Video: How your Creek ancestors really danced
Footloose Singing and Dirty Dancing!
This particular video from Peru caught my eye because the Caushibo youth are performing a dance that was described over 400 years ago by French explorers on the coast of South Carolina. Caushibo is also what the Native peoples on the South Carolina coast called themselves. The British changed that to Cusabo. The Cusabo eventually joined the Creek Confederacy. Note that the young ladies are carrying palmetto fronds, while the young men are carrying paddle shaped war clubs. The men are wearing “Creek” long shirts, while both genders are wearing turbans. That is exactly as the French described them.
Conibo – Swift Creek Pottery – Apalache, Conas, Conasee, Cullasee and Coweta branches of Creek Confederacy
Shipibo – Napier Pottery – Apalache, Abikara and Koasati branches of Creek Confederacy
Caushibo – Kusa and Cusabo branches of Creek Confederacy
Ossabaw Island, GA – Anglicization of Caushibo word, Asebo, which means “Place of the Yaupon Holly.” The Conibo, Shipibo and Caushibo still today make the Sacred Black Drink from a South American cousin of the Yaupon Holly. Most South Americans call this popular beverage, mate‘.
Introduction to the video of Conibo-Shipibo-Caushibo dancing
The slow mournful songs and slow, shuffling dances that you see today in Oklahoma have no relevance to the vibrant cultural traditions that their ancestors once enjoyed in the Southeast. French explorers such as La Roche Ferrière (1565) and British explorers such as John Lawson (1700) all described ancestral Creek songs as exuberant, plus full of shouts, bird calls and war whoops.
Lawson stated that Creek young people, unlike virtually all other tribes he had known, “dated” and practiced “free love” from five to ten years before marriage, so they would have no wanderlust after settling down. Young Creek women used herbal contraceptives before and after marriage so that they typically did not have their first child until around 24-25 years old. Whereas in all other tribes, he had known, the women were expected to have as many babies as possible, since many children died before adulthood, the Creek ideal was to have 2-3 healthy children. They sound quite modern, don’t they?
European missionaries were horrified at the syncopated, suggestive dancing of the young people and especially the practice of women going topless in the warm months. Both European men and women became nervous when they heard the shouts and whoops that accompanied traditional Creek songs . . . they assumed that the singers were doing war dances. More likely, knowing the Creeks, they were merely thinking about the hot date they had the night before. LOL
Eventually, the successive waves of plagues, wars, land and forced migrations broke the spirit of the people . . . erasing much of their cultural memories and joy for life. By the 1840s, missionaries were able to remake many of the Native peoples, resettled in Oklahoma, into melancholy clones of boring 19th century New England Puritans. What is called today, “Traditional Muskogee songs” are really mid-19th century Shaped Note Protestant hymns, translated into Muskogee.
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