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Youtube . . . Early European Explorers in the Appalachian Mountains

Youtube . . . Early European Explorers in the Appalachian Mountains


This is the second program in the People Of One Fire’s series on the Concealed History of the Appalachian Mountains.  I am the narrator.  The video begins in my office at Asheville, North Carolina’s City Hall.  City Manager, Ken Michelove, directed me to meet with a group of professors from North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee, who were studying the routes of Hernando de Soto and Juan Pardo.  I only had the vaguest notion of who De Soto was and had no clue who Pardo was.   You will learn how history was fabricated in the late 20th century.

The program then turns to brief accounts of Spanish, French, Jewish and English expeditions into the Southern Highlands between 1528 and 1693.  Paralleling the descriptions of these expeditions will be a detailed analysis of maps that were published between 1562 and 1722.  I promise that you are in for more than one shock on this one!

PS – I apologize for the two small gaps in the narration.  I learned too late that there is a bug in the Microsoft Software, which causes the video version of the show to jump across sections, where I zoomed in on a map.   However, the PDF version of the show, which will be posted on Microsoft Cloud, will contain the magnified maps.  Microsoft released this version of PowerPoint in December without thoroughly making it operable.

Also,  Fort Caroline was at 31.5 degrees latitude, not 35.5 degrees.  A herd dog puppy nipped at my ankle as I was about to speak the numbers.  She will be a good herd dog, but needs to learn that I am NOT a dairy cow! LOL  I will correct that information in Part Three. 


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    Thanks so much, Richard. Your narrative adds so much, even with a pup nipping at your heels. Very enjoyable and informative.

    • And thank you Edna for keeping us supplied with wisdom from the Ghost!


    Hi Richard, Just to let you know, I am able to get all your video’s and am now going through them one by one.
    By the way, have you seen The Mountain Men documentary narrated by Pernell Roberts (1999) I thoroughly enjoyed watching it. Have you found any where else to live yet?

    • No I have NOT seen Mountain Men. The only Pernell Roberts documentary I have ever seen is on the Okefenokee Swamp . . . where both Pernell and I were born. Thanks for telling me about it. Glad that YouTube Civilization has now arrived in Crete . . . just in time as you pass your Linear B exam!


        You are most welcome Richard. When you have time to watch it let me know what you think. O.K.

        • I watched the program, voiced by Pernell Roberts, last night. It was a very interesting documentary. I need to practice my elocution for the Youtube videos. Pernell Roberts had a magnificent voice for narrating programs . . . smooth,articulate, but masculine . . . like a Shakespearean actor . . . which is what he considered himself to be. And to think that we were both hatched in the Okefenokee Swamp. LOL


            Actually I thought that his voice sounded very much like your own voice. Glad you enjoyed it. I am going to look for the other one you mentioned now. Thanks.

          • I can’t imagine why? LOL However, I do need to stop breaking my sentences so much. It is from not having many conversations with humans over the past eight years.


    Thanks for not being a “mainstream ivory tower” historian… In 1962 learned state credentialed historians taught me that the entire Grand Canyon was in COLORADO (I am sure ARIZONA would be surprised to learn this). So much goes unquestioned in the good ole boy network. Keep up the good work.

    • Well, I was born in Southeast Georgia! Maybe I am a REAL Good Ole Boy and the others are Not-So-Good Ole Boys. LOL


    Interesting how vital information disappears with time. Seen at the link, below, is what appears to be a fairly early, though undated, map of eastern North America, indicating Charioquet north of the Rio St Laurens. Associated notes suggest this map was based on earlier 1651 maps by Jansson, and drawn between 1653 and 1655. Many tribal names familiar to us, today, appear across the map, lending some credence to its’ authenticity.

    • You are absolutely right. I would think that the Cherokees could walk to the Southern Highlands within 30 years.


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