that occupied the same location until forcibly removed by a federal agency.

(3) Full address, preferred email address and preferred telephone number

(4) Social Security number

(5) Recent photograph . . . same criteria as used on US Passport


For now, merely send your name, address, email address and phone number to   However, you will have to prepare a typed affidavit containing all of the above information that has been notarized in the final phase of enrollment into the tribe and federal recognition.

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Thanks for the update, I feel like we are being called home. I pray this is not a trick, my forefathers and mothers have hidden us from harm to long to trust this country again.

    • Not a trick. I was the architect of Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial. They came to me. I didn’t even know about the project.


    Hi Richard,
    Does this call include Blackfoot and Shawnee? My Grandmother claimed to be Blackfoot, and was from western Kentucky/southeastern Indiana area

    • Many Shawnee moved south to Alabama and joined the Creek Confederacy. The Southern Shawnee were already members. You can see Savano towns mixed in with towns with Creek names along the Savannah, Ocmulgee and Chattahoochee Rivers. However, I have never read any material that discusses the Saponi (Blackfeet) joining the Confederacy.


    I really hope this would come to being. It would be nice to gain recognition; it’s not about money. My grandfather along with his grandmother traveled in a covered wagon to Oklahoma from Mississippi to claim Indian land about 1900 but we’re turned away because they had not been living on the reservation the year prior. It was not the blood issue. They never tried again.

    • It is not certain that we will have finances for a reservation in the near future, but we will become increasingly active. Please contact me at the email address in this article and we will put your family on the tentative list.


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