We will have to rethink the early history of the Mayas and indeed . . . North America
Geologists have determined that the Proto-Maya glyphs above were carved into granite rock around 2000 BC. They are located near the Swedish city of Nyköping, which is on the coast of the Baltic Sea. These are some of the oldest petroglyphs in Scandinavia and do not resemble at all, typical Bronze Age Swedish petroglyphs from later eras.
Nyköping is pronounced exactly like “New Shopping” and means the same.
HOWEVER . . . things are actually even more bewildering than they seem. As will be explained later in this article, three of the most important religious symbols of the Bronze Age Scandinavians, Celtic Age Europeans, plus the Uchee and Creek Peoples of the Southeastern United States appear to have originated in North America around 3500 BC or earlier. Only much later did they become incorporated into the Maya writing system. The earliest known Maya inscriptions date from the Third Century, BC.
During the past hour, I have made more progress, translating the petroglyphs of North Georgia and at Judiculla Rock, North Carolina than in the previous ten years. Yesterday, I sent an inquiry to the College of Archeology and Ancient History at Lund University . . . where I took classes many years ago in Swedish Medieval architectural history and historic preservation. The school now even has a Masters Level Archaeology program, taught in English . . . geared to international students.
I hoped they would have some information about the meaning of the Bronze Age petroglyphs in Sweden, since most scholars seem to be only interested in Viking Age runic writing. During the Neolithic and most of the Bronze Age, ethnic groups inhabited Scandinavia, who were quite different in appearance than the modern Scandinavians. What the staff member sent back is mostly written in English. It enables me to translate most of the symbols on several petroglyphic boulders.
Some of these glyphs are identical to glyphs utilized by at least some of the Maya city states. Most of the numbers, consisting of bars and dots, are identical to those of the Mayas. What really makes these 4,000 year old glyphs resonate is that most of the glyphs are surrounded by boxes with rounded corners. This was always assumed to be a feature exclusive to Maya script. It obviously began about 2, 000 years earlier that always assumed by archaeologists.
Do you realize the astonishing implications of this chart? All of Georgia’s petroglyphic boulders are located in the Georgia Gold Belt. The Tugaloo Stone, which portrays Bronze Age ships, was originally located at the head of navigation for the Savannah River. An ancient trade path led from that location to the gold fields in the Nacoochee Valley. It is now obvious that at some time period between 2400 BC and perhaps 1200 BC, Nordic traders were mining gold, copper and probably, gems in the Southern Appalachian Mountains of North America.
It is quite common to see engraved footprints on Swedish and Norwegian petroglyphic sites, but they are rare elsewhere in Europe. Some are six-toed. Footprints also were carved on several of Georgia’s petroglyphic boulders and also the many petroglyphs at Parawan Gap, Utah. The meaning of these footprints is not quite clear to Scandinavian or North American archaeologists.
Sun Wheel, Sacred Fire or Medicine Wheel Symbol
It is very strange that the indigenous peoples of the Americas never created wheeled vehicles. The earliest “stonehenges” . . . circular ceremonial and astronomical sites created by arranging boulders and field stones . . . were in Alberta Province, Canada at least as early as 3500 BC. Such forms of communal architecture did not appear in the British Isles until about 500 years later.
Between around 1800 BC and the period when Rome conquered most of western Europe, the Sun Wheel was endemic in all forms of Northern European art. It was very rare for petroglyphs not contain sun wheels. They were almost as common in metal objects , destined for ceremonial use. The unconquered Germans and Scandinavians continued to hold the Sun Wheel sacred until they were donverted to Christianity. Its appearance diminished greatly during the period that Rome ruled Western Europe, but it was resurrected permanently when the Gaelic peoples of Scotland and Ireland converted to Christianity. They incorporated the pagan Sun Wheel into the Gaelic Cross!
It is not clear when the Sun Wheel symbol became the Sacred Fired symbol of the Uchee People and ancestors of the Creek People. However, the symbol must have been sacred long before it appeared on shell gorgets and clothing. Archaeologist Warren K. Moorehead excavated clothing on the remains of a leader or priest, who lived during the first or second phase of the Etowah Mounds occupation. The cloth was dyed indigo blue then white and black Sacred Fire symbols were embedded into the pattern.
The smaller cross pattern on the left, is the Maya and Creek symbol for the planet Venus. It also appears in Bronze Age Scandinavian art and petroglyphs. However, the cross symbol is generally ignored by European anthropologists, perhaps because they think that it is such a universal symbol for “something” that is is not worthy of study.
Perhaps this symbol is the most astonishing connection between Bronze Age Scandinavia and Pre-Columbian North America. The oldest known examples come from southern Sweden and the Bornholm Island . . . perhaps in the range of 1800 BC to 1200 BC. The earliest example in North America is on Boulder Six at Track Rock Gap, Georgia, which dates from at least 1200 BC, but may be older. The earliest appearance in Maya Script is about 0 AD or slightly earlier.
This was the first glyph, which was “cracked” by Dr. David Stuart, who is now the world’s leading expert on Maya script. Like the cartouche that accompanies the names of ancient Egyptian pharoah’s, this one is the instant indicator of a Maya king’s name.
The symbol may have originally meant a “medicine wheel” in very ancient North America, but in Scandinavia, the Southeastern United States and in southern Mexico, it definitely came to mean the “Great Sun” or high king of a province or city state. What is really remarkable is that the same symbol eventually reached the Southwestern United States. It is a fairly rare symbol there, but definitely appears at the Three Rivers Archaeological Zone near Tularosa, New Mexico.
Among the Mayas and Creek Indians, Sun Lords were the brothers and sisters of the High King. It is not clear whether Bronze Age Scandinavian Sun Lords were also siblings or close relatives of the king, but this is likely. The word in Maya and Itsate Creek is Hene Ahau. In Muskogee Creek, it is Heneha . . . and his the official title of the Second Chief of the Muscogee Creek Nation. The latter word is mentioned in the chronicles of the Pardo Expedition between 1567-1569.
Something that clearly cannot be explained currently is the use of a similar symbol in the ancient art of Kazakhstan. This large nation is landlocked in the heart of Asia. Theoretically, there could be no direct cultural contact between Kazakhstan, Scandinavia and North America. However, somehow there was. Ethnologists and art historians continue to argue as to whether this figure represents the Sun God, a Sun Lord or merely a shaman. UFO enthusiasts insist that it portrays extraterrestrials. What is even more bizarre is that the version of the Sun Lord symbol found on a group of petroglyphs in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada is very similar to the version seen in Kazakhstan!
The Scandinavian version of the symbol appears to portray a sunflower as the head of a human stick figure. The versions of this symbol in Georgia, North Carolina and Utah portrays an actual sunflower plant. The version found at the Peteborough petroglyphs and Kazakhstan look something like a light bulb on top of a human stick figure.
There is a problem, though. The sunflower is a large domesticated flower, which is indigenous to eastern North America. Sunflowers are today grown on a commercial scale in Denmark, southern Norway and southern Sweden, but they are not native. Does this mean that the progenitors of Bronze Age Civilization in Scandinavia came from North America?
Impact on your DNA tests
Undoubtedly, these Bronze Age gold miners in the Georgia Mountains left at least some of their DNA behind. This is especially likely among the Tokahle . . . known to the Seminoles as the Tokahsi (Tocasee). Tokahle means “Freckled People” in the Creek languages. They were called the Toque by the Spanish and the Tokee by British settlers in South Carolina. Their traditional homeland was the region, where the Tugaloo Stone was found.* Tugaloo is the Anglicization of the Cherokee mispronunciation of Tokahle.
* The Tugaloo Stone was originally located near the banks of the Tugaloo River, just above the headwaters of the Savannah River. For over 200 years it has lain on the grounds of the Traveler’s Rest Inn . . . now a Georgia state historic site. The carvings on this stone include three Bronze Age ships, plus many Scandinavian astronomical symbols.
The descendants of their marriages to indigenous women carried hybrid combinations of genes that were quite different than those pioneers, who traveled from Siberia to North America. Yet, after 4,000 years of living in North America the hybrid descendants of Nordic gold miners, would be considered indigenous.
Contemporary DNA tests assume that all American Indians came from Siberia or Southeast Asia. The primary determinant of Native American ancestry is the percentage of Asiatic DNA test markers. This approach definitely does not work for the Uchee, since they have always claimed to have crossed the Atlantic Ocean from the “Home of the Sun.” The only “Native American” DNA that will show up in a Uchee is that which was imported from AmerIndian tribes via intermarriage.
Creek and Seminole descendants of the Tocahle will show far lower levels of “Native American” DNA than is actually reflective of their percentage Native ancestry. Part of their European ancestry will actually be Europeans, who arrived on the continent of North America, three to thousand years ago.
The fact is that over the past 125 years professional archaeologists HAVE uncovered bronze and iron artifacts, which seemed to predate the arrival of 16th century Spanish and French explorers. They were especially common in sites along the Oconee and Altamaha River in eastern Georgia and along the upper Chattahoochee River in the Georgia Mountains.
Most archaeologists quietly listed these artifacts in their inventory and said no more, in order to avoid being crucified by their peers. The few, who did make any comments, explained the bronze axes and swords as being “dropped by Spanish explorers, such as the De Soto Expedition.”
The folks in Iberia, where Spain is located, stopped making bronze axes and swords around 500 BC!
As of today . . . it’s a brave new world out there!
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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history.Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.
Latest posts by Richard Thornton (see all)
- Georgia’s extraordinary petroglyphs traced to Bronze Age Crete, Sweden and Ireland . . . plus Mesoamerica - August 18, 2017
- Disturbing video of the occult’s approach to historic preservation - August 17, 2017
- Atlanta’s leaders are right . . . Don’t erase the Old South’s history! - August 15, 2017
- Update: Bronze Age research appears to be headed toward an astonishing discovery - August 15, 2017
- Very pertinent film from the Atlanta Board of Education in 1947 - August 14, 2017