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Youtube . . . The Upper Creek town of Tuckabatchee in 1776

Youtube . . . The Upper Creek town of Tuckabatchee in 1776


A 7:40 minute video on the history and architecture of the capital of the Upper Creeks

Botanist William Bartram stated that Tuckabatchee was his favorite American Indian town in the United States.  He intentionally visited there twice for extensive stays, during his sojourns in the Lower Southeast.  One of the young Creek ladies watching him study the town in a few years would become the wife of Benjamin Hawkins, the chief United States Agent to the Southeastern Indians. One of their daughters would become the inspiration for a best-selling book and movie, entitled “True Women.”

Bartram performed an invaluable service to future generations.  He surveyed the central area of the town and prepared a town plan, plus prepared several architectural sketches. His work provided the only detailed information that we have on mid-18th century Creek town.   The model I built, was based completely on his drawings.

Viewers are in for some big surprises.  Many assumptions made by Alabama historians and archaeologists about Tuckabatchee are wrong.  For example, at the onset of the American Revolution, the leaders of Tuckabatchee refused to fight for the British.  Because most Upper Creek towns id agree to become British allies,  Tuckabatchee was forced to move an ancient town site on the Chattahoochee River, where Six Flags Over Georgia is now located.  From that point forward the people of Tuckabatchee were associated with the Muskogee-speaking Middle Creeks and apparently stopped speaking Upper Creek, which was similar to Hitchiti.

The human figures in this model are .75″ (children) to 1.5″ (adult men) tall!  The logs are dried stalks from wild flowers.


You will find this brief video very interesting!


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Richard Thornton is a professional architect, city planner, author and museum exhibit designer-builder. He is today considered one of the nation’s leading experts on the Southeastern Indians. However, that was not always the case. While at Georgia Tech Richard was the first winner of the Barrett Fellowship, which enabled him to study Mesoamerican architecture and culture in Mexico under the auspices of the Institutio Nacional de Antropoligia e Historia. Dr. Roman Piňa-Chan, the famous archaeologist and director of the Museo Nacional de Antropologia, was his fellowship coordinator. For decades afterward, he lectured at universities and professional societies around the Southeast on Mesoamerican architecture, while knowing very little about his own Creek heritage. Then he was hired to carry out projects for the Muscogee-Creek Nation in Oklahoma. The rest is history. Richard is the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer for the KVWETV (Coweta) Creek Tribe and a member of the Perdido Bay Creek Tribe. In 2009 he was the architect for Oklahoma’s Trail of Tears Memorial at Council Oak Park in Tulsa. He is the president of the Apalache Foundation, which is sponsoring research into the advanced indigenous societies of the Lower Southeast.



    I loved the music in this video. Where can I find a copy? Very nice video. I just realized watching it that I’ve ridden my motorcycle through it. Lots of great curves to enjoy in that part of our country! And beautiful.

    • Hey Karla

      The song’s name is “Ashokan Fairwell” Several versions of it are on YouTube.


    Richard, It gets more interesting with each of your articles. The Shawnee called the Yuchi the “Tahoka-le” and the Cherokee were called (Cha-la-kee) by the Choctaws and the Yuchi ended up calling themselves: Tsoyaha or Coyaha meaning “children of the Sun” (China / Central Asian /Bronze Europe DNA) people. The ancient Georgia people that built Stonehenge’s were groups of the Tokah / Togha /Yuchi Seafaring peoples. The biblical writers most likely called them descendants of “Togarmah”. The ancient Greeks called them the Tokah when some migrated into Afghanistan and then into India. The Chinese called them the Yuchi.
    The Cherokee Ani-kutani could have been another group of Sea Fairing people that arrived called by the Romans Pitani but perhaps one group called themselves “Kutani”. They might be the origin of the Giant sized red haired people noted in Native lore and who also painted themselves “blue” when they went to war: “(Picti) painted ones” against the Romans. (manatee and a cactus?)


    Wow! What detail and hard work!!!


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