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What is wrong with this Washington Post “anthropology” article?

What is wrong with this Washington Post “anthropology” article?

 

Ed Risse,  my boss at Richard P. Browne Associated, Inc. in Columbia, MD (when I was in my mid-20s) sent me this article.  It typified my complaints about the current state of anthropology in the United States and the blindly obedient journalists, who give them publicity.  The article was posted by the academicians as propaganda to refute those who believe people from the Old World reached the Americas between its initial settlement and the arrival of Columbus. The article states that discovery of an African strain of TB in Peruvian seals, proves that sea mammals, not humans visitors from the Old World, introduced TB to the Americas,  around 900-1000 AD.

What is wrong with this article?   Here is a map that will give you a hint.  Note the location of Peru.  Also, read an article on Southern Seal and Sea Lion migrations patterns.   In the summer, they migrate southward to colder waters near the Antarctic Ocean or even Antarctica itself. Also,  that time period of 900 AD to 1000 AD does sound a little fishy . . .  or should I say “sealy”?   It is when a second wave of settlers arrived on the Hawaiian Islands from Tahiti.  Well . . . it is also when people with names like Erik,  Urik, Ragmar, Heida and Brumhelda were sailing the oceans with their speedy långbåt’s. 

 

 

TB arrived at the New World before Europeans

New archeological evidence suggest that tuberculosis spread to the Americas from sea mammals before European explorers and settlers made contact with the New World, according to results of a study published in Nature.
Although modern strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the Americas closely match those from Europe — indicating that human TB was introduced after Columbus — the new findings show that seals and sea lions, or pinnipeds, acquired the disease from humans in Africa and then carried it to the Americas more than 1,000 years agoHm-m-m, now who was ranging the oceans in their långbåts  about this time?
“We found that the TB strains were most closely related to strains in pinnipeds… ” study researcher Anne Stone, PhD, of Arizona State University School of Human Evolution and Social Change, said in a press release. “What we found was really surprising. The ancient strains are distinct from any known human-adapted TB strain.”

Photo of a seal.

New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America.
Source: Sara Marsteller/Arizona State University
Stone and colleagues tested genetic samples collected from ancient human remains for TB DNA. Of 76 samples discovered at pre- and post-contact sites in the Americas, the researchers focused on three from Peru dating from 750 to 1350 AD that tested positive for the pathogen. The samples were compared to a large dataset of modern genomes and TB strains found in animals, which revealed that human TB disease was acquired from pinnipeds.
“Our results show unequivocal evidence of human infection caused by pinnipeds in pre-Columbian South America,” Stone said. “Within the past 2,500 years, the marine animals likely contracted the disease from an African host species and carried it across the ocean to coastal people in South America.”
According to Stone, the mammalian-adapted pathogen was later supplanted by modern TB strains after Europeans made contact with indigenous populations.
“We hypothesize that when the more virulent strains came, they quickly replaced the pinniped strains,” she said.
The researchers said the findings implicate the role of animals in TB transmission, and that future research should focus on the relationship between ancient and modern strains.

 

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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.

6 Comments

  1. Dbrewtonjr@gmail.com'

    The ancient aliens kept sea lions and seals as pets. They traveled with them between Africa, Egypt and Peru when supervising the building of the pyramids and other ancient wonders of the world. I thought you would already know this Richard.

    Reply
    • No I didn’t! I miss so much important information from network TV because I don’t have a TV and can’t afford cable service. NOT! Actually, I do watch streaming TV with Netflix and Youtube on my big computer graphics monitor . . . but have not been inclined to watch more shows of “Ancient Aliens” since seeing the first one, which claimed that space aliens built the Inca stone structures.

      Reply
  2. GARRETTLANDSURVEY@GMAIL.COM'

    Oh man you should watch Ancient Aliens and have a drinking game. Here is when you take a drink:

    -Everytime they use one of their experts to link a a terrestrial phenomenon to Aliens, They have about 5 which they use to represent every idea conceivable.

    -they mention “Chariot of the Gods”

    -mention of Greys

    -mention of Von Daniken

    -mention of Nazis, or their technology

    -mention of pyramids being beyond the capacity for humans to build

    – Everytime they leap about 10 rational steps to form any other hypothesis other than Aliens. Bonus shots for each step they ignore, if you can keep up because you would probably be tipsy by then.

    Be warned you will wake up with a severe hangover! lol

    Reply
  3. edward.triple@hotmail.com'

    Interestingly, the Brown fur seal is found both in Africa and Australia. From what we understand MULTIPLE waves of east Asian immigrants arrived in Tasmania starting around 40,000 years ago when it was still part of the Australian land mass. They were hunting seals up until European contact.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_fur_seal
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aboriginal_Tasmanians

    During the last glacial maximum you could practically walk from southeast Asia to Tasmania. Tasmania was also an extremely short island hopping distance from Antarctic sea ice 20,000 years ago where a veritable smorgasbord of high fat seals and penguins awaited anyone with a boat all the way to the tip of South America. That beats the vast food desert found in the equatorial Pacific hands down. With strong westerly winds and the circumpolar current to speed them along they could have arrived in the New World’s Patagonia in mere weeks. Perhaps that’s why they have such old This could have also easily occurred by accident, just like the 1682 event where the Inuit ended up in Scotland.

    http://www.scotese.com/images/LGM.jpg

    ‘Based on our kelp evidence, we think sea ice may have extended as far as Marion and Crozet islands and even past Macquarie Island, in roughly the 50° latitude zone.’

    http://www.antarctica.gov.au/magazine/2011-2015/issue-21-2011/subantarctic-forum/subantarctic-bull-kelp-suggests-ice-age-was-icier

    Move aside Beringia… There is another potential alternative route for East Asian DNA to have reached the Americas.

    Reply
  4. edward.triple@hotmail.com'

    I think I’ll call it the “Feastingia Hypothesis” lol!

    Basically it would entail New World immigrants arriving from Tasmania following the highest quality and most readily available food sources along the southern sea ice.

    Before we hear any crazy stories about 7 foot tall Patagonians let me pour some cold Antarctic water on that idea…

    “However, the Patagonian giant frenzy died down substantially only a few years later, when some more sober and analytical accounts were published. In 1773 John Hawkesworth published on behalf of the Admiralty a compendium of noted English southern-hemisphere explorers’ journals, including that of James Cook and John Byron. In this publication, drawn from their official logs, it became clear that the people Byron’s expedition had encountered were no taller than 6-foot-6-inch (1.98 m), very tall but by no means giants.”

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patagonia

    Reply

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