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The ORIGINAL Migration Legend of the Creek People

“The chances of rediscovering the original English translation of the Migration Legend of the Creek People are therefore almost as slim as recovering the lost books of Livy’s History”  (Roman historian)

Albert Samuel Gatschet, 1881
Ethnologist at the Smithsonian Institute

“Say what-t-t-t?  Never say never!”

Bubba Mountain Lion – June 1, 2015

Yesterday I had the singular honor of being the first American and Native American in 280 years to view the original Migration Legend of the Creek People.  It was recorded by Colonial Secretary, Thomas Christie, from  Mary Musgrove’s translation of  High King Chiliki’s speech on June 7, 1735.  The cover letter (below) for transmitting the Migration Legend to the Georgia Board of Trustees in London and King George I was written by Christie on July 6, 1735.  The bison vellum, portraying the Apalache (Georgia Highland Creek) writing system, was attached to this cover letter.  The remaining pages of the Migration Legend are currently being transcribed.



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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

1 Comment


    I am excited and eagerly awaiting this translation. My family history have us descending from English and Creek bloodline. After the Creek wars our Ancestor settled in Washington Co., Alabama and free ranged sheep and cattle. They kept isolated to stay in Alabama.
    What are your thoughts of the Creek migration described by Le Clerc Milfort and the “Big Warrior” in volume 1 of Pickett’s History of Alabama? Thanks again for your time and energy you have expended for people, like me, who want to know the truth about our heritage.


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