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Update: Bronze Age research appears to be headed toward an astonishing discovery

Update:  Bronze Age research appears to be headed toward an astonishing discovery


POOF cannot mention this British scholar’s name right now, but his initial findings will “blow you away.”

Life is indeed a box of chocolates.  Had not US Naval Intelligence not asked me to make contact with several Maya separatist and insurgent groups in Chiapas State, Mexico and southern Guatemala, while on my fellowship,  I probably would have never recognized the significance of the Track Rock Terrace Complex.  The Itza, Lake Atitlan and Kekchi Maya terrace complexes were not on the syllabus approved by my mentor, Dr. Román Piña Chán.   They are still not tourist attractions.

The same thing could be said about the remarkable discoveries that I have made in 2017 concerning the cultural connections between Bronze Age Scandinavia and the artistic traditions of the Creeks and Mayas.  On the morning after I graduated from Georgia Tech, I boarded a British Airways jet and flew off to a job in Sweden that I didn’t apply for.  I didn’t know why I was hired by the LandskronaStadsArkitektKontoret (City Architect’s office in Landskrona, Sweden) until I was halfway over the Atlantic Ocean. 

Heck, I couldn’t even pronounce the word and didn’t even know how to say “hello” in Swedish, when I stepped off the ferry in Landskrona.  You see . . . at the time, we did not even have diplomatic relations with Sweden because of the anger by the Swedish government over Richard Nixon’s orders to invade Cambodia and Laos and the use of anti-personnel bombs on Vietnamese civilians, which contained mica flakes that could not be detected by xrays. It was identical to a scene in Mission Impossible . . . I mean IDENTICAL. 

As fate would have it,  my job was in the heart of the ancient Scandinavian Bronze Age Civilization . . . which was not even mentioned in the textbooks I had used in college.  The rest of Scandinavia’s history was barely mentioned. 

As fate would have it again,  my bosses Stadsarkitekt (City Architect) Gunnar Lydh and Stadsplanner Alex Petersen, were very interested in archaeology, in particular, the Bronze and Viking Ages.  Lydh has a Wikipedia article on him . . .  see  Gunnar LydhOn my second day of employment,  Lydh took me on a boat to visit Ven Island in the Oresund Channel.  He then took me straight to the site of an important Bronze Age town, which is now the location of what is probably the oldest church in Scandinavia, Sanct Ibbs Kyrka.   He explained that the church was intentionally built on a Bronze Age ceremonial site.  He showed me many petroglyphs.  Even at my youthful level of knowledge, I instantly recognized that many of the symbols were considered sacred by the Creek Indians.  This fact has always bothered me.

Again as fate would have it.  The location of the Bronze Age town was near the planned location of the pedestrian village, I was to design . . . AND the best location to observe all ships of the Soviet Navy, which had to pass Ven to get to the Atlantic Ocean.  Also, all Soviet subs had to surface there, because the water suddenly becomes very shallow.   In Medieval times, a massive chain was stretched across the water to force ships to pay a toll.  It was a major source of income for the King of Denmark.  There was an entire wing of the Landskrona Museum dedicated to the Bronze Age.  The city is ringed with burial mounds, identical to those of the Woodland Period in the Southeast and Ohio.

So . . .  that is why I was able to quickly pick up in the shared cultural symbols of Bronze Age Scandinavia,  the Creek Indians and the Mayas.  However, until 20 years had passed, I could not have legally told anyone why I was so knowledgeable on the Highland Mayas and the Bronze Age culture on Ven Island, Sweden.   By the way,  the Swedish Navy and Coast Guard knew that I was there. I was not spying on Sweden.  Pro-American Swedish naval officers even provided me an official Swedish girl friend, who was President of the College Division of the Center Party and pro-NATO.  She liked to go topless, when we bicycled on Ven Island.   It was a very pleasant way to serve one’s country. On the other hand, I am quite certain that Socialist Prime Minister Olav Palme did not know that I was there.

I never saw the project that I designed . . . but it’s looking mighty spiffy nowadays! Note the ancient church and stone ruins on top of the cliff.

One week, I was working 24/7 to finish my architectural thesis . . . not knowing if I would graduate or not . . . I got an A! . . . the next week I was sitting on the top of that cliff, looking for the baby blue colored ships of the Soviet Navy and daydreaming about that pretty young Svenska flicka, named Agnetha (as in the first A in ABBA a year later) who was playing Mary Magdalene in “Jesus Christ Superstar.”  Yes, it was surrealistic.

But. . .

I just don’t have any educational background in European Bronze Age cultural history and languages.  POOF had to get help from European scholars on this line of research.  Irish and Swedish anthropology professors have already been extremely helpful.

Recently, a POOF subscriber, who is an English archaeologist,  offered to act as an intermediary with a man, who is probably the leading expert on Eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age writing systems.   He is the first person, who has been able to translate a significant percentage of the mysterious Linear A alphabet, used by the Minoan Civilization.   Wikipedia tells you that it has not been translated.  This gentleman is turning the world of European archaeology upside down.  He is currently living in Canada, but his research is focused on the island of Crete, where the Minoan Civilization was centered. Our intermediary  forwarded photographs of the Metcalf Stone,  a mysterious stone tablet found in a barbecue pit near Columbus, GA . . . but she only told him that it was an artifact found in the State of Georgia, USA.  

His first response was that the letters looked like Linear A, but that was impossible, unless someone illegally picked up a stone tablet in Crete then dropped it on the banks of the Chattahoochee River.  I sent back photos of all four sides of the Tugaloo Stone, which portrays, among other things, several Bronze Age ships on its sides.   He immediately wrote back, “Those are Bronze Age ships!  I will now have to change all my theories!”  

I then emailed him photographs of some of the other boulders in North Georgia that contain Bronze Age European symbols. I told him that numerous bronze weapons and tools have been found in Georgia by highly respected archaeologists, associated with the Smithsonian Institute and Harvard University.  These discoveries are actually listed in their archaeological reports, but have been conveniently “forgotten” by Georgia archaeologists.  I also mentioned that the Bronze Age petroglyphic boulders are concentrated in the section of the Georgia Mountains, which contains large deposits of gold, copper, greenstone and gemstones.

It would be inappropriate for POOF to mention this scholar’s name until he publishes a report on his findings with his name on it.  However, he has already confirmed that what I interpreted as being Bronze Age symbols and ships on numerous boulders in North Georgia are indeed that.  Two years ago, Irish archaeologists confirmed that the Reinhardt Petroglyphic Boulder was almost identical to several boulders on the Dingle Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland.

The story of North America has just been turned upside down.




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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Good work Richard…very glad for the progress and look forward to more info. on this.

  2. Thank you . . . just wanted everybody to understand that most of the interpretation of the extensive Bronze Age artifacts in Georgia will have to come from scholars in Europe. I don’t have a background in that area, like I do in Mesoamerican Civilization. I can recognize identical artistic symbols, but there is no way I can translate ancient writing systems from Europe.


    So pleased we were of some help Richard. Looks interesting doesn’t it.


    Richard…. Very interesting! Are there any traditional stories passed down that would corroborate this?

    • Only from the Uchee. According to their tradition, they sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to reach the Savannah Area. There was no one living in the Lower Southeast, but they could see the ruins of very old towns, which let them know, someone had come here before then.


    Amazing information! I just love this wonderful website! I don’t believe my posts are being posted though? I’ve been wanting to share a few pictures of my beautiful, small (little bigger than a quarter) brass pendant that was sent to me from a friend in Indiana. She found it about 2 feet under ground, very close to a tree. I cleaned it and it shines like the sun and gets warm very quickly.

    The shape is round, with a tiny hole for maybe a piece of thread to fit through. It has doubled, close lines with a small circle at the end of each point, that form into what I would say, a cross of some kind? In the empty areas in between, are some kind of axe, partial circle looking shapes, that have each, two small circles with inverted V’s under each circle. There are four of these axe like shapes on the pendant. Difficult to express, and I would love to share it here, but I’m not sure how exactly to do so.

    No one has been able to figure it out, as my friend has asked people in the area.


    • It was probably a gorget that a Native American made out of a sheet of brass. Creeks did this also from sheets of copper, brass, silver and pewter.


        Richard, could you tell us more about the metal gorgets of the Creeks? I am especially interested in documenting the ancient brass. Do you have photos, drawings, references descriptions, or stories you could share? I have heard of the five copper and two brass tablets resembling breastplates or shields of ancient soldiers inscribed with writing of some sort (mentioned by Adair, Swanton and others), but was unaware of the silver and pewter. I would love to hear more.


        • Hey Utahna
          Being an architect-city planner, I have concentrated on the architecture and town layouts of the Southeastern Indigenous Peoples. Check with the Anthropology Department of the University of Alabama.

          Richard T.


      Virginia, I would love to see photos of your pendant. If you would like, send an email to:


    Hey Richard,
    Cant wait to see how far the rabbit hole goes!


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